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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #3523 - νῆστις

Transliteration
nēstis
Phonetics
nace'-tis
Origin
from the insep. negative particle ne- (not) and (G2068)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
4:924,632
Definition
Thayer's
  1. fasting, not having eaten
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2908 ‑ טְוָת (tev‑awth');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (2)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
NAS (2)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
HCS (2)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
BSB (2)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
ESV (2)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
WEB (2)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

νῆστις,

gen. ιος or ιδος, ὁ and (v. infr.); also dat. νήστει Hp. Acut. 60: pl. νήστεις Antiph. 138, D.H. Rh. 9.16: (νη-, ἔδω):

I

1. not eating, fasting, of persons, ἀνώγοιμι πτολεμίζειν υἷας Ἀχαιῶν νήστιας, ἀκμήνους Il. 19.207; νήστιες ἄχρι.. κνέφαος Od. 18.370, cf. Diocl.Fr. 43, Matthew 15:32, etc.; νήστισιν ἐπιθέντες οἱ πολέμιοι Onos. 12.1: c. gen., νῆστις βορᾶς E. IT 973: metaph., νῆστιν ἀνὰ.. ψάμμαν over the hungry sand, A. Pr. 573 (lyr.).

2. with an abstract Subst., freq. in A., νῆστιν νόσον famine, Ag. 1016 (lyr.); ν. λιμός Ch. 250; νήστισιν αἰκίαις the pains of hunger, Pr. 599 (lyr.); νήστιδες δύαι Ag. 1621; also νῆστις ὀσμή the bad breath of one fasting, Phryn. PS p.91 B.

3. Act., causing hunger, starving, πνοαὶ νήστιδες A. Ag. 193 (lyr.).

II as Subst., νῆστις, ἡ, acc. νῆστιν Ar. Fr. 318.3, 506.4, Eub. 110.

1 the intestinum jejunum, from its always being found empty, Hp. Carn. 19, Ar. Fr. 506.4, Eub. 63.5 (anap.), cf. Arist. PA 675b33.

2. ν. κεστρεύς, fish so called because its stomach was always found empty, Ar. Fr. 156, etc.: hence in Com., of 'empty bellies', ἐγὼ δὲ κεστρεὺς νῆστις οἴκαδ' ἀποτρέχω Alex. 256, etc., cf. Ath. 7.307d.

3. Νῆστις, ἡ, = ὕδωρ, Emp. 6.3, cf. Alex. 322.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

νῆστις , -ιος , ,

(< νη -, neg. prefix, + ἐσθίω ),

in cl., chiefly poët.,

[in LXX: Da LXX Daniel 6:18 (19) (H2908)*;]

not eating, fasting: Matthew 15:32, Mark 8:3.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

οἰκονόμος in its literal sense of ";steward,"; ";manager of an estate"; (as in Luke 12:42, 1 Corinthians 4:2) is found in P Tebt II. 402.1 (A.D. 172) Μαρτι ̣ [. . .] οἰκονόμῳ Φλαυίας Ἐπιμάχης κα [ ] τῶν πρότερον Ἰουλίας Καλλ ̣ινίδος παρὰ Διδύμου οἰκοδόμου, ";to Mart. . .,steward of Flavia Epimache and of the property formerly belonging to Julia Kallinis, from Didymus, builder,"; P Oxy VI. 929.25 (ii/iii A.D.) Νιννάρῳ οἰκονόμῳ Ἀπίωνος σ ̣τ ̣ρ ̣α ̣(τηγοῦ), and P Fay 133.2 (iv/A.D.) ἀπέστειλα τὸν οἰκ [ον ]όμον [Ἡρα ]κλείδην πρὸς σὲ καθὰ ἠξίω [σας ] ἵνα τὴν διαταγὴν τῆς τρύγης ποιήσηται, ";I have sent to you the steward Heraclides as you requested, to make arrangements about the vintage";(Edd.).

The meaning of ";treasurer"; which is given to the word in Romans 16:23 RV (cf. 1 Esdras 4:49) is common both in Ptolemaic and in Roman times, though latterly the position sank much in importance : see P Tebt I. 5.159 (B.C. 118) with the editors’ note, and for later exx. ib. II, 296.12 (A.D. 123) διέγραψε Σεκούνδῳ τῷ τοῦ κ [υ ]ρίου Καίσαρος οἰκονόμῳ (";procurator,"; G.H.) (δραχμὰς) < ̄〉̄φ ̄, P Oxy IV. 735.6 (A.D. 205) Καισάρων οἰκονόμου οὐικαρίου. From the inscrr. we may cite OGIS 50.13 (mid. iii/B.C.) τὸ δὲ ἀνάλωμα τὸ εἰς τὴν στήλην δοῦναι τὸν οἰ [κον ]όμο [ν ] Σωσίβιον, and Priene 6.30 (B.C. 330–29) τὸ δὲ ἀν ]άλωμα ὑπηρετῆσαι τὸν οἰκο [νόμον with reference to defraying the expenses of an inscr.

On the difficult usage of οἰκονόμος in Galatians 4:2 to denote one who has charge of the person or estate of a minor, see Burton ICC ad loc.; and against Mahaffy’s view on P Petr II. 18 (1) (B.C. 246) that the οἰκονόμος ";had authority to investigate criminal cases on appeals,";see Archiv iv. p. 31 f. The title is discussed by Wilcken Chrest. I. i. p. 150 ff.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
νηστεις νήστεις νηστόν nesteis nēsteis nḗsteis
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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