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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #425 - ἄνεσις

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G447)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. a loosening, relaxing
    1. spoken of a more tolerable condition in captivity, to be held in less vigorous confinement
    2. relief, rest, from persecutions
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 7960 ‑ שָׁלוּת (shaw‑loo', shaw‑looth');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
Acts 1
2 Corinthians 3
2 Thessalonians 1
NAS (5)
Acts 1
2 Corinthians 3
2 Thessalonians 1
CSB (5)
Acts 1
2 Corinthians 3
2 Thessalonians 1
BSB (5)
Acts 1
2 Corinthians 3
2 Thessalonians 1
ESV (5)
Acts 1
2 Corinthians 3
2 Thessalonians 1
WEB (5)
Acts 1
2 Corinthians 3
2 Thessalonians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


gen. εως, Ion. ιος, ἡ: (ἀνιημι):


1. loosening, relaxing, τῶν χορδῶν of the strings, opp. ἐπίτασις, Pl. R. 349e; coupled with χάλασις, ib. 590b; τῆς αἰσθήσεως.. δεσμὸν τὸν ὕπνον εἶναί φαμεν, τὴν δέ.. ἄνεσιν ἐγρήγορσιν Arist. Somn.Vig. 454b27; ἀέρος Thphr. CP 2.1.6; πάγων ἄ., i.e. a thaw, Plu. Sert. 17; of the ebb -tide, Str. 7.2.1.

2. metaph., remission, abatement, κακῶν Hdt. 5.28; opp. θλῖψις, 2 Corinthians 8:13, al.; λύπης, μοχθηρίας, etc., Plu. 2.102b, etc.; τὴν ἡδονὴν ἄνεσιν λαμβάνειν Phld. D. 3 Fr. 1; ἄ. φόρων, τελῶν, remission of tribute, taxes, Plu. Sert. 6, IG 7.2227 (Thisbe), etc.; κολάσεως Plot. 4.3.24; of fevers, opp. παροξυσμός, Gal. 7.427.

3. relaxation, recreation, opp. σπουδή, Pl. Lg. 724a, Arist. Rh. 1371b34, cf. Cleanth.Stoic. 1.122; ἄ. καὶ σχολή Plb. 1.66.10; ψυχῆς Mnesith.Ath. ap. Ath. 11.484a.

4. solution, Dsc. 5.96.

5. = τὸ τελευταῖον τῆς παρακμῆς Archig. ap. Gal. 7.424.

II indulgence, licence, ἡδονῶν Pl. R. 561a; ἡ τῶν γυναικῶν παρ' ὑμῖν ἄ. Id. Lg. 637c, cf. Arist. Pol. 1270a1; δούλων ib. 1313b35; relaxation of custody, Acts 24:23.

III of musical pitch, Aristid.Quint. 1.5; of an unaccented syll., Phld. Po. 2.18.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἄνεσις, ἀνεσεως, (ἀνίημι to let loose, slacken, anything tense, e. g. a bow), a loosening, relaxing; spoken of a more tolerable condition in captivity: ἔχειν ἄνεσιν, to be held in less rigorous confinement (R. V. have indulgence), Acts 24:23 (Josephus, Antiquities 18, 6, 10 φυλακή μέν γάρ καί τήρησις ἦν, μετά μέντοι ἀνεσεως τῆς δίαιταν). relief, rest, from persecutions, 2 Thessalonians 1:7; from the troubles of poverty, 2 Corinthians 8:13; relief from anxiety, quiet, 2 Corinthians 2:13 (); . (the Sept.; in Greek writings from Thucydides (Herodotus 5, 28) down.) (Synonym: see ἀνάπαυσις, at the end.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἄνεσις , -εως , ,

(<ἀνίημι ),

[in LXX: 2 Esdras 4:22 (H7960), 2 Chronicles 23:15, 1 Esdras 4:62, Wisdom of Solomon 13:13, Sirach 15:20; Sirach 26:10*;]

a loosening, relaxation: Acts 24:23 (RV, indulgence; cf. MM, VGT, s.v.); by St. Paul, opp. to θλίψις , expressed or understood, relief: 2 Corinthians 2:12; 2 Corinthians 7:5; 2 Corinthians 8:13, 2 Thessalonians 1:7.†

SYN.: ἀνάπαυσις G372 (q.v.). †

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This word, which with the exception of Acts 24:23 is used in the NT only by Paul, and always with the contrast to θλίψις either stated or implied (see Milligan on 2 Thessalonians 1:7), is found in a more general sense in P Tebt I. 24.73 (B.C. 117) ἀν [ ]σει γεγονότας, ";becoming remiss,"; as in the paradoxical phrase ἐμπειρίᾳ ἀνέσεως, Wisdom of Solomon 13:13; cf. also Syll 533.16 (iii/A.D. initl.), 932.53 (ib.), where it is used of ";relief"; from taxation. P Ryl II. 84.5 (A.D. 146) ὅπως φροντίσῃς. . . τὴν ἄνεσιν τὴν διὰ τοῦτο γενομένην τῶν ὑπαρχόντων γενέσθαι, ";in order that . . . the ensuing remission of the lands be effected"; (Edd., comparing Chrest. I. 363 introd.). For the phrase in Acts 24:23 ἔχειν τε ἄνεσιν, where the RV renders ";should have indulgence,"; cf. P Giss I. 59 (A.D. 119–20), where a number of persons are enrolled as having vacatio munerum (λετουργιῶν), as ἄνεσιν ἐσχηκότες ἑπταετίας τῆς ἀπὸ ι ̄ς ̄ - (ἔτος) [16th year of Trajan] ἕως νῦν, and others, one of a τριετία. Can the ἄνεσις in Ac l.c. be a kind of libera custodia? Moffatt renders the clause, ";allow him some freedom.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ανεσιν άνεσιν ἄνεσιν ανεσις άνεσις ἄνεσις anesin ánesin anesis ánesis
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