Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #425 - ἄνεσις
- a loosening, relaxing
- spoken of a more tolerable condition in captivity, to be held in less vigorous confinement
- relief, rest, from persecutions
gen. εως, Ion. ιος, ἡ: (ἀνιημι): —
1. loosening, relaxing, τῶν χορδῶν of the strings, opp. ἐπίτασις, Pl. R. 349e; coupled with χάλασις, ib. 590b; τῆς αἰσθήσεως.. δεσμὸν τὸν ὕπνον εἶναί φαμεν, τὴν δέ.. ἄνεσιν ἐγρήγορσιν Arist. Somn.Vig. 454b27; ἀέρος Thphr. CP 2.1.6; πάγων ἄ., i.e. a thaw, Plu. Sert. 17; of the ebb -tide, Str. 7.2.1.
2. metaph., remission, abatement, κακῶν Hdt. 5.28; opp. θλῖψις, 2 Corinthians 8:13, al.; λύπης, μοχθηρίας, etc., Plu. 2.102b, etc.; τὴν ἡδονὴν ἄνεσιν λαμβάνειν Phld. D. 3 Fr. 1; ἄ. φόρων, τελῶν, remission of tribute, taxes, Plu. Sert. 6, IG 7.2227 (Thisbe), etc.; κολάσεως Plot. 4.3.24; of fevers, opp. παροξυσμός, Gal. 7.427.
3. relaxation, recreation, opp. σπουδή, Pl. Lg. 724a, Arist. Rh. 1371b34, cf. Cleanth.Stoic. 1.122; ἄ. καὶ σχολή Plb. 1.66.10; ψυχῆς Mnesith.Ath. ap. Ath. 11.484a.
4. solution, Dsc. 5.96.
5. = τὸ τελευταῖον τῆς παρακμῆς Archig. ap. Gal. 7.424.
II indulgence, licence, ἡδονῶν Pl. R. 561a; ἡ τῶν γυναικῶν παρ' ὑμῖν ἄ. Id. Lg. 637c, cf. Arist. Pol. 1270a1; δούλων ib. 1313b35; relaxation of custody, Acts 24:23.
III of musical pitch, Aristid.Quint. 1.5; of an unaccented syll., Phld. Po. 2.18.
ἄνεσις , -εως , ἡ ,
[in LXX: 2 Esdras 4:22 (H7960), 2 Chronicles 23:15, 1 Esdras 4:62, Wisdom of Solomon 13:13, Sirach 15:20; Sirach 26:10*;]
a loosening, relaxation: Acts 24:23 (RV, indulgence; cf. MM, VGT, s.v.); by St. Paul, opp. to θλίψις , expressed or understood, relief: 2 Corinthians 2:12; 2 Corinthians 7:5; 2 Corinthians 8:13, 2 Thessalonians 1:7.†
SYN.: ἀνάπαυσις G372 (q.v.). †
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
This word, which with the exception of Acts 24:23 is used in the NT only by Paul, and always with the contrast to θλίψις either stated or implied (see Milligan on 2 Thessalonians 1:7), is found in a more general sense in P Tebt I. 24.73 (B.C. 117) ἀν [έ ]σει γεγονότας, ";becoming remiss,"; as in the paradoxical phrase ἐμπειρίᾳ ἀνέσεως, Wisdom of Solomon 13:13; cf. also Syll 533.16 (iii/A.D. initl.), 932.53 (ib.), where it is used of ";relief"; from taxation. P Ryl II. 84.5 (A.D. 146) ὅπως φροντίσῃς. . . τὴν ἄνεσιν τὴν διὰ τοῦτο γενομένην τῶν ὑπαρχόντων γενέσθαι, ";in order that . . . the ensuing remission of the lands be effected"; (Edd., comparing Chrest. I. 363 introd.). For the phrase in Acts 24:23 ἔχειν τε ἄνεσιν, where the RV renders ";should have indulgence,"; cf. P Giss I. 59 (A.D. 119–20), where a number of persons are enrolled as having vacatio munerum (λετουργιῶν), as ἄνεσιν ἐσχηκότες ἑπταετίας τῆς ἀπὸ ι ̄ς ̄ - (ἔτος) [16th year of Trajan] ἕως νῦν, and others, one of a τριετία. Can the ἄνεσις in Ac l.c. be a kind of libera custodia? Moffatt renders the clause, ";allow him some freedom.";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.