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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #3793 - ὄχλος
- a crowd
- a casual collection of people
- a multitude of men who have flocked together in some place
- a throng
- a multitude
- the common people, as opposed to the rulers and leading men
- with contempt: the ignorant multitude, the populace
- a multitude
- the multitudes, seems to denote troops of people gathered together without order
- a casual collection of people
1. crowd, throng, Pi. P. 4.85, A. Pers. 42 (anap.), etc.; ἐσὄχλον ἕρπειν παρθένοισιν οὐ καλόν E. Or. 108, cf. Heracl. 44; ὁ ὄ. τῶν στρατιωτῶν the mass of the soldiers, X. Cyr. 6.1.26, cf. Th. 6.64, 7.62; μηδένα ὄ. Πελοποννησίων νεῶν Id. 2.88; ὄχλῳ in numbers (for an army), Id. 1.80; ὁ μισθοφόρος ὄ. Id. 3.109, cf. 4.56; οἱ τοιοῦτοι ὄ. undisciplined masses like these, ib. 126; ὄ. μᾶλλον ἢ στρατός Hdn. 6.7.1; of the camp-followers, X. An. 3.4.26, 4.3.26, etc.
2. in political sense, populace, mob, opp. δῆμος (people), Th. 7.8, cf. Pl. Plt. 304d; πρὸς ὄχλον ζῶν Id. Ax. 368d; οἱ ὁμότιμοι ὤκνουν τὴν τοῦ ὄ. ἰσομοιρίαν X. Cyr. 2.2.21; δικαστηρίων καὶ τῶν ἄλλων ὄ. and popular assemblies (in a contemptuous sense), Pl. Grg. 455a, cf. Euthd. 290a: prov., δι' ὄχλου ἤδη τοῦτό γε this is already in the mouths of the people, D.H. Lys. 10, cf. J. BJ 2.13.1, 4.9.2.
3. generally, mass, multitude, ὄ. τὸν πλεῖστον λόγων A. Pr. 827; τὸν πλεῖστον ὄ. τῶν πραχθέντων Isoc. 12.192; ἵππων ὄ. E. IA 191 (lyr.); ἄκριτος ἄστρων ὄ. Critias 19.5 D.; σαρκῶν Pl. Ti. 75e: in pl., the masses, καχεξία τις ὑποδέδυκε τοὺς ὄχλους Diph. 24.4, cf. Men. 161.1, 466.4; πιθανώτεροι οἱ ἀπαίδευτοι ἐν τοῖς ὄ. Arist. Rh. 1395b28.
II annoyance, trouble, σχολὴν ὄ. τε μέτριον E. Ion 635, etc.; ὄχλον παρέχειν to give trouble, Hdt. 1.86, cf. E. Med. 337, X. An. 3.2.27, Pl. Phd. 84d; δι' ὄχλου εἶναι, γενέσθαι, to be or become troublesome, Ar. Ec. 888, Th. 1.73, Pl. Alc. 1.103a; μάταιον ὄ. τοὺς λόγους νομίσητε D. 18.214; οἱ δὲ ἀντιλέγοντες ὄ. ἄλλως καὶ βασκανία κατεφαίνετο Id. 19.24.
ὄχλος, ὄχλου, ὁ, in the N. T. only in the historical books and five times in the book of Revelation; as in Greek writings from Pindar and Aeschylus down, a crowd, i. e.
1. a casual collection of people; a multitude of men who have flocked together in some place, a throng: Matthew 9:23, 25; Matthew 15:10, etc.; Mark 2:4; Mark 3:9, and often; Luke 5:1, 19; Luke 7:9, etc.; John 5:13; John 6:22, 24; John 7:20, 32, 49, etc.; Acts 14:14; Acts 17:8; Acts 21:34; τίς ἐκ τοῦ ὄχλου, Luke 11:27; Luke 12:13; or ἀπό τοῦ ὄχλου,
2. the multitude, i. e. the common people, opposed to the rulers and leading men: Matthew 14:5; Matthew 21:26; Mark 12:12; (John 7:12b (provided the plural is retained in the first part of the verse)); with contempt, "the ignorant multitude, the populace, John 7:49; ἐπισύστασις ὄχλου, a riot, a mob, Acts 24:12 (L T Tr WH ἐπίστασιν (which see) ὄχλου).
3. universally, a multitude: with a genitive of the class, as τελωνῶν, Luke 5:29; μαθητῶν, Luke 6:17; ὀνομάτων (see ὄνομα, 3), Acts 1:15; τῶν ἱερέων, Acts 6:7; the plural ὄχλοι, joined with λαοί and ἔθνη, in Revelation 17:15 seems to designate troops of men assembled together without order. (The Sept. chiefly for הָמון.)
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ὄχλος , -ου , ὁ ,
1. a moving crowd or multitude of persons, a throng: Matthew 9:23, Mark 2:4, Luke 5:1, John 5:13, al.; pl., Matthew 5:1, Mark 10:1, Luke 3:7, and freq.; ὄ . ἱκανός , Mark 10:46, al.; τοσοῦτος , Matthew 15:33; οῦ μετ᾿ ὄχλου , Acts 24:18; ἄτερ ὄχλου , Luke 22:6; πᾶς ὁ ὄ ., Matthew 13:2, Mark 2:13, al.; ὄ . πολύς (Papyri ὄ .), Matthew 20:29, Mark 5:21, al.; ὄ πολύς ό . (Papyri ὄ .), the populace, the common people, Mark 12:37 (Swete, in l; Field, Notes, 37), John 12:9 (Westc., in l).
2. (As also cl., opp. to δῆμος , q.v., and cf. Tr., Syn., § xcviii), the populace, the common people (cf. ὁ πολὺς ὄ ., supr.), Matthew 14:5; Matthew 21:26, Mark 12:12, John 7:12 b; so with contempt (cl.), John 7:49. In a more general sense, a multitude: c. gen., ὀνομάτωςν (see ὀ .), Acts 1:15; μαθητῶν , Luke 6:17, al.
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";provoke"; (= παροργίζω, Hesych.), is regarded by Moffatt (ICC ad Hebrews 3:16) as a LXX coinage ";to express ‘rebellious’ with a further sense of provoking or angering God."; In Deuteronomy 32:16 it is parallel to παροξύνω.
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