the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #3971 - πατρῷος
- descending from father to son or from ancestors to their posterity as it were by right of inheritance
- received from the fathers
πατρῷος, α, ον,
also ος, ον A. Ag. 210 (lyr.), E. Supp. 1147 (lyr.), etc.; and Ion. πατρώϊος, η, ον, the only form used in Hom., Hes., and Hdt.; the former first in Thgn. 888, Pi. P. 4.290, though both use the longer form, Thgn. 521, Pi. P. 4.220; Thess. πατρούεος (q.v.): (πατήρ): —
of or from one's father, coming or inherited from him, σκῆπτρον, ἔγχος, Il. 2.46, 19.387; τέμενος, δῶμα, οἶκος, 20.391, 21.44, Hes. Op. 376; ξεῖνος πατρώϊός ἐσσι παλαιός my old hereditary friend, Il. 6.215; π. ἑταῖροι Od. 2.254, 17.69; γαῖα πατρωΐη one's fatherland, 13.188, 251; πατρῴα γῆ Thgn. 888, Pi. P. 4.290, S. El. 67, etc.; π. οὖδας A. Ag. 503; ἄστυ S. OT 1450; δῶμα, ἑστία, κοῖται, E. Or. 1595, Hec. 22, S. El. 194 (lyr.); πατρώϊα one's father's goods, patrimony, Od. 17.80, 20.336, 22.61; τὰ π. Hdt. 9.26, Ar. Th. 819, Lys. 27.11, v.l. in Arist. Pol. 1303b34; τὰ π. χρήματα Ar. Av. 1658; θρόνος A. Pr. 230, cf. S. El. 268, etc.; δοῦλοι π. Hdt. 2.1; γέρεα Id. 7.104; θυσίαι D. 3.30 codd.; ἀρχή X. An. 1.7.6; π. δόξα hereditary glory, Id. HG 7.5.16 (but πατρῴα καὶ παππῴα δόξα of our fathers and grandfathers, D. 10.73); π. οἰκία, κλῆρος, And. 1.62, Pl. Chrm. 157e, Lg. 923d, etc.; οὐσία Anaxandr. 45; ἡ εἰρήνη ἡ π. IG 42(1).68.13 (Epid., iv B. C.); ἔχων π. ἡμῶν ὑποθήκην Sammelb. 7339.6 (i A. D.); π. θεοί tutelary gods of a family or people, as Apollo at Athens, S. Ph. 933, cf. Pl. Euthd. 302d, Arist. Ath. 55.3, Sammelb. 6262.5 (iii A. D.); Zeus among the Dorians, A. Fr. 162.3; πρὸς θεῶν π. καὶ μητρῴων X. HG 2.4.21, cf. Th. 7.69: sg., Berl.Sitzb. 1927.169 (Cyrene); Zeus was the θεὸς π. of Heracles, S. Tr. 288, 753; of Orestes, E. El. 671; Ζεὺς π. was also the god who protects parents' rights, Ar. Nu. 1468, Pl. Lg. 881d, etc.
II = cross πάτριος, of or belonging to one's father, μῆλα Od. 12.136; π. πρὸς στάθμαν Pi. P. 6.45; π. ἄεθλοι imposed by him, ib. 4.220; but π. ἆθλος of him, S. Ant. 856 (lyr.); π. γνώμη ib. 640; π. φόνοι, πήματα, Id. OC 990, 1196; π. χέρες A. Ag. 210 (lyr.), etc.; τὰ πατρώϊα the cause of one's father, opp. τὰ μητρώϊα, Hdt. 3.53. — Gramm. distd. πατρῷος, as expressing patrimonial possession, from πάτριος as expressing hereditary manners, customs, institutions; v. Ammon. Diff. s. v., AB 297, Suid., etc. — The distn. holds in Att. Prose; but Hom. and Hdt. use πατρώϊος only, and in all these senses; so also Trag. [ πάτριος shd. be restored in all passages in Trag. where the 2nd syll. is made short in anap. and lyr., E. Hec. 82, Tr. 162, Ba. 1368, El. 1315, Alc. 249; but γῆς ἀπὸ πατρωΐης ends a pentameter in IG 12.978.]
πατροως (poetic and Ionic πατρωιος), πατρωα, πατροων, (πατήρ), from Homer down, "descending from father to son or from ancestors to their posterity as it were by right of inheritance; received from the fathers": νόμος, Acts 22:3 (2 Macc. 6:1; Aelian v. h. 6, 10); Θεός, Acts 24:14 (4 Macc. 12:19; and often in Greek writings θεοί πατροωι, Ζεύς πατροως etc.); τοῖς ἔθεσι τοῖς πατροωις, Acts 28:17 (Justin Martyr, dialog contra Trypho,
c. 63; πατροως ἔθος, Aelian v. h. 7, 19 variant). [SYNONYMS: πατροως, πατρικός: on the distinction of the grammarians (see Photius, Suidas, Ammonius, etc. under the words) according to which πατροως is used of property descending from father to son, πατρικός of persons in friendship or feud, etc., see Ellendt, Lex. Sophocles ii., p. 530f; Liddell and Scott, under the word πατροως; Schmidt, chapter 154.]
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πατρῷος , -α , -ον
(< πατήρ ),
[in LXX: Proverbs 27:10 (H1), Ezra 7:5; 2-4 Mac 12*;]
of one's fathers, received from one's fathers: Acts 22:3; Acts 24:14; Acts 28:17.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
";flying,"; or as a neut. subst. ";a bird"; : Ostr 1523.3 (B.C. 127–6) ἔχω παρὰ σοῦ τὸ τῶν πετεινῶν, P Leid Wvi. 36 (ii/iii A.D.) (= II. p. 101) ἐὰν ἐπίπῃς (l. ἐπείπῃς) ἐπὶ πάντος πετι (= ει)νοῦ εἰς τὸ ὤτιον, τελευτήσει. See also the new Logion P Oxy IV. p. 5 (= White Sayings, p. 8).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.