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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3985 - πειράζω
- to try whether a thing can be done
- to attempt, endeavour
- to try, make trial of, test: for the purpose of ascertaining his quantity, or what he thinks, or how he will behave himself
- in a good sense
- in a bad sense, to test one maliciously, craftily to put to the proof his feelings or judgments
- to try or test one's faith, virtue, character, by enticement to sin
- to solicit to sin, to tempt 1c
- of the temptations of the devil
- after the OT usage
- of God: to inflict evils upon one in order to prove his character and the steadfastness of his faith
- men are said to tempt God by exhibitions of distrust, as though they wished to try whether he is not justly distrusted
- by impious or wicked conduct to test God's justice and patience, and to challenge him, as it were to give proof of his perfections.
used by early authors only in pres. and impf., the other tenses being supplied by πειράω, -άομαι: Cret. fut. πειράξω GDI 5181: aor. 1 imper. πείρᾰσον AP 11.183 (Lucill.): aor. Pass. ἐπειράσθην LXX Wisdom of Solomon 11:9, Matthew 4:1 : pf. part. πεπειρασμένος Hebrews 4:15 : —
make proof or trial of, c. gen., Od. 16.319.23.114: abs., 9.281.
2. c. inf., attempt to do, Plb. 2.6.9, Judges 6:39, Acts 16:7, Acts 24:6; π. τι attempt a thing, ἄλλος ἄλλην ἐπ' ἐμὲ πειράζει τέχνην Luc. Trag. 149, cf. S.E. M. 1.40; τόδε τόξον make trial of, Anacreont. 31.24: abs., make an attempt, Plb. Fr. 195.
3. Pass., ἤθη.. ἐν χρόνῳ πειράζεται are tried, proved, Men. Mon. 573; to be experienced, Phld. Sign. 32.
II c. acc. pers., try, tempt a person, put him to the test, LXX Genesis 22:1, al.; ἑαυτοὺς πειράζετε, εἰ.. 2 Corinthians 13:5, al.; τί πειράζετε τὸν Κύριον; LXX Exodus 17:2, cf. Acts 15:10; , al.
2. in bad sense, seek to seduce, tempt, Ἀθηναίην A.R. 3.10: abs., ὁ πειράζων the Tempter, 1 Thessalonians 3:5, etc.: — Pass., to be sorely tried, πειραζομένη βασανίζομαι PLit.Lond. 52.5; στομακάκκῃ Str. 16.4.24; to be attacked, ὑποχύσει Alex.Aphr. Pr. 2.54; ἐπιληψίᾳ Cyran. 47; to be tempted to sin, Matthew 4:1, al.
poët. and late prose form of πειράω , q.v.,
[in LXX for H5254 pi.;]
1. to make proof of (Hom.).
2. to try, attempt (Luc., Polyb., c. inf. (v. M, Pr., 205; B1., § 69, 4), Acts 9:26; Acts 16:7; Acts 24:6.
3. In LXX and NT, like Heb. H5254, c. acc pers., to test, try, prove;
(a) in a good sense : John 6:6, 2 Corinthians 13:5, Hebrews 11:17, Revelation 2:2; esp. of trials and afflictions sent or permitted by God (Genesis 22:1, Exodus 20:20, Wisdom of Solomon 3:5, al.), 1 Corinthians 10:13, Hebrews 2:18; Hebrews 4:15; Hebrews 11:17; Hebrews 11:37, Revelation 3:10;
(b) in a bad sense (Apoll. Rhod., 3, 10): of the attempts made to ensnare Jesus in his speech, Matthew 16:1; Matthew 19:3; Matthew 22:18; Matthew 22:35 Mark 8:11; Mark 10:2; Mark 12:15, Luke 11:16, John 8:6; of temptation to sin, to tempt, James 1:13-14 (v. Hort, in l), Galatians 6:1, Revelation 2:10; esp. of temptations of the devil, Matthew 4:1; Matthew 4:3 Mark 1:13, Luke 4:2, 1 Corinthians 7:5, 1 Thessalonians 3:5; ὁ πειράζων , the tempter, Matthew 4:3, 1 Thessalonians 3:5;
(c) in bad sense also (Exodus 17:2; Exodus 17:7, Numbers 14:22, al.), of distrustful testing, trying or challenging of God: Acts 15:10, 1 Corinthians 10:9 (WH, mg., ἐξεπείρασαν ), Hebrews 3:9; τ . πνεῦμα Κυρίου , Acts 5:9 (of. ἐκ -πειράζω ).†
SYN.: δοκιμάζω G1381, q.v.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
πιέζω (see s.v. πιάζω) is found in Luke 6:38 with the original meaning ";press down"; : cf. Micah 6:15 πιέσεις ἐλαίαν, and Syll 422 (= .3 904).7 (iv/A.D.) μ ]ήτε ὁ βουλόμενος κεχρῆσθαι δι᾽ ἄγνοιαν [ὑπ ]ὸ τῆς ἀπειρίας πιεζείσθω. In ib. 587.304 (B.C. 329–8) the subst. πιεστήρ, which Dittenberger says means elsewhere torcular vel prelum, seems to have the force of μοχλός (";crowbar"; ), but the root meaning of pressing is still preserved. Πιέζω contains a reduced form of ἐπί and ἕζομαι : cf. πινυτός from ἐπί and the root of νό ϝ ος (Boisacq Dict. Etym. pp. 782, 785).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Second Sunday after Epiphany