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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #3986 - πειρασμός

Transliteration
peirasmós
Phonetics
pi-ras-mos'
Origin
from (G3985)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
6:23,822
Definition
Thayer's
  1. an experiment, attempt, trial, proving
    1. trial, proving: the trial made of you by my bodily condition, since condition served as to test the love of the Galatians toward Paul (Gal. 4:
    1. the trial of man's fidelity, integrity, virtue, constancy
      1. an enticement to sin, temptation, whether arising from the desires or from the outward circumstances
      2. an internal temptation to sin 1b
    2. of the temptation by which the devil sought to divert Jesus the Messiah from his divine errand
      1. of the condition of things, or a mental state, by which we are enticed to sin, or to a lapse from the faith and holiness
      2. adversity, affliction, trouble: sent by God and serving to test or prove one's character, faith, holiness
    3. temptation (i.e. trial) of God by men
      1. rebellion against God, by which his power and justice are, as it were, put to the proof and challenged to show themselves
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4531 ‑ מַסָּה (mas‑saw');  6045 ‑ עִנְיָן (in‑yawn');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (21)
Matthew
2
Mark
1
Luke
6
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
2
Galatians
1
1 Timothy
1
Hebrews
1
James
2
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
1
Revelation
1
NAS (22)
Matthew
2
Mark
1
Luke
6
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
2
Galatians
2
1 Timothy
1
Hebrews
1
James
2
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
1
Revelation
1
HCS (21)
Matthew
2
Mark
1
Luke
6
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
2
Galatians
1
1 Timothy
1
Hebrews
1
James
2
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
1
Revelation
1
BSB (21)
Matthew
2
Mark
1
Luke
6
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
2
Galatians
1
1 Timothy
1
Hebrews
1
James
2
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
1
Revelation
1
ESV (17)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
Luke
4
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
2
Galatians
1
1 Timothy
1
Hebrews
1
James
2
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
1
Revelation
1
WEB (21)
Matthew
2
Mark
1
Luke
6
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
2
Galatians
1
1 Timothy
1
Hebrews
1
James
2
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
1
Revelation
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πειρ-ασμός, ὁ,

trial, LXX De. 4.34, al., 1 Peter 4:12; οἱ ἐπὶ τῶν παθῶν π. Dsc. 1 Praef. 5; πειρασμοὶ ἐν τῇ γῇ καὶ θαλάσσῃ Cyran. 40.

2. worry, LXX Ecclesiastes 5:2.

II temptation, ib. Si. 44.20, Mark 14:38, etc.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πειρααμός , -οῦ ,

(< πειράζω ),

[in LXX for H4531, H6045;]

1. = πεῖρα , an experiment Diosc.).

2. a trial, of ethical purpose and effect, whether good or evil (v. Hort on James 1:13);

(a) in good or neutral sense: Galatians 4:14, James 1:12, 1 Peter 4:12; esp. of afflictions sent by God (Deuteronomy 7:19, Sirach 21:1-28, al.): 2 Peter 2:9, Revelation 3:10; pl., Luke 22:28, Acts 20:19, James 1:2, 1 Peter 1:6;

(b) of trial regarded as leading to sin, temptation: Luke 8:13, 1 Corinthians 10:13, 1 Timothy 6:9; of the temptation of Jesus by the devil, Luke 4:13; εἰσφέρειν (ἔρχεσθαι , εἰσέρχ -) εἰς Papyri, Matthew 6:13; Matthew 26:41, Mark 14:38, Luke 11:4; Luke 22:40; Luke 22:46;

(c) of the testing or challenge of God by man (see πειράζω , 3, c.) : Hebrews 3:8 (LXX: Psalms 95:9, where κατα τ . ἡμέραν πειρασμοῦ = H4531 the day of Massah).†

SYN.: δοκίμιον G1383.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";Persuasive speech"; in a somewhat depreciatory sense is evidently the meaning of this word in Colossians 2:4, its only occurrence in the Greek Bible : cf. the legal process, P Lips I. 40iii. 7 (iv/v A.D.), where one of the parties declares with reference to certain things that had been seized—διὰ πειθανολογίας τὰ ἁρπαγέντα ζητοῦσι κατέχειν. The adj. π (ε)ιθανός, which has often a similar connotation, occurs in CP Herm I. 7.20. See also Epict. i 8. 7 ἡ πιθανολογική, ";the art of persuasion.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πειρασμοις πειρασμοίς πειρασμοῖς πειρασμον πειρασμόν πειρασμὸν πειρασμος πειρασμός πειρασμὸς πειρασμου πειρασμού πειρασμοῦ πειρασμόυ πειρασμούς πειρασμω πειρασμώ πειρασμῷ πειρασμων πειρασμών πειρασμῶν πειραταίς πειρατεύσει πειρατήρια πειρατήριον πειρατήριόν πειρατηρίου πειράτου πειρατών peirasmo peirasmō peirasmôi peirasmō̂i peirasmois peirasmoîs peirasmon peirasmón peirasmòn peirasmôn peirasmōn peirasmō̂n peirasmos peirasmòs peirasmou peirasmoû
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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