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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3993 - πένης

Root Word (Etymology)
from a primary peno (to toil for daily subsistence)
Parts of Speech
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  1. poor
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 34 ‑ אֶבְיוֹן (eb‑yone');  1790 ‑ דַּךְ (dak);  1800 ‑ דַּל (dal);  2489 ‑ חֵלְכָא (khay‑lek‑aw', khay‑lek‑aw');  4542 ‑ מִסְכֵּן (mis‑kane');  6035 ‑ עָנָיו (aw‑nawv', aw‑nawv');  6041 ‑ עָנִי (aw‑nee');  7218 ‑ רֹאשׁ (roshe);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
2 Corinthians 1
NAS (1)
2 Corinthians 1
HCS (1)
2 Corinthians 1
BSB (1)
2 Corinthians 1
ESV (1)
2 Corinthians 1
WEB (1)
2 Corinthians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πένης, ητος, ὁ,


one who works for his living, day-labourer, poor man, opp. πλούσιος, Democr. 283; opp. δυνάμενος, Archyt. 3; πτωχοῦ μὲν γὰρ βίος.., ζῆν ἐστιν μηδὲν ἔχοντα· τοῦ δὲ πένητος ζῆν φει- δόμενον καὶ τοῖς ἔργοις προσέχοντα Ar. Pl. 553; οἱ π. αὐτῶν Hdt. 1.133, 2.47; πλούσιος ἐκ πένητος Lys. 1.4; πένητες ἄνθρωποι Hdt. 8.51; οἷ' ἀνὴρ π. S. Ph. 584; π. ἵππος X. Oec. 11.5.

II as Adj., π. δόμοι E. El. 1139: c. neut., ἐν πένητι σώματι ib. 372: c. gen., χρημάτων πένητες poor in money, ib. 38; π. φίλων Pl. 332c; π. ἀπολογίας Luc. Apol. 11: Comp. πενέστερος X. Ath. 1.13: Sup. πενέστατος D. 21.123.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πένης, πένητος, (πένομαι to work for one's living; the Latinpenuria and Greek πεινάω are akin to it (cf. Vanicek, p. 1164); hence, πένης equivalent to ἐκ πόνου καί ἐνεργείας τό ζῆν ἔχων, Etym. Magn.), poor: 2 Corinthians 9:9. (From Sophocles and Herodotus down; the Sept. for אֶבְיון, עָנִי, דַּל, רָשׁ, etc.) [SYNONYMS: πένης, πτωχός: "πένης occurs but once in the N. T., and then in a quotation from the O. T., while πτωχός occurs between thirty and forty times .... The πένης may be so poor that he earns his bread by daily labor; the πτωχός that he only obtains his living by begging." Trench, § xxxvi.; cf. Schmidt, chapter 85, 4; chapter 186.]

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πένης , -ητος ,

(<πένομαι , to work for one's daily bread),

[in LXX for H34, H6041, H1800, etc.;]

one who works for his living, a labourer, a poor man: 2 Corinthians 9:9.†

SYN.: πτωχός , properly a beggar and implying deeper poverty than Papyri (v. Tr., Syn., § xxxvi, Abbott, Essays, 78).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

With πινακίδιον, ";a writing tablet,"; in Luke 1:63 cf. the form πινάκιον in P Hal I. 1.225 (mid. iii/B.C.) ὁ δὲ καλεσάμενος γραφέτω τὴν μαρτυρίαν εἰς π [ι ]ν [ ]κι [ο ]ν, P Amh II. 126.38 (account—early ii/A.D.) τιμῆ (ς) πινακίο (υ) (δραχμὴ) α ̄ (ὀβολοὶ δύο), and Syll 790 (=.3 1157).41 (c. B.C. 100) ἀποδεχόμενοι τὰ πινάκια παρὰ τῶν μαντευομένων.

Πινακίς, which is a v.l. in Lk l.c., may be illustrated from P Ryl II. 144.19 (A.D. 38) ἀπώλεσα πινακείδα, ";I lost a writing-tablet,"; and P Leid Wiii. 5 (ii/iii A.D.) (= II. p. 89) ἔχε δὲ πινακείτα (l. πινακείδα) εἰς ἣ μέλεις τρφιν (l. μέλλεις γράφειν) ὅσα σοι λέγει. See also Gnomon 36 (c. A.D. 150) (= BGU V. I. p.13) κατὰ πινα ̣κ ̣ίδας Ἑλληνικάς, ";auf griechischen Tafeln,"; and Artem. p. 148.27.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πένης πενησιν πένησιν πένητα πένητας πένητες πένητι πένητος πενήτων penesin penēsin pénesin pénēsin
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