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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #34 - אֶבְיוֹן
1) in want, needy, chiefly poor, needy person
2) subject to oppression and abuse
3) needing help, deliverance from trouble, especially as delivered by God
4) general reference to lowest class
1033) ib (בי BY) AC: Need CO: Empty AB: Sorrow: The pictograph b , a picture of the house represents what is inside. The i is the hand. When combined these mean "inside the hand". An empty hand desiring to be filled. This root is closely related to aband eb.
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
(1) needy, poor, so called from the idea of needing (see the root אָבָה No. 2 ), Deuteronomy 15:4, 7:11. Sons of the needy, for the needy, Psalms 72:4 see בֵּן.
(2) oppressed, wretched, often with the addition of the synonym עָנִי Psal. 40:18, וַאֲנִי עָנִי וְאֶבְיוֹן “and I (am) afflicted and wretched;” Ps. 70:6 86:1 109:22. Specially, like עָנִי used of one who suffers undeservedly, although a pious worshipper of God (whence Amos 2:6, צַדַּיק and אֶבְיוֹן are joined); used also of a whole nation succumbing to miseries, as of the Israelites in exile, Isaiah 41:17 comp. 25:4. In the same signification the sect of the Ebionites adopted this name, as assuming that they were ἐκ τῶν πτωχῶν ὧν ἐστιν ἡ βασιλεία τῶν οὐρανῶν, Matthew 5:3.
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