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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #34 - אֶבְיוֹן

Transliteration
ʼebyôwn
Phonetics
eb-yone'
Origin
from (H14), in the sense of want (especially in feeling)
Parts of Speech
adjective
TWOT
3a
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אֲבִיּוֹנָה
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

  1. in want, needy, chiefly poor, needy person
  2. subject to oppression and abuse
  3. needing help, deliverance from trouble, especially as delivered by God
  4. general reference to lowest class

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 102 ‑ ἀδύνατος (ad‑oo'‑nat‑os);  120 ‑ ἀθυμέω (ath‑oo‑meh'‑o);  318 ‑ ἀνάγκη (an‑ang‑kay');  435 ‑ ἀνήρ (an'‑ayr);  560 ‑ ἀπελπίζω (ap‑el‑pid'‑zo);  772 ‑ ἀσθενής (as‑then‑ace');  1729 ‑ ἐνδεής (en‑deh‑ace');  3993 ‑ πένης (pen'‑ace);  4434 ‑ πτωχός (pto‑khos');  5011 ‑ ταπεινός (tap‑i‑nos');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (56)
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 7
1 Samuel 1
Esther 1
Job 5
Psalms 21
Proverbs 3
Isaiah 5
Jeremiah 4
Ezekiel 3
Amos 5
BSB (61)
Exodus 2
Deuteronomy 7
1 Samuel 1
Esther 1
Job 6
Psalms 23
Proverbs 4
Isaiah 5
Jeremiah 4
Ezekiel 3
Amos 5
CSB (59)
Exodus 2
Deuteronomy 7
1 Samuel 1
Esther 1
Job 6
Psalms 23
Proverbs 4
Isaiah 5
Jeremiah 4
Ezekiel 3
Amos 5
ESV (61)
Exodus 2
Deuteronomy 7
1 Samuel 1
Esther 1
Job 6
Psalms 23
Proverbs 4
Isaiah 5
Jeremiah 4
Ezekiel 3
Daniel 1
Amos 5
KJV (61)
Exodus 2
Deuteronomy 7
1 Samuel 1
Esther 1
Job 6
Psalms 23
Proverbs 4
Isaiah 5
Jeremiah 4
Ezekiel 3
Amos 5
LEB (60)
Exodus 2
Deuteronomy 7
1 Samuel 1
Esther 1
Job 6
Psalms 22
Proverbs 4
Isaiah 5
Jeremiah 4
Ezekiel 3
Amos 5
LSB (65)
Exodus 2
Deuteronomy 9
1 Samuel 1
Esther 1
Job 6
Psalms 23
Proverbs 4
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 5
Ezekiel 3
Amos 5
N95 (40)
Exodus 2
Deuteronomy 7
1 Samuel 1
Esther 1
Job 6
Proverbs 4
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 5
Ezekiel 3
Amos 5
NAS (64)
Exodus 2
Deuteronomy 7
1 Samuel 1
Esther 1
Job 6
Psalms 23
Proverbs 4
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 5
Ezekiel 3
Amos 5
NLT (0)
The World English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
WEB (57)
Exodus 2
Deuteronomy 8
1 Samuel 1
Esther 1
Job 5
Psalms 19
Proverbs 4
Isaiah 5
Jeremiah 4
Ezekiel 3
Amos 5
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1033) ib (בי BY) AC: Need CO: Empty AB: Sorrow: The pictograph b , a picture of the house represents what is inside. The i is the hand. When combined these mean "inside the hand". An empty hand desiring to be filled. This root is closely related to aband eb.

A) ib (בי BY) AC: ? CO: ? AB: ?

Nm ) ib (בי BY) - Excuse Me: Used as an introduction for an entreaty or request. KJV (12): O, oh, alas - Strongs: H994 (בִּי)

C) iba (אבי ABY) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Need: A void within oneself that desires to be filled.

cm) ifba (אבוי ABWY) - Sorrow: A pain of desire. KJV (1): sorrow - Strongs: H17 (אֲבוֹי)

jm) nfiba (אביונ ABYWN) - Poor: One who is in need. KJV (61): needy, poor, beggar - Strongs: H34 (אֶבְיוֹן)

jf1) enfiba (אביונה ABYWNH) - Desire: Something looking to be filled. KJV (1): desire - Strongs: H35 (אֲבִיּוֹנָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 אֶבְיוֺן adjective in want, needy, poor, — Song of Solomon , always absolute, Deuteronomy 15:4 40t; אֶבְיֹנְךָ Exodus 23:6; Deuteronomy 15:11; אֶבְיוֺנִים Amos 4:1 14t.; (אֶבְיֹנֵי) אֶבְיוֺנֵי Exodus 23:11; Isaiah 29:19; אֶבְיוֺנֶיהָ Psalm 132:15—; (Hexateuch only J E D; mostly poetry, 23t. Psalm) needy, chiefly poor (in material things); as adjective Deuteronomy 15:7 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 15:9; Deuteronomy 24:14; Psalm 109:16 (both "" עָנִי); elsewhere substantive; Psalm 49:3 ("" עָשִׁיר); Deuteronomy 15:4,11; subject to oppression & abuse Amos 2:6; Amos 5:12 (both "" צַדִּיק) Amos 4:1; Amos 8:6 (all "" דַּל) Isaiah 32:7; Amos 8:4; Ezekiel 16:49; Ezekiel 18:12; Ezekiel 22:29; Psalm 37:14; Job 24:4,14; Proverbs 30:14 — compare Psalm 109:16 above — (all "" עָנִי) Jeremiah 5:28 ("" יָתוֺם) Jeremiah 2:34; cared for by good Job 29:16; Job 30:25 ("" קְשֵׁהיֿוֺם) Job 31:19; Psalm 112:9; Esther 9:22; Proverbs 14:31 ("" דַּל) Proverbs 31:20; Jeremiah 22:16 ("" עָנִי); care of them enjoined, negatively Exodus 23:6; — compare Deuteronomy 24:14 above — positively Exodus 23:11; Deuteronomy 15:11; Proverbs 31:9 (both "" עָנִי) — compare Deuteronomy 15:7 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 15:9 above — Psalm 82:4 ("" דַּל); cared for by God Jeremiah 20:13; Psalm 107:41; Psalm 132:15; Job 5:15; 1 Samuel 2:8 = Psalm 113:7; Isaiah 14:30 (all "" דַּל) Psalm 35:10; Psalm 140:13 (both "" עָנִי), compare Davidic king Psalm 72:12 ("" עָנִי) = Psalm 72:4 ׳בְּנֵי אֶבְ ("" id.), Psalm 72:13 (twice in verse); ("" דַּל); needing help, deliverance from trouble, especially as delivered by God Psalm 9:19; Psalm 12:6; Psalm 40:18 = Psalm 70:6; Psalm 74:21; Psalm 86:1; Psalm 109:22; Isaiah 29:19; Isaiah 41:17 (all "" עָנִי) Isaiah 25:4 ("" דַּל) Psalm 69:34; Psalm 109:31.


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אֶבְיוֹן adj.

(1)  needy, poor, so called from the idea of needing (see the root אָבָה No. 2 ), Deuteronomy 15:4, 7:11. Sons of the needy, for the needy, Psalms 72:4 see בֵּן.

(2) oppressed, wretched, often with the addition of the synonym עָנִי Psal. 40:18, וַאֲנִי עָנִי וְאֶבְיוֹן “and I (am) afflicted and wretched;” Ps. 70:6 86:1 109:22. Specially, like עָנִי used of one who suffers undeservedly, although a pious worshipper of God (whence Amos 2:6, צַדַּיק and אֶבְיוֹן are joined); used also of a whole nation succumbing to miseries, as of the Israelites in exile, Isaiah 41:17 comp. 25:4. In the same signification the sect of the Ebionites adopted this name, as assuming that they were ἐκ τῶν πτωχῶν ὧν ἐστιν ἡ βασιλεία τῶν οὐρανῶν, Matthew 5:3.


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List of Word Forms
אֶ֝בְיוֹנֶ֗יהָ אֶבְי֑וֹן אֶבְי֔וֹן אֶבְי֖וֹן אֶבְי֜וֹן אֶבְי֣וֹן אֶבְי֫וֹנִ֥ים אֶבְיֹנְךָ֖ אֶבְיֹנִֽים׃ אֶבְיֹנֵ֣י אֶבְיֽוֹן׃ אֶבְיוֹנִ֑ים אֶבְיוֹנִ֖ים אֶבְיוֹנִ֣ים אביון אביון׃ אביוניה אביונים אביני אבינים׃ אבינך הָֽאֶבְי֔וֹן הָאֶבְיֽוֹן׃ האביון האביון׃ וְ֝אֶבְי֗וֹן וְ֝אֶבְיוֹנִ֗ים וְ֭אֶבְיוֹן וְאֶבְי֑וֹן וְאֶבְי֖וֹן וְאֶבְי֣וֹן וְאֶבְיֽוֹן׃ וְאֶבְיוֹן֙ וְאֶבְיוֹן֮ וְאֶבְיוֹנִ֖ים וְאֶבְיוֹנֵ֣י וְהָאֶבְיוֹנִ֜ים וּלְאֶבְיֹנְךָ֖ ואביון ואביון׃ ואביוני ואביונים והאביונים ולאבינך לָֽאֶבְיֽוֹן׃ לָֽאֶבְיוֹנִ֑ים לָֽאֶבְיוֹנִֽים׃ לָאֶבְי֖וֹן לָאֶבְיֽוֹן׃ לָאֶבְיוֹנִ֗ים לאביון לאביון׃ לאביונים לאביונים׃ ’eḇ·yō·nê ’eḇ·yō·nə·ḵā ’eḇ·yō·nîm ’eḇ·yō·w·ne·hā ’eḇ·yō·w·nîm ’eḇ·yō·wn ’eḇyōnê ’eḇyōnəḵā ’eḇyōnîm ’eḇyōwn ’eḇyōwnehā ’eḇyōwnîm evYon evyoneCha evyoNei evyoNeiha evyoNim hā’eḇyōwn hā·’eḇ·yō·wn haevYon lā’eḇyōwn lā’eḇyōwnîm lā·’eḇ·yō·w·nîm lā·’eḇ·yō·wn laevYon LaevyoNim ū·lə·’eḇ·yō·nə·ḵā ūlə’eḇyōnəḵā uleevyoneCha veevYon veevyoNei veevyoNim vehaevyoNim wə’eḇyōwn wə’eḇyōwnê wə’eḇyōwnîm wə·’eḇ·yō·w·nê wə·’eḇ·yō·w·nîm wə·’eḇ·yō·wn wə·hā·’eḇ·yō·w·nîm wəhā’eḇyōwnîm
 
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