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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3998 - πενιχρός
Prolonged from the base of G3993
πενιχρός , -ά , -όν
(< πένομαι , see πένης ),
chiefly in Comic poets and late prose (but Plato, Rep., 578 A), = πένης ,
needy, poor: Luke 21:2 (for ex. in Papyri, v. MM, xix).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
";fall down,"; (1) of things—P Petr II, 13 (3).2 (B.C. 258–3) τὸ πρὸς νότον [τ ]οῦ ὀχυρώματος τεῖχος μέρος μέν τι αὐτοῦ πεπτωκός ἐστιν, ";the wall to the south of the prison, part of it has fallen"; (Ed.); (2) of persons—P Oxy III. 475.25 (A.D. 182) ἔπεσεν καὶ ἐτελε [ύ ]τησεν, ";he fell and was killed,"; the report of an accident.
Πέπτωκεν is common = ";paid"; in documents of iii–ii B.C. : cf. P Lond 1200.2 (B.C. 192 or 168) (= III. p. 2) πέπτωκεν ἐπὶ τὴν ἐν Διοσπόλει τῆι μεγαλῆι τράπεζαν, ";paid into the bank at Diospolis Magna,"; and P Fay 17.1 (B.C. 121), P Tebt I. 101.1 (B.C. 120) with the editors’ notes. See also P Hib I. 66.2 (B.C. 228) ( = Witkowski.2, p. 38) πίπτει [σοι ] (";tibi solvitur"; ) ἐν ̣ τοῖς κατὰ σὲ τόποις εἰκοστή, and Wilcken Ostr. i. p. 64. For a somewhat similar use of πέπτωκεν in dockets attached to contracts etc. cf. P Tebt II. 279.1 (B.C. 231) πέπτωκεν εἰς κιβωτὸν τὸ συνάλλαγμα ἐν Τεβτύνει, ";there has been placed in the chest at Tebtunis the contract of nurture.";
For the form πέσατε in Luke 23:30, Revelation 6:16, see Robertson Gr. p. 338 f., for the difficult ἐπέσαντο in Ev. Petr. 5, see Swete ad l., and for the timeless aorists in Luke 10:18 (πεσόντα) and Revelation 18:2 (ἔπεσεν), see Proleg. p. 134. Callimachus Ep. lvi. 4 (A.P. vi, 148) Ἕσπερε, πῶς ἔπεσες —a striking verbal resemblance to Isaiah 14:12.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Fifth Week after Easter