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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #4027 - περικάθαρμα
- off scouring, refuse
- the most abject and despicable men
- the price of expiation or redemption, because the Greeks used to apply the term "katharmata" to victims sacrificed to make expiation for the people, and even to criminals who were maintained at the public expense, that on the outbreak of a pestilence or other calamity they might be offered as sacrifices to make expiation for the state
περικᾰθᾰρ-μα, ατος, τό,
expiation, ib. Proverbs 21:18 .
II = κάθαρμα 1.2, περικαθάρματα τοῦ κόσμου Cor. 4.13, cf. Arr. Epict. 3.22.78 .
† περι -κάθαρμα , -τος , τό
(< περικαθαίρω , to purify on all sides or completely, Deuteronomy 18:10, Joshua 5:4, 4 Maccabees 1:29*),
[in LXX: Proverbs 21:18 (H3724)*;]
1. a victim, expiation (Pr, l.c).
2. refuse, rubbish: pl., 1 Corinthians 4:13 (v. ICC, in l).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
";blow"; : cf. Chrest. II. 6.9 (B.C. 246) πληγάς μοι ἐνέβαλεν, P Tebt I. 44.19 (B.C. 114) ἔδωκεν πληγὰς πλείους ἧι [ε ]ἶχεν ῥάβδωι, P Fay 12.17 (c. B.C. 103) ἤγαγον μεθ᾽ ὕβρεως καὶ π ̣λ ̣η ̣γ ̣ῶν, ";they dragged me away with insults and blows,"; and P Tebt II. 331.10 (c. A.D. 131) ἐ ]πήνεγκά [ν μο ]ι ̣ πληγὰς εἰς πᾶν μέλ [ο ]ς το [ῦ σ ]ώματος. Add from the law of astynomy at Pergamum, carved on stone in the time of Trajan, OGIS 483.177, αὐτὸς μαστιγούσθω ἐν τῶι κύφωνι (";the pillory";) πληγαῖς πεντήκοντα, and see also Syll 737 (= .3 1109).84 (A.D. 178) ἐὰν δέ τις ἄχρι πληγῶν ἔλθῃ, ἀπογραφέστω ὁ πληγεὶς πρὸς τὸν ἱερέα ἢ τὸν ἀνθιερέα.
For the ellipsis of πληγάς in Luke 12:47, 2 Corinthians 11:24, cf. Herodas III. 77, V. 33 (with Headlam’s notes).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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