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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4027 - περικάθαρμα

Transliteration
perikátharma
Phonetics
per-ee-kath'-ar-mah
Origin
from a compound of (G4012) and (G2508)
Parts of Speech
neuter noun
TDNT
3:430,381
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περικαλύπτω
Definition   
Thayer's
  1. off scouring, refuse
  2. metaph.
    1. the most abject and despicable men
    2. the price of expiation or redemption, because the Greeks used to apply the term "katharmata" to victims sacrificed to make expiation for the people, and even to criminals who were maintained at the public expense, that on the outbreak of a pestilence or other calamity they might be offered as sacrifices to make expiation for the state
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3724 ‑ כֹּפֶר (ko'‑fer);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (1)
1 Corinthians 1
BSB (1)
1 Corinthians 1
CSB (1)
1 Corinthians 1
ESV (1)
1 Corinthians 1
KJV (1)
1 Corinthians 1
LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
LSB (1)
1 Corinthians 1
N95 (1)
1 Corinthians 1
NAS (1)
1 Corinthians 1
NLT (1)
1 Corinthians 1
WEB (1)
1 Corinthians 1
YLT (1)
1 Corinthians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

περικᾰθᾰρ-μα, ατος, τό,

expiation, ib. Proverbs 21:18 .

II = κάθαρμα 1.2, περικαθάρματα τοῦ κόσμου Cor. 4.13, cf. Arr. Epict. 3.22.78 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

περικάθαρμα, περικαθαρματος, τό (περικαθαίρω, to cleanse on all sides (περί, III. 1)), off-scouring, refuse: plural, τά περικαθάρματα τοῦ κόσμου (A. V., the filth of the world), metaphorically, the most abject and despicable men, 1 Corinthians 4:13. (Epictetus diss. 3, 22, 78;purgamenta urbis, Curt. 8, 5, 8; 10, 2, 7; (see Wetstein on 1 Corinthians, the passage cited); the Sept. once for כֹּפֶר, the price of expiation or redemption, Proverbs 21:18, because the Greeks used to apply the term καθαρματα to victims sacrificed to make expiation for the people, and even to criminals who were maintained at the public expense, that on the outbreak of a pestilence or other calamity they might be offered as sacrifices to make expiation for the state.)

STRONGS NT 4027a: περικαθίζω περικαθίζω: 1 aorist participle περικαθισας;

1. in classical Greek transitive, to bid or make to sit around, to invest, besiege, a city, a fortress.

2. intransitive, to sit around, be seated around ; so in Luke 22:55 Lachmann text


Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

περι -κάθαρμα , -τος , τό

(< περικαθαίρω , to purify on all sides or completely, Deuteronomy 18:10, Joshua 5:4, 4 Maccabees 1:29*),

[in LXX: Proverbs 21:18 (H3724)*;]

1. a victim, expiation (Pr, l.c).

2. refuse, rubbish: pl., 1 Corinthians 4:13 (v. ICC, in l).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";blow"; : cf. Chrest. II. 6.9 (B.C. 246) πληγάς μοι ἐνέβαλεν, P Tebt I. 44.19 (B.C. 114) ἔδωκεν πληγὰς πλείους ἧι [ε ]ἶχεν ῥάβδωι, P Fay 12.17 (c. B.C. 103) ἤγαγον μεθ᾽ ὕβρεως καὶ π ̣λ ̣η ̣γ ̣ῶν, ";they dragged me away with insults and blows,"; and P Tebt II. 331.10 (c. A.D. 131) ]πήνεγκά [ν μο ]ι ̣ πληγὰς εἰς πᾶν μέλ [ο ]ς το [ῦ σ ]ώματος. Add from the law of astynomy at Pergamum, carved on stone in the time of Trajan, OGIS 483.177, αὐτὸς μαστιγούσθω ἐν τῶι κύφωνι (";the pillory";) πληγαῖς πεντήκοντα, and see also Syll 737 (= .3 1109).84 (A.D. 178) ἐὰν δέ τις ἄχρι πληγῶν ἔλθῃ, ἀπογραφέστω ὁ πληγεὶς πρὸς τὸν ἱερέα ἢ τὸν ἀνθιερέα.

For the ellipsis of πληγάς in Luke 12:47, 2 Corinthians 11:24, cf. Herodas III. 77, V. 33 (with Headlam’s notes).

 


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
περιεκάθηντο περιεκάθητο περιεκάθισαν περιεκάθισε περιεκάθισεν περικάθαρμα περικαθαρματα περικαθάρματα περικαθιείς περικάθισαν περικαθίσης perikatharmata perikathármata
 
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