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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4049 - περισπάω

from (G4012) and (G4685)
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  1. to draw around, to draw away, distract
  2. metaph.
    1. to be driven about mentally, to be distracted
    2. to be over-occupied, too busy, about a thing
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6030 ‑ עָנָה (aw‑naw');  8058 ‑ שָׁמַט (shaw‑mat');  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


fut. -σπάσω D.S. 20.3, A.D. Pron. 87.15:

draw off from around, strip off, Isoc. Ep. 9.10; τὸ χλαμύδιον αὑτοῦ π . D.S. 19.9, etc.: Med., strip oneself of, τὴν τιάραν X. Cyr. 3.1.13 (so also in Act., π. τὴν πορφύραν Plu. Aem. 23 ).

2. strip bare, περισπάσας ξίφος (Pierson χερὶ σπάσας ) E. IT 296 .

II wheel about, of a general, Plb. 1.76.5; intr. of the troops, Id. 3.116.5; esp. wheel twice through a right angle, Ascl. Tact. 12.6,al.; of a horse's bit, οὐ πάνυ π . not pulling it violently round, Luc. Merc.Cond. 21 .

III draw off or away, divert, εἰς τοὐναντίον [τὴν πολιτείαν ] Arist. Pol. 1307a24; τροφὴν εἰς τὸ περικάρπιον Thphr. CP 1.16.2; π. τοὺς Ῥωμαίους Plb. 9.22.5; τὸν πόλεμον Id. 1.26.1; π. τὴν δύναμιν αὐτοῦ draw it away, Plu. Cic. 45; ἀπὸ τῆς πατρίδος π. τοὺς βαρβάρους D.S. 20.3; τὸν ἐντὸς . . θόρυβον ἐπὶ τοὺς ἔξω πολέμους D.H. 6.23; π. περὶ τὰς ἔξω στρατείας τὸν δῆμον Id. 9.43: Pass., π. ὑπό τινων PStrassb. 112.13 (ii B. C.); πάντῃ τὰς ὄψεις περισπώμενος Luc. DDeor. 30.11; ἕως τοῦ ἔξω τόπου π . to be drawn away and expanded, opp. συστέλλεσθαι, Arist. Pr. 863a5 . detach, Συρίαν τινός App. Syr. 1, cf. Hann. 56; τινὰς αὐτοῦ τῶν ἀκροατῶν Phld. Acad.Ind. p.79 M.

2. disturb, vex, Men. Epit. 504, LXX Ecclesiastes 5:19 : Pass., ὑπὸ τῶν τελωνῶν PSI 3.384.5 (ii B. C.) .

3. divert, distract, Plu. 2.96b, 16oc; π. [τὴν διάνοιαν] ἀπό τινος Metrod. Herc. 831.4, cf. Phld. Rh. 2.53 S., al., Onos. 42.6: Pass., to be distracted or engaged, π. ταῖς διανοίαις Plb. 15.3.4; ὑπὸ βιωτικῆς χρείας D.S. 2.29, cf. Phld. Po.Herc. 994.24, al.; μηδ' ὑφ' ἑνὸς περισπωμένη ἡ πόλις IG 22.1304.7; περί τινος LXX Si. 41.2; περὶ πολλὴν διακονίαν Ev.Luke 10:40 : abs., Plb. 4.10.3 .

4. steal, ἀργυροῦν ἢ χρυσοῦν ἀνάθημα Philostr. Gym. 45: Pass., ἅπαντα περιέσπασμαι I have been robbed of all, Men. Epit. 143 .

5. Pass., c. inf., to be compelled to do a thing, περιησπάσθην (sic) ἀνενεγκεῖν PUniv.Giss. 19.4 (i A. D.) . Gramm., pronounce a vowel or word with the circumflex, A.D. Pron. 33.24, al., Plu. Thes. 26, etc.; esp. on the last syllable, Ath. 2.52f, etc.; π. τὸν τόνον A.D. Pron. 87.15; τῷ τόνῳ Gal. 16.495; περισπώμεναι [λέξεις ] D.H. Comp. 11; π. [προσῳδία ] D.T. 630.2, Ph. 1.29; περισπώμενος [φθόγγος ] ib. 46 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

περισπάω, περίσπω: imperfect passive 3 person singular περιεσπᾶτο; from Xenophon down; to draw around (περί, III. 1), to draw away, distract; passive metaphorically, to be driven about mentally, to be distracted: περί τί, i. e. to be over-occupied, too busy, about a thing, Luke 10:40 (A. V. cumbered); in the same sense with τῇ διάνοια added, Polybius 3, 105, 1; 4, 10, 3; Diodorus 1, 74; περισπαν τόν ἀργόν δῆμον περί τάς ἔξω στρατείας, Dionysius Halicarnassus, Antiquities 9, 43; passive, to be distracted with cares, to be troubled, distressed (cf. Winer's Grammar, 23), for עָנָה, Ecclesiastes 1:13; Ecclesiastes 3:10.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

περι -σπάω , - ,

[in LXX chiefly for H6030;]

to draw around, draw off or away. Metaph., to distract: pass., Luke 10:40.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This masc. noun passes into the neuter declension in Hellenistic Greek (Proleg., p. 60), and is so used octies by Paul, generally in a figurative sense. For the literal usage in 1 Timothy 6:17, cf. P Flor III. 367.11 (iii/A.D.) πλούτῳ γαυρωθείς, P Fay 20.13 (iii/iv A.D.) οὐ διὰ περιουσίαν πλούτου, and Syll 553 (= .3 589).30 (B.C. 196) ὑπέρ τε εἰρήνης καὶ πλούτου καὶ σίτου φορᾶς.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
περιέσπασεν περιεσπατο περιεσπάτο περιεσπᾶτο περισπά περισπάσθαι περισπόρια periespato periespâto
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