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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #8058 - שָׁמַט

Transliteration
shâmaṭ
Phonetics
shaw-mat'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
verb
TWOT
2408
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שִׂמְחָה
 
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שְׁמִטָּה
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

  1. to release, let drop or loose or rest or fall
    1. (Qal) to let drop or fall
    2. (Niphal) to be made to fall down, be thrown down
    3. (Hiphil)
      1. to cause to let drop
      2. to release, let drop

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2947 ‑ κυλίω (koo‑lee‑o'‑o);  863 ‑ ἀφίημι (af‑ee'‑ay‑mee);  1578 ‑ ἐκκλίνω (ek‑klee'‑no);  4049 ‑ περισπάω (per‑ee‑spah'‑o);  2666 ‑ καταπίνω (kat‑ap‑ee'‑no);  859 ‑ ἄφεσις (af'‑es‑is);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (9)
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 2
2 Samuel 1
2 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 1
Psalms 1
Jeremiah 1
BSB (9)
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 2
2 Samuel 1
2 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 1
Psalms 1
Jeremiah 1
CSB (9)
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 2
2 Samuel 1
2 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 1
Psalms 1
Jeremiah 1
ESV (9)
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 2
2 Samuel 1
2 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 1
Psalms 1
Jeremiah 1
KJV (9)
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 2
2 Samuel 1
2 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 1
Psalms 1
Jeremiah 1
LEB (8)
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 2
2 Samuel 1
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
Psalms 1
Jeremiah 1
LSB (14)
Exodus 2
Deuteronomy 2
2 Samuel 1
2 Kings 4
1 Chronicles 1
Psalms 2
Jeremiah 2
N95 (12)
Exodus 2
Deuteronomy 2
2 Samuel 1
2 Kings 4
1 Chronicles 1
Jeremiah 2
NAS (14)
Exodus 2
Deuteronomy 2
2 Samuel 1
2 Kings 4
1 Chronicles 1
Psalms 2
Jeremiah 2
NLT (0)
The World English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
WEB (8)
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 1
2 Samuel 1
2 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 1
Psalms 1
Jeremiah 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2849) ums (סהמתה ShMTh) AC: Shake CO: ? AB: ?: A letting go or throwing down by shaking loose. [from: ms- destruction]

V) ums (סהמתה ShMTh) - Shake: To shake to throw off, loosen or release. KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) release, throw, shake, stumble, discontinue, overthrow - Strongs: H8058 (שָׁמַט)

Nf1) eums (סהמתהה ShMThH) - Release: As shaken off. KJV (5): release - Strongs: H8059 (שְׁמִטָּה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [שָׁמַט] verb let drop (Late Hebrew id., loosen, detach, draw away, Niph`al slip off; Aramaic שְׁמַטּ loosen, pull away; draw sword, draw or pull away; Arabic ; is hang, suspend, II. release debtor (Kam), string of pearls); —

Qal let drop, fall: Imperative masculine plural suffix + Imperfect 3 masculine singular suffix וַיִּשְׁמְטוּהָ (final ו dittograph) שִׁמְטוּהָו 2 Kings 9:33 he said, Let her fall, and they let her fall; then figurative, of letting land rest in seventh year:, 2 masculine singular suffix: תִּשְׁמְטֶנָּה Exodus 23:11 (E); Perfect 2 masculine singular וְשָׁמַטְתָּ֫ה> Jeremiah 17:4 thou shalt let drop thy hand (read יָָֽרְךָ for וּבְךְ JDMich and modern) from (מִן) thine inheritance, i.e. abandon it; Infinitive abs. שָׁמוֺט Deuteronomy 15:2 let fall (a debt in seventh year; see מַשֶּׁה b). — Perfect 3 plural שָֽׁמְטוּ הַבָּקָר 2 Samuel 6:6= 1 Chronicles 13:9 is dubious, most naturally either they let the oxen fall (slip, stumble), or (as Targan) the oxen let it fall (reading שְׁמָטוֺ, that Isaiah , the ark); > Thes the oxen ran away; ᵑ6 slipped (the yoke)? see further Dr.

Niph`al Perfect 3 plural נִשְׁמְטוּ Psalm 141:6 their judges have been thrown down.

Hiph`il 2 masculine singular (?) jussive (?) תַּשְׁמֵט Deuteronomy 15:3 thou, shalt cause thy hand to let drop, etc.; Ba NB 147

Qal; < read תִּשְׁמֹט (compare Dr), יָרֶ֑ךָ: subject


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שָׁמַט

(1) pr. i.q. שָׁמַץ to smite, to strike; also, to cast, to throw down, compare Arab. شمص to strike, to thrust, and to urge on a beast violently. (To this answers the Germ. vulg. fchmeißen, to strike and to cast; Anglo-Sax. smitan; Engl. to smite; rejecting the sibilant, mittere.) Hence

(a) 2 Samuel 6:6, כִּי שָֽׁמְטוּ הַבָּקָר “for the oxen kicked,” were restive (die Rinder fchlugen, fchmißen aus). Vulg. calcitrabant. The other interpretations of this passage are discussed by Bochart, Hieroz. t. i. page 372.

(b) to cast, to throw down (any one from a window into the street), 2 Kings 9:33.

(2) to fall, to let lie

(a) a field untilled, Exodus 23:11.

(b) to remit a debt, Deuteronomy 15:2.

(c) followed by מִן to desist from anything, Jeremiah 17:4.

Niphal, pass. of Kal No. 1, to be cast down, precipitated (from a rock), Psalms 141:6.

Hiphil, i.q. Kal No. 2, b, to remit, Deuteronomy 15:3. Hence


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List of Word Forms
וְשָׁמַטְתָּ֗ה וַֽיִּשְׁמְט֑וּהָ וישמטוה ושמטתה נִשְׁמְט֣וּ נשמטו שָֽׁמְט֖וּ שָׁמ֗וֹט שָׁמְט֖וּ שִׁמְט֖וּהָ שמוט שמטו שמטוה תִּשְׁמְטֶ֣נָּה תַּשְׁמֵ֥ט תשמט תשמטנה niš·mə·ṭū nishmeTu nišməṭū šā·mə·ṭū šā·mō·wṭ šāməṭū šāmōwṭ shameTu shaMot shimTuha šim·ṭū·hā šimṭūhā taš·mêṭ tashMet tašmêṭ tiš·mə·ṭen·nāh tishmeTennah tišməṭennāh vaiyishmeTuha veshamatTah way·yiš·mə·ṭū·hā wayyišməṭūhā wə·šā·maṭ·tāh wəšāmaṭtāh
 
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