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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #6030 - עָנָה
1) to answer, respond, testify, speak, shout
1a1) to answer, respond to
1a2) to testify, respond as a witness
1b1) to make answer
1b2) to be answered, receive answer
2) (Qal) to sing, utter tunefully
3) (Qal) to dwell
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3 feminine singular consecutive וְעָנָה֫ (read וְעָ֫נָה ?) Isaiah 13:22 and jackals shall dwell, etc. (on agreement see Ges§ 145k; "" שׁכן Isaiah 13:21), so ᵐ5 Buhl; Che Heb.Hpt.124 וְשָֽׁכְנוּ; > ᵑ6ᵑ7 ᵑ9 and others √ IV. ענה. — Psalm 87:7 see מַעְיָן.
I. עָנָה verb answer, respond (Late Hebrew id., respond, make response; ᵑ7עֲנָא; Syriac , Old Aramaic, Palmyrene ענה; compare Arabic , , intend by saying); —
Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳ע Micah 6:5 +; suffix עָנַנִי 1 Samuel 28:15 +, עָנָךְ Isaiah 30:19; Jeremiah 23:37, עָנָהוּ 1 Samuel 9:17 +; 1 singular עָנִיתִי Hosea 14:9, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יַעֲנֶה Genesis 41:16 +, וַיַּעַן Amos 7:14 +, suffix יַעֲנֵנִי Job 20:3 +, etc.; Imperative עֲנֵה Micah 6:3; Proverbs 26:5 etc.; Infinitive construct עֲנוֺת Genesis 45:3 + [ 2 Samuel 22:36 see עֲנָוָה]; Participle עֹנֶה Judges 19:28 +, etc.; —
1 answer, respond to something said, actual or implied, Judges 8:8; 1 Samuel 4:20; Job 9:15 +; especially
a. of men, with accusative of person Genesis 45:3 (E), Judges 5:29; 2 Kings 18:36 = Isaiah 36:21; Job 5:1 + very often (c. 110t.); specifically be responsive, i.e. answer kindly, grant request 1 Kings 12:7 (suffix person); = be amenable, docile (toward ׳י) Hosea 2:17 (of Israel in figure); seldom and late, with accusative of thing replied to, Job 32:12; Job 33:13 (De Di Bu), Job 40:2.
b. of God answering (graciously): usually with accusative of person; by oracle 1 Samuel 14:37; 1 Samuel 28:6,15 +, figurative Habakkuk 2:11; by deed 1 Samuel 7:9; 1 Kings 18:37 (twice in verse), compare בָּאֵשׁ 1 Kings 18:24; 1 Chronicles 21:26, and especially Hosea 2:23; Hosea 2:24; Hosea 14:9, see also Micah 3:4; Isaiah 41:17; Isaiah 49:8; Jeremiah 33:3; Job 12:4 +, especially Psalm , e.g. Job 3:5; Job 4:2; Job 20:2 33t., etc. (in all approximately 77t.).
c. rarely with accusative, or clause, of answer:אֶתשְֿׁלוֺם מַּרְעֹה ׳אלהים יַע Genesis 41:16; Job 15:2; Proverbs 18:23; Nehemiah 8:6 they responded, Amen ! 2 Samuel 19:43 they made reply against Israel (with עַל against, only here), + quoted answer; with accusative of person + answer 1 Samuel 20:28 Jonathan answered Saul, David asked leave, etc.; with 2. accusative (c. 20t.) 2 Kings 18:36 = Isaiah 36:21; Job 23:5 +; so = grant, vouchsafe to, נוֺרָאוֺת תַּעֲנֵנוּ Psalm 65:6 terrible things dost thou [׳י] vouchsafe to us.
d. often + אָמַר Genesis 18:27 Abraham answered and said, Exodus 4:1 (J), Exodus 19:8 (E), Job 4:1; Job 6:1 etc.; + אָמַר אֶלֿ Genesis 27:39 16t.; + לְ׳א Genesis 27:37 8t.; ׳י + accusative of person + אמר, 1 Samuel 9:8 he answered Saul and said, + 23t. (in all approximately 130t.); seldom + לֵאמֹר Numbers 32:31 (P), ׳ע + accusative of person + ׳עא Genesis 23:5,10,14 (P), Genesis 41:16; Genesis 42:22 (E), Joshua 1:16 (D) .
e. seldom +דִּבֶּר Joshua 22:21 (P), 2 Kings 1:10,11,12; ׳ע + accusative of person + ׳ר Genesis 34:13 (P).
2. a. respond to an occasion, speak in view of circumstances : 1 Samuel 9:17 (accusative of person + quotation), Judges 18:14 ( + אָמַר), Numbers 11:28 (J E; + id.), 2 Kings 1:11 (+ id.), + 19t.
b figurative יַעֲנֶה אֶתהַֿכֹּל Ecclesiastes 10:19; money meets all demands.
3. a. specifically respond as a witness, testify, so perhaps participleעֹנֶה (absolute) Malachi 2:12 (in good sense); with בְּ person= in the case of = for Genesis 30:33; usually against, 1 Samuel 12:3; 2 Samuel 1:16; Isaiah 3:9; Isaiah 59:12; Micah 6:3; Jeremiah 14:7; Numbers 35:30 (P), Ruth 1:21 (>Be be occupied with, II.ענה; Vrss Luth Kit Kau עִנָּה humiliate); with בְּפָנָיו Hosea 5:5; Hosea 7:10; Job 16:8; with לְפָנָיו Deuteronomy 31:21 (+ לְעֵד as witness); with בְּ person + accusative of charge, סָרָה Deuteronomy 19:16, of false witness שֶׁקֶר Deuteronomy 19:18, עֵדשֶֿׁקֶר Exodus 20:16 (Ginsb Exodus 20:13), "" Deuteronomy 5:17; Proverbs 25:18: absolute (bad implication) Exodus 23:2 (E; עַל concerning).
b. less often make response as one accused ( respondent) Job 9:14,15. Niph`al 1. make answer, subject ׳י, with ל person, Perfect 1 singular נַעֲנֵיתִי Ezekiel 14:4; Participle נַעֲנֶה (
Qal not in Ezekiel).
2 be answered: Imperfect 3 masculine singular יֵעָנֶה,
a. Job 11:2 (subject words).
b. of man = receive answer Proverbs 21:3, Song of Solomon 1singular אֵעָנֶה Job 19:7. Hiph`il Participle מַעֲנֶה בְּשִׂמְחַת לִבּוֺ Ecclesiastes 5:19, wholly dubious; Hi (God) causes (all things) to respond in the joy of his heart; De answers to the joy, etc.; de Jong Wild occupies him (II. עָנָה) with the joy, etc.
Hiph`il Participle מַעֲנֶה בְּשִׂמְחַת לִבּוֺ Ecclesiastes 5:19, wholly dubious; Hi (God) causes (all things) to respond in the joy of his heart; De answers to the joy, etc.; de Jong Wild occupies him (II. עָנָה) with the joy, etc.
IV. עָנָה verb sing (Arabic sing, chant, singing, chanting, etc.; Syriac sing responsively, hymn, refrain; possibly Assyrian enû, resound (?); Egyptian anni is loan-word according to Bondi80); —
Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular וְעָנוּ consecutive Jeremiah 51:14; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יַעַנֶה Jeremiah 25:30; 3 feminine singular וַתַּעַן Exodus 15:21; 3 feminine plural וַתַּעֲנֶינָה 1 Samuel 18:7, etc.; Imperative עֱנוּ Numbers 21:17; Psalm 147:7; Infinitive construct עֲנוֺת Exodus 32:18 (twice in verse); — sing, utter tunefully, Exodus 15:21 (E) and Miriam sang to (ל) them; of uttering shout (הֵידָד), as in vintage Jeremiah 25:30 (׳י subject; + אֶלֿ person), in attack Jeremiah 51:14 (+ עַלֿ person); (חֲלוּשָׁה) קוֺל עֲנוֺת גְּבוּרָה Exodus 32:18 (twice in verse) (E); with ל of thing or person laudation Numbers 21:17 (J E; well); Psalm 147:7 (׳י; "" זַמְּרוּ), Ezra 3:11; + אָמַר 1 Samuel 18:7 the women sang, and said; יַעֲנוּ בַמְּחֹלוֺת לֵאמֹר 1 Samuel 21:12; 1 Samuel 29:5; with accusative of thing laudation Psalm 119:172 (compare "" Psalm 119:171). — Isaiah 14:22 see עון
Pi`el intensive: Imperative עַנּוּלָֿהּ Isaiah 27:2 sing sweetly of it; Infinitive קוֺל עַנּוֺת Exodus 32:18 (E) the sound of distinct singing; compare לְעַנּוֺת Psalm 88:1.
I. [עֲנָה] verb answer (see Biblical Hebrew I. עָנָה); —
Pe`al Perfect 3 feminine singular עֲנַת Daniel 5:10; 3 masculine plural עֲנוֺ Daniel 2:7 +; Participle active (עֲנָה Nö GGA, 1884,1021) עָנֵה Daniel 2:5 +, plural עָנַיִן (K§ 47 Beisp. e)) Daniel 3:24; — always + אמר Participle, answered and said (ל [or קֳדָם] person usually following אדר; following ׳ע Daniel 2:10,27,47): —
1 answer, make reply, to something said: Daniel 2:5,7,8,10,27; Daniel 3:16,24,25; Daniel 4:16; b Daniel 5:17; Daniel 6:13; Daniel 6:14.
2 respond to occasion, speak in view of a situation: Daniel 2:15,20,26; Daniel 3:9,14,19,24,26,28; Daniel 4:16a; Daniel 4:27; Daniel 5:10.
(1) prop. to sing, i.q. Arab. غنى Conj. II. IV. (this signification, although unfrequent, seems, however, to be primary, see Piel; compare Lat. cano, Pers. خواذدن to sing, to call, to read; Sansc. gai), Exodus 15:21 followed by לְ to praise with song, 1 Samuel 21:12, 29:5 Psalms 147:7 hence to cry out (compare Lat. actor canit, cantat, i.q. declamat, fchreit laut), used of the shout of soldiers in battle, Exodus 32:18; Jeremiah 51:14 of jackals in the deserts, Isaiah 13:22 (compare cantus galli, gallicinium). It is applied to any one who pronounces any thing solemnly and with a loud voice (compare Lat. cantare, cantor, used of any one who often says, inculcates, or affirms any thing, Ter. Plaut.; Cic. Orat. i. 55); hence
(a) used of God uttering an oracle, 1 Samuel 9:17, וַיהֹוָה עָנָהוּ “Jehovah declared to him” (Samuel); Genesis 41:16, “God announces welfare to Pharaoh;” compare Deuteronomy 20:11. Used in a forensic sense
(b) of a judge giving sentence, Exodus 23:2 and
(c) of a witness giving evidence, solemnly affirming any thing; hence to testify, with an acc. of the thing, Deuteronomy 19:16 followed by בְּ of him for whom (Genesis 30:33; 1 Samuel 12:3) or against whom (Numbers 35:30; Deuteronomy 19:18; 2 Samuel 1:16) testimony is given. More fully עָנָה עֵד בְּ Exodus 20:16. Hence
(2) to lift up the voice, to begin to speak (Syr. ܥܢܐܳ); especially in the later [?] Hebrew, Job 3:2, אִיֹּוב וַיֹּאמֶד וַיַּעַן “and Job began to speak, and said;” Song of Solomon 2:10; Isaiah 14:10; Zechariah 1:10, 3:4 4:11, 12 Zechariah 4:12. Followed by an acc. of pers. to speak to any one, Zechariah 1:11. Far more frequently
(3) to answer, to reply. Constr.
(a) with an acc. of pers. Job 1:7; Genesis 23:14; Song of Solomon 5:6, like the Gr. ἀμείβομαι τινά
(b) with an acc. of the thing which, or to which one answers, Proverbs 18:23; Job 40:2. In like manner, Job 33:13, כָּל־דְּבָרָיו לֹא יַעֲנֶה “he does not answer as to any of his things,” i.e. he renders no account. And so
(c) with two acc. of pers. and thing, 1 Samuel 20:10; Micah 6:5; Jeremiah 23:37; Job 9:3. To answer to any one is used
(aa) in a bad sense, of those who contradict a master when commanding or blaming, who excuse themselves and contend with him (fich verantworten), Job 9:14, 15 Job 9:15, 32 Job 9:32, 16:3 (compare Arab. جواب reply, also excuse); or who refute some one, Job 32:12.
(bb) in a good sense, of those who answer the prayers of any one, who hear and answer a petitioner; and thus it is often used of God hearing and answering men, 1 Samuel 14:39; Psalms 3:5, 4:2. There is a pregnant construction, Psalms 22:22, מִקַּרְנֵי רֵמִים עֲנִיתָנִי “answer (and deliver) me from the horns of the Remim;” hence
(cc) with an acc. of pers. and בְּ of the thing, to answer any one in any thing, i.e. to be bountiful to him, to bestow the thing, Psalms 65:6 and with an acc. of the thing, Ecclesiastes 10:19, הַכֶּסֶף יַעֲנֶה אֶת־הַכֹּל “money answers with all things” (imparts all), geührt alles, compare Hosea 2:23, 24.
(4) to signify, to imply any thing by one’s words (etwas fagen wollen, beabfichtigen), i.q. Arab. عنى. Hence מַעֲנֶה, מַעַן, יַעַן something proposed, a counsel, purpose, then used as a prep.
In the former [German] editions of this book, I sought with many etymologists to refer the various significations of this root to that of answering, as has since been done by Winer (p. 732, 733); deriving the notion of singing from that of answering and singing alternately; in such matters every one must follow his own judgment. I have adopted this new arrangement especially for this reason, that the primary signification is commonly more forcible and important, and therefore it is often retained in Piel (Lehrg. p. 242), and in Arabic it is expressed by a harder letter (غنى to sing).
(1) to be answered, i.e. to be refuted, Job 11:2 to be heard and answered, Job 19:7; Proverbs 21:13.
(2) i.q. Kal to answer, followed by לְ Ezekiel 14:4, Ezekiel 14:7.
Piel, i.q. Kal No. 1, to sing, Exodus 32:18 (where Piel in the signification of singing is distinguished from Kal). Psalms 88:1; Isaiah 27:2.
Hiphil, to answer, i.q. Kal No. 3, bb, followed by an acc. and בְּ of the thing; to hear and answer any one in any thing, to bestow the thing upon him, Ecclesiastes 5:19.
Derived nouns, see Kal No. 4.
II. עָנָה (for עָנַו, a verb לו֞, compare the derivatives, עָנָו, עֲנָוָה)
(1) to bestow labour upon any thing, to exercise oneself in any thing, followed by בְּ Ecclesiastes 1:13, 3:10. (Syr. ܥܢܐܳ ܒ, Arab. عنى followed by ب id.), specially, as it appears, to till the ground, to bring the earth into cultivation, whence מַעֲנָה, מַעֲנִית, a furrow.
(2) to be afflicted, depressed, oppressed, Psalms 116:10, 119:67 Zechariah 10:2. Isaiah 31:4, וּמֵהֲמֹונָם לֹא יַעֲנֵה “and (who) will not be depressed at their multitude,” he will not lose his courage. Isaiah 25:5, וְמִיר עָרִיצִים יַעֲנֶה “the song of the tyrants shall be brought low.” (Arab. عنا to be depressed, low).
(1) to be afflicted, Psalms 119:107. Isaiah 53:7, וְהוּא נַעֲנֶה “and he was afflicted.”
(2) reflect. to submit oneself to any one, followed by מִפְּנֵי Exodus 10:3 (where for לְהֵעָנֹות there is לֵעָנֹות).
(1) to oppress, to depress, to afflict, Genesis 16:6, 15:13 31:50 Exodus 22:21. Psalms 102:24, עִנָּה בַדֶּרֶךְ כֹּחִי “(Jehovah) depressed (consumed) my strength in the way.” Psalms 88:8, כָּל־מִשְׁבָּרֶיךָ עִנִּיתָ “thou hast oppressed (i.e. inundated) (me) with all thy waves.”
(2) עִנָּה אִשָּׁה compressit feminam, generally by force, Genesis 34:2; Deuteronomy 22:24, 29 Deuteronomy 22:29; Judges 19:24, 20:5.
(3) עִנָּה נֶפֶשׁ to afflict the soul, i.e. to fast, Leviticus 16:31, 23:27, 32 Leviticus 23:32; Numbers 29:7.
Pual, to be oppressed, or afflicted, Psalms 119:71; Isaiah 53:4. Inf. עֻנֹּתֹו his oppression or sorrow, Psalms 132:1.
Hiphil, i.q. Pi. No. 1, 1 Kings 8:35; 2 Chronicles 6:26. But Ecclesiastes 5:19 belongs to עָנָה No. I; which see.
(1) to submit oneself, Genesis 16:9 especially to God, Daniel 10:12.
(2) i.q. Kal, to be afflicted, 1 Kings 2:26.
Derived nouns, עָנָו, עֲנָוָה, עַנְוָה, עֱנוּת, עָנִי, עֳנִי, עִנְיָן, מַעֲנָה, מַעֲנִית, and the pr.n. עֲנָה, עֻנִּי, עֲנָיָה, עֲנָת, עֲנָתֹות, עַנְתֹתִיָּה.
I. עֲנָה, עֲנָא Chald.
(1) to begin to speak; like the Hebr. No. 2, Daniel 2:20, 3:9, 19, 24, 26, 28 4:16, 27 followed by לְ of pers. 2:47.
(2) to answer, Daniel 2:7, 10 3:14, 16 5:7 6:14.
II. עֲנָה Chald. to be afflicted. Part. עֲנֵה; plur. עֲנַיִן the afflicted, Daniel 4:24.