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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4090 - πικρῶς

from (G4089)
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  1. bitterly
  2. metaph. with poignant grief
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4751 ‑ מַר (mar, maw‑raw');  4843 ‑ מָרַר (maw‑rar');  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Adverb from G4089

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πικρῶς, adverb (from Aeschylus down), bitterly: metaphorically, ἔκλαυσε, i. e. with poignant grief, Matthew 26:75; Luke 22:62 (here WH brackets the clause); cf. πικρόν δάκρυον, Homer, Odyssey 4, 153.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πικρῶς ,


(<πικρός ),

[in LXX for H4751, H4843 pi.;]

bitterly: metaph., (cf. πικρὸν δάκρυον , Hom.), ἔκλαυσε Papyri, Matthew 26:75, Luke 22:62 (v. MM, xviii, s.v. παρακολουθέω ).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This adj. denoting the active exercise of evil is seen in BGU II. 372ii. 1 (A.D. 154) πονηρ ̣[ὸν κ ]α ̣[ ] λῃσ [τ ]ρικὸν β [ίον, PSI V. 452.11 (iv/A.D.) πονηρὰ βουλευσαμέν [ου ]ς, and Syll 809 (= .3 1175).19 (iv/iii B.C.) ῥῆμα μοχθηρὸν ἢ πονηρὸν φθένγεσθαι. With the Lat. sepulchral formula ab hoc monumento dolus malus abesto, cf. BGU I. 326ii. 3 (A.D. 194) ταύτῃ τῇ διαθήκῃ δόλος πονηρὸς ἀπέστη (= ω). In the deed of divorce P Grenf II. 76.3 (A.D. 305–306) a couple are stated to have renounced their married life ἐκ τινὸς πονηροῦ δαίμονος, ";owing to some evil deity,"; and similarly P Lips I. 34.8 (c. A.D. 375). The word is joined with ἀσεβεῖς in Jos. Antt. xii. 252, xiii. 34.

For the original meaning of πονηρός, ";toilworn,"; ";laborious"; we may cite the description of Heracles, the type of the strenuous life—πονηρότατος καὶ ἄριστος (Hes. Fr. 43. 5).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πικρως πικρώς πικρῶς pikros pikrôs pikrōs pikrō̂s
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