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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #4751 - מַר
1) bitter, bitterness (adjective)
1a) of water or food
1b) of harlot’s end, end of wickedness, cry (figuratively)
1c) of pain (substantive)
2) bitterly (adverb)
A) rm (מר MR) AC: ? CO: Bitter AB: ?: The headwaters of a river are only a trickle and have stagnant pools causing the water to be bitter. Something that is bitter of taste or attitude. Rebellion is one with a bitter attitude.
Nm) rm (מר MR) - I. Bitter: II. Trickle:From the little water at the headwaters of a river. KJV (39): bitter, bitterness, bitterly, chafed, angry, discontented, heavy - Strongs: H4751 (מַר), H4752 (מַר)
V) rem (מהר MHR) - I. Hurry: II. Purchase:To pay the price for a wife. [Unknown connection to root] KJV (66): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Piel) haste, swift, quick, soon, speed, headlong, rash, fearful, ready, short, straightway, suddenly, endow - Strongs: H4116 (מָהַר), H4117 (מָהַר)
V) erm (מרה MRH) - Bitter: To be bitter or rebellious. KJV (44): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) rebel, rebellious, provoke, disobedient, against, bitter, change, disobey, grievously, provocation - Strongs: H4784 (מָרָה)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
מַר m. (from the root מָרַר).
(1) subst. a drop, so called from flowing down (see מָרַר No. 1 ), Isaiah 40:15.
(2) adj. f. מָרָה bitter, Isaiah 5:20; Proverbs 27:7 bitter, acrid (fcharf), of brackish water, Exodus 15:23. Neutr. as a substantive, bitterness (of death), 1 Samuel 15:32. Metaph.
(a) sad, sorrowful, Ezekiel 3:14 often used of the mind, Job 21:25. מַר נֶפֶשׁ adj. sad of soul, 1 Samuel 1:10, 22:2 and subst. sadness, Job 7:11, 10:1.
(b) bitter, of a cry or weeping, Germ. bitterlich. צְעָקָה גְדוֹלָה וּמָרָה “a loud and bitter cry,” Genesis 27:34; Esther 4:1; Ezekiel 27:31, מִסְפֵּד מַר “a bitter (violent) lamentation;” also used of a bitter fate, Proverbs 5:4; Amos 8:10. Adv. מַר Isaiah 33:7, and מָרָה Ezekiel 27:30, bitterly.
(c) fierce, i.e. vehement, powerful, raging, i.q. Arab. مرير (whence it is at the same time manifest how עַז strong, Judges 14:14, can be opposed to sweet), Habakkuk 1:6 מַר נֶפֶשׁ id. Judges 18:25; 2 Samuel 17:8.
(d) destructive, pernicious, Psalms 64:4; Jeremiah 2:19. מֵי הַפָּרִים bitter waters, i.e. which would be destructive to the perjured wife, Numbers 5:18, 19.
the Second Week after Epiphany