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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #4149 - πλοῦτος
- riches, wealth
- abundance of external possessions
- fulness, abundance, plenitude
- a good i.e. that with which one is enriched
wealth, riches, ἄφενος καὶ πλοῦτον ἀφύξειν Il. 1.171; ὄλβῳ τε πλούτῳ τε 16.596; π. ἀρεταῖς δεδαιδαλμένος Pi. O. 2.53; opp. πενία, Pl. R. 421d; ἀνατετροφέναι πλοῦτον And. 1.131: pl., τῶν γὰρ π. ὁδ' ἄριστος treasures, E. Fr. 137 (anap.); πλούτοις καὶ πενίαις Pl. R. 618b; γένη καὶ πλοῦτοι Id. Grg. 523c, cf. Prt. 354b, etc.: c. gen. rei, π. ἀργύρου, χρυσοῦ, treasure of silver or gold, Hdt. 2.121 . ά, Anacreont. 34.1; οὔτε ἀργυροῦς π.οὔτε χρυσοῦς Pl. Lg. 801b; ἀφανὴς π., opp. γῆ, Ar. Ec. 602 .
2. metaph., πραπίδων π. Emp. 129.2; π. τῆς σοφίας Pl. Euthphr. 12a; γᾶς π. ἄβυσσος, of the whole earth, A. Th. 948 (lyr.); πλοῦτον εἵματος κακόν Id. Ag. 1383; ὁ ἐν τῇ ἐμῇ ψυχῇ π. X. Smp. 4.43, cf. 34, etc.
II masc. pr. n. Plutus, god of riches, Hes. Th. 969; represented as blind, Timocr. 8; ὁ δὲ Π. ἡμᾶς . . τυφλοὺς ποιεῖ Antiph. 259: — Hsch. s.v. εὔπλουτον says that π. originally meant wealth in corn. (Prob. from πλέω in an early sense '*flow', '*abound', as φόρτος from φέρω. )
πλοῦτος, πλούτου, ὁ, and (according to L T Tr WH in 2 Corinthians 8:2; Ephesians 1:7; Ephesians 2:7; Ephesians 3:8, 16; Philippians 4:19; Colossians 1:27; Colossians 2:2, but only in the nominative and accusative; cf. (Tdf. Proleg., p. 118; WHs Appendix, p. 158); Winers Grammar, 65 (64); Buttmann, 22f (20)) τό πλοῦτος (apparently equivalent to πλεοτος, from πλέος full (cf. πίμπλημι)), from Homer down, the Sept. for עֹשֶׁר, and also for הָמון, a multitude, חַיִל, הול; riches, wealth;
b. universally, fullness, abundance, plenitude: with a genitive of the excellence in which one abounds, as τῆς χρηστότητος, Romans 2:4; Romans 9:23; 2 Corinthians 8:2; Ephesians 1:7, 18; Ephesians 2:7; Ephesians 3:16; Colossians 1:21; Colossians 2:2. the πλοῦτος of God is extolled, i. e. the fullness of his perfections — of which two are mentioned, viz. σοφία and γνῶσις, Romans 11:33 (for σοφίας καί γνώσεως here depend on βάθος, not on πλούτου (cf. B. 155 (135); Winer's Grammar, § 30, 3 N. 1)); the fullness of all things in store for God's uses, Philippians 4:19; in the same sense πλοῦτος is attributed to Christ, exalted at the right hand of God, Revelation 5:12; in a more restricted sense, πλοῦτος τοῦ Χριστοῦ is used of the fullness of the things pertaining to salvation with which Christ is able to enrich others, Ephesians 3:8.
c. universally equivalent to a good ((to point an antithesis)): Hebrews 11:26; equivalent to that with which one is enriched, with a genitive of the person enriched, used of Christian salvation, Romans 11:12.
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πλοῦτος , -ου , ὁ
and (in 2 Corinthians 8:2, Ephesians 1:17; Ephesians 2:7; Ephesians 3:8; Ephesians 3:16, Philippians 4:19, Colossians 1:27; Colossians 2:2; v. WH, App., 158; M, Pr., 60) τό ,
[in LXX chiefly for H6239;]
riches, wealth: of external possessions, Matthew 13:22, Mark 4:19, Luke 8:14, 1 Timothy 6:17, James 5:2, Revelation 18:16; of moral and spiritual conceptions, Romans 2:4; Romans 9:23; Romans 11:12; Romans 11:33, 2 Corinthians 8:2, Ephesians 1:7; Ephesians 1:18; Ephesians 2:7; Ephesians 3:8; Ephesians 3:16 Philippians 4:19, Colossians 1:27; Colossians 2:2, Hebrews 11:26, Revelation 5:12.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
This rare Hellenistic verb = πρίω, ";saw asunder"; (Hebrews 11:37), is used of date-palms in CP Herm I. 28.11 φοίνικες. . ἄπρ [ιστοι π ]επρισμ [ένοι : cf. P Oxy XIV. 1752.2 (A.D. 378), an order of payment to two πρίσταις, ";sawyers,"; for repairs on a boat. For a curious word-play between πρῖνος and πρίζω see Th. Sus. 58 f.
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