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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4150 - πλύνω

ploo'-no, ploo'-o
Root Word (Etymology)
a prolonged form of an obsolete pluo (to "flow")
Parts of Speech
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  1. to wash: with reference to clothing
    1. use figuratively of those who by faith so appropriate the results of Christ's expiation as to be regarded by God as pure and sinless
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1740 ‑ דּוּחַ (doo'‑akh);  3526 ‑ כָּבַס (kaw‑bas');  7364 ‑ רָחַץ (raw‑khats');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Revelation 1
NAS (3)
Luke 1
Revelation 2
HCS (2)
Revelation 2
BSB (3)
Luke 1
Revelation 2
ESV (2)
Revelation 2
WEB (1)
Revelation 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πλύνω [ ],

Ep. impf. πλύνεσκον Il. 22.155: fut. πλῠνῶ Ar. Th. 248, D. 39.11; Ion. and Ep. πλῠνέω Od. 6.31, 59: aor. ἔπλῡνα, Ep. πλῦνα Od. 6.93, ( ἐκ-, περι- ) Ar. Pl. 1062, D. 54.9: Med., fut. πλῠνοῦμαι LXX Numbers 31:24 ( ἐκ-πλυνεῖται in pass. sense, Ar. Pl. 1064 ): aor. part. πλυνάμενος LXX Leviticus 13:6, ( ἐκ- ) Hdt. 4.73: Pass., fut. πλῠθήσομαι ( πλυνθ- Hsch. ) Com.Adesp. 715: aor. ἐπλύθην [ ], 3 sg. subj. πλυθῇ Thphr. HP 3.15.4; part. πλυθέν Dsc. 2.76.18, πλυθείσης Porph. VP 34: pf. πέπλῠμαι Hp. Acut.(Sp. )65, Theoc. 1.150, ( κατα- ) Aeschin. 3.178; part. πεπλυμένος PCair.Zen. 92 (iii B. C.):

wash, clean, prop. of linen. clothes, etc. (opp. λούομαι bathe, νίζω wash the hands or feet ), εἵματα πλύνεσκον Il. 22.155; ἴομεν πλυνέουσαι Od. 6.31; πλῦνάν τε (sc. εἵματα ) κάθηράν τε ῥύπα πάντα ib. 93; π. κῴδια Ar. Pl. 166; τὸ ἑαυτοῦ ἱμάτιον Pl. Chrm. 161e; τὰς κοιλίας Ar. Eq. 160; ἄμμον Thphr. Lap. 58; ἐάν τις ἢ λόηται ἢ πλύνει τι ἐν ταῖς κρήναις IG 12(5).569.5 (Ceos, iii B. C. ); στολήν LXX Genesis 49:11 : Pass., σησάμου πεπλυμένου PCair.Zen. 562.19 (iii B. C.); σκίλλης πλυθείσης Porph.l.c. metaph., πέπλυται τὸ πρᾶγμα the thing is washed to pieces, i. e. worn out, Sosip. 1.3: hence τὸ πεπατημένον καὶ πεπλυμένον threadbare, hackneyed, Longin. Rh. p.190H.

II as a slang term, πλύνειν τινά ' give him a dressing', abuse, κἀκυκλοβόρει κἄπλυνε Ar. Ach. 381; ἀλλήλους πλυνοῦμεν D. 39.11; πλύνοντες αὑτοὺς τἀπόρρητα Id. 58.40; τὸν πατέρα καὶ σὲ τούς τε σοὺς ἐγὼ πλυνῶ Men. 608; τοὺς κρείσσονας D.C. 46.4: c. dat. modi, τὸν τάριχον τουτονὶ πλύνων ἅπασιν ὅσα σύνοιδ' αὐτῷ κακά Ar. Fr. 200: c. dupl.acc., πλυνεῖ τε τὰ κακὰ τῶν κακῶν ὑμᾶς Diocl.Com. 2 . ( πλῠ-ν-ψω cogn. with πλε(ϝ)-ω, also with Lith. pláuti 'bathe', OSlav. pluti 'flow', 'sail'.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πλύνω; imperfect ἔπλυνον; 1 aorist ἐπλυνα; ((cf. πλέω)); from Homer down; the Sept. for כִּבֵּס and רָחַץ; to wash: τά δίκτυα, Luke 5:2 L T Tr WH ((T WH marginal reading πλῦναν; see ἀποπλύνω)); used from Homer down especially in reference to clothing (Genesis 49:11; Exodus 19:10, 14; Leviticus 13:6, 34, etc.); hence, figuratively πλύνειν τάς στολάς αὐτῶν ἐν τῷ αἵματι τοῦ ἀρνίου is used of those who by faith so appropriate the results of Christ's expiation as to be regarded by God as pure and sinless, Revelation 7:14, and L T Tr WH in ; cf. Psalm 50:4, 9 (). (Compare: ἀποπλύνω. Synonym: see λούω, at the end.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πλύνω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H3526 pi.;]

to wash (inanimate objects, esp. clothing): τ . δίκτυα , Luke 5:2. Fig., τ . στολάς , Revelation 7:14; Revelation 22:14 (cf. Psalms 51:4; Psalms 51:9 and see ἀπο -πλύνω ).†

SYN.: see λούω G3068.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

1. adverb of time = ";before,"; ";formerly"; (cf. 3 Maccabees 5:28; 3 Maccabees 6:4; 3 Maccabees 6:31) : P Oxy X. 1292.6 (c. A.D. 30) ὡς σὲ καὶ πρὶν ἠρώτησα, ";as I asked you before,"; ib. XII. 1452.21 (A.D 127–8) δηλῶ. . . Σαραπίωνα τετελ (ευτηκέναι) τὸ π (ρὶν) ὄντα (δωδεκάδραχμον), ";I declare that Serapion died some time ago being rated at 12 drachmae"; (Edd.), ib. I. 71ii. 10 (A.D. 303) προσελαβόμην ἐμαυτ ́ῇ εἰς βοήθειαν. . τὸ πρὶν μὲν Σεκοῦνδόν τινα, ἔπιτα δὲ καὶ Τύραννον, ";I engaged as my assistant first one Secundus, and subsequently Tyrannus besides"; (Edd.), and ib. XIV. 1752.3 (A.D. 378) an order of payment of wine to two sawyers for repairing a boat—παρασχοῦ Πτολεμα ̣ίῳ καὶ τῷ κοινωνῷ πρίσταις εἰς λόγον δαπάνης ἀνανεώσεως τοῦ πλοίου τὸ πρὶν ὑπὸ Ἀπφοῦν οἴνου κνίδιον διπλοῦν ἕν.

2. conjunction = ";before"; : (a) c. inf. with (cf. Matthew 1:18) P Oxy XII. 1473.12 (A.D. 201) πρὶν ἢ πληρωθῆναι τὸν Ὡρείωνα τοῖς προκειμένοις αὐτοῦ ταλάντοις δυσί, ";before Horion recovers the aforesaid 2 talents"; (Edd.), P Strass I. 35.11 (iv/v A.D.) πρὶν ἢ ἐξελθῖν αὐτόν. (b) c. inf. without (cf. Matthew 26:34) P Oxy VI. 928.8 (ii/iii A.D.) πρὶν προλημφθῆναι, ";before she is entrapped,"; P Flor II. 242.13 (A.D. 254) πρίν σε τὰ κτήνη ἐκεῖ πέμψαι, and the articular inf. in P Giss I. 103.34 iv/A.D.) πρὶν το ̣ῦ ἐ ̣μ ̣ ̣ ἐλθεῖν εἰς Ὄασιν.

The construction with ἄν and the subj., which in the NT is confined to Luke 2:26, is seen in P Oxy XII. 1413.35 (A.D. 270–5) πρὶν ἂ ̣ν ̣ τ ̣ο ̣̣ πᾶν ἀνάλωμα δ ̣ο ̣θ [, and without ἄν in ib. I. 34ii. 8 (A.D. 127) πρὶν αὐτῷ ἐπιστέλλη [τ ]αι, P Fay 124.8 (ii/A.D.) πρὶν ἤ τι περαιότερ [ο ]ν ἐνχιρήσω πο [ι ]εῖν, ";before taking further steps"; (Edd.), and P Lond 121.621 (iii/A.D.) (= I. p. 104) πρωῒ ἀνάστα πρὶν λαλῇς.

For πρίν as a preposition c. gen. cf. P Lond 121.418 (iii/A.D.) (= I. p. 97) πρὶν ἡλίου ἀν [α ]τολῆς : it is construed c. acc. in John 11:55 D πρὶν τὸ πάσχα.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επλυναν έπλυναν ἔπλυναν έπλυνε έπλυνεν επλυνον ἔπλυνον πλυθήναι πλυθήσεται πλυνάμενος πλυνάτωσαν πλυνεί πλύνειν πλυνείς πλυνείσθε πλύνη πλύνόν πλυνοντες πλύνοντες πλυνόντων πλυνούσι πλυνούσιν πλωτόν eplunan eplunon eplynan éplynan eplynon éplynon plunontes plynontes plýnontes
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