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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4233 - πράκτωρ

Root Word (Etymology)
from a derivative of (G4238)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
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  1. one who does anything, a doer
  2. one who does the work of inflicting punishment or taking vengeance
    1. the avenger of murder
    2. the exactor of a monetary fine
    3. an officer of justice of the lower order whose business it is to inflict punishment
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5066 ‑ נָגַשׁ (naw‑gash');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Luke 2
NAS (2)
Luke 2
HCS (2)
Luke 2
BSB (2)
Luke 2
ESV (2)
Luke 2
WEB (2)
Luke 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πράκ-τωρ, ορος, ὁ,

= cross πρακτήρ, one who does or executes, accomplisher, Ζεὺς ὅτου π. φανῇ S. Tr. 251; π. τῶν ἀκουσίων Antipho 3.2.6; with fem. Subst., Κύπρις . . τῶνδ' ἐφάνη π. S. Tr. 861 (lyr.). II official who executes a judgment for debt, esp. public debt, bailiff, IG 12.75.49, al., Antipho 6.49, Decr. ap. And. 1.77, D. 25.28, IG 12(8).51.9 (Imbros, ii B.C. ), OGI 483.7 (Pergam.), Ev.Luke 12:58; βασιλικὸς π. PSI 4.335.2 (iii B.C.); τῶν ξενικῶν PTeb. 5.222 (ii B.C.) .

2. collector of taxes, π. βαλανήου Ostr. in Wilcken Grundzüge p.213 (i A.D.), Ostr. 399 (i A.D.); π. ἀργυρικῶν PIand. 29.1 (ii A.D.), BGU 434.3 (ii A.D.), etc.; π. σιτικῶν PLond. 2.367a1, al. (ii A.D.) .

3. in Poets, one who exacts punishment, avenger, A. Supp. 647 (lyr.); π. αἵματος Id. Eu. 319 (anap.); φόνου S. El. 953: as Adj., with a fem. Subst., avenging, σὺν δορὶ καὶ χερὶ πράκτορι A. Ag. 111 (lyr.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πράκτωρ, πρακτορος, (πράσσω);

1. one who does anything, a doer (Sophocles).

2. "one who does the work of inflicting punishment or taking vengeance; especially the avenger of a murder (Aeschylus, Sophocles); the exactor of a pecuniary fine" ((Antiphon), Demosthenes, others); an officer of justice of the tower order whose business it is to inflict punishment: Luke 12:58.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πράκτωρ , -ορος ,

(< πράσσω ),

[in LXX: Isaiah 3:12 (H5066) *;]

1. (poët.) one who does or accomplishes.

2. In Athens, one who exacts payment, a collector; hence, generally (freq. in Papyri, v. Deiss., BS, 154), a court officer: Luke 12:58.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";gain besides"; by working, in the NT only in Luke 19:16. For the double compd. προσεξεργάζομαι, see Syll 538 (= .3 970).21 (B.C. 288) with reference to the pillars of a temple—προσεξεργασαμένους σφόνδυλον ἑκάστωι τῶι κίονι.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πράκτορες πρακτορι πράκτορι πρακτωρ πράκτωρ praktor praktōr práktor práktōr praktori práktori
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