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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4316 - προσαγορεύω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G4314) and a derivative of (G58) (mean to harangue)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to speak to, to address, accost, salute
  2. esp. to address or accost by some name, call by name
  3. to give a name in public, to style
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1875 ‑ דָּרַשׁ (daw‑rash');  3034 ‑ יָדָה (yaw‑daw');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Hebrews 1
NAS (1)
Hebrews 1
HCS (1)
Hebrews 1
BSB (1)
Hebrews 1
ESV (1)
Hebrews 1
WEB (1)
Hebrews 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Att. aor. being προσεῖπον, fut. and pf. προσερῶ, προσείρηκα (but προσαγορεῦσαι occurs in X. Mem. 3.2.1, προσαγορεύσομεν Pl. Tht. 147e ), aor. Pass. προσερρήθην (but προσηγορεύθην A. Pr. 834, Anaxil. 21.4, Philem. 101.6 ); coupled with προσείποις, προσρητέον in Pl. Tht. 152d, 182d sq.: address, greet, ἀλλήλους Hdt. 1.134, 2.80; δυστυχοῦντες οὐ προσαγορευόμεθα in misfortune we are not spoken to, Th. 6.16; π. τοὺς νέους δι' εὐχῆς Pl. Lg. 823d; πόρρωθεν π. Thphr. Char. 5.2; ἐν ταῖς ἐπιστολαῖς τοὺς φίλους π. Pl. Ep. 315b .

2. c. dupl. acc., address or greet as so and so, Δίκαν δέ νιν προσαγορεύομεν βροτοί A. Ch. 950 (lyr.); τὸν αὐτὸν πατέρα π. X. Cyr. 8.7.14; βασιλέα π. τινά Plu. Aem. 8: Pass., ὑφ' ὧν προσηγορεύθης ἡ Διὸς δάμαρ A. Pr. 834; -αγορευθεὶς αὐτοκράτωρ, Lat. imperator consalutatus, Plu. Pomp. 8, etc.

3. simply, call by name, call so and so, τὸν Ἀγαμέμνονα π. ποιμένα λαῶν X. Mem. 3.2.1; τί τὴν πόλιν προσαγορεύεις; Pl. R. 428d, cf. Grg. 474e, Sph. 216c, Lycurg. 26; π. τινὰ ὀνόματι Antipho 6.40, cf. Pl. Plt. 291e, Tht. 147e, etc.; ὀνομαστὶ π. X. Cyr. 5.3.47; τοῦτο τοὔνομα π. σφᾶς αὐτούς Plb. 1.8.1: Pass., to be called, Hecat. 129J., etc.; π. ἑταίρα Anaxil. l. c.; λίθος Philem. l.c.; freq. in Pl., R. 597e, Phlb. 54a; τῷ τοῦ ὅλου ὀνόματι, ἑνὶ ὀν. π., Id. Smp. 205c, Sph. 219b, etc.

4. c. inf., πάσας ἡδονὰς ἀγαθὸν εἶναι προσαγορεύεις Id. Phlb. 13b, cf. Prt. 325a; π. τινὰ χαίρειν bid one hail or farewell, Ar. Pl. 323, Pl. Lg. 771a; also μετὰ τοῦ χαίρειν π. τινά Plu. Phoc. 17 . II appeal to, in argument, τὰ τῶν θηρίων ἤθη dub. in Plu. 2.493c.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

προσαγορεύω: 1 aorist passive participle προσαγορευθείς; to speak to, to address, accost, salute (Aeschyl, Herodotus, Aristph., Xenophon, Plato, others); especially to address or accost by some name, call by name: τινα with a predicate accusative, and in the passive with a predicate nominative (1 Macc. 14:40; 2 Macc. 14:37), Hebrews 5:10. (to give a name to publicly, to style, τινα or τί with a predicate accusative, Xenophon, mem. 3, 2, 1; Γάϊος Ἰούλιος Καῖσαρ διά τάς πράξεις προσαγορευθείς Θεός, Diodorus 1, 4; add (Wis. 14:22); 2 Macc. 4:7 2Macc. 10:9 2Macc. 14:37; φρούριον ... Καισάρειαν ὑπ' αὐτοῦ προσαγορευθεν, Josephus, Antiquities 15, 8, 5.) Cf. Bleek, Brief an d. Hebrews 2:2, p. 97f.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

προσ -αγορεύω ,

[in LXX: Deuteronomy 23:6 (7) (H1875), ?Ezra 10:11 (H3034 hith.), Wisdom of Solomon 14:22, 1 Maccabees 14:40, 2 Maccabees 1:36; 2 Maccabees 4:7; 2 Maccabees 10:9; 2 Maccabees 14:37*;]

to address, greet, salute; hence, to call by name, address, style: c. dupl. acc, pass., Hebrews 5:10.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";firstborn."; As additional proof that this word is to be taken out of the list of purely ";Biblical"; words, Deissmann (LAE, p. 88) cites the undated pagan sepulchral inscr. Kaibel 460.4 ἱρεὺς γάρ εἰμι πρωτοτόκων ἐκ τελεθ [ῶν ?] (= τελετ [ῶν ] ?) ";for I am a priest by the rites of the firstborn,"; and notes that the editor suggests that in the family of the deceased the firstborn always exercised the office of priest. He also refers to a Christian metrical epitaph from Rome of ii/iii A.D. Kaibel 730.3 πρωτότοκον, διετές, with reference to a firstborn ";sun-child"; (ἡλιόπαις), i.e. child born on a Sunday, who died at the age of two years. Note further a sacrificial decree of c. B.C. 200, Syll 615 (=.31024).17, in which mention is made of ὗν ἐνκύμονα πρωτότοκον, and a decree of adoption of A.D. 381, P Lips 598.15 (=Archiv iii. p. 173) πρ [ ]ς τὸ εἶναί σου υἱ [ ]ν γνήσιον καὶ πρωτότοκον ὡς ἐξ ἰδίου αἵματος γεννηθέντα σοι, and the magical P Osl I. I.312 (iv/A.D.) λαβὼν πρωτοτόκου κριοῦ ὀμφάλιον.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
προσαγορευθεις προσαγορευθείς προσαγορευθεὶς προσαγορεύσεις φανή prosagoreutheis prosagoreutheìs
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