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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4344 - προσκεφάλαιον

neuter of a presumed compound of (G4314) and (G2776)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
  1. a pillow, cushion
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3704 ‑ כֶּסֶת (keh'‑seth);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
NAS (1)
HCS (1)
BSB (1)
ESV (1)
WEB (1)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

προσκεφᾰλ-αιον, τό,

cushion for the head, pillow, Hp. Fract. 16, Ar. Pl. 542, Lys. 12.18, etc.: generally, any cushion, Cratin. 269, Hermipp. 54, Thphr. Char. 2.11, PCair.Zen. 92.22 (iii B.C.), LXX Ezekiel 13:18, Mark 4:38, etc.: Dor. ποτικεφάλαιον IG 5(1).1390.23 (Andania, i B.C. ); also ποικεφ-, Schwyzer 323 C 30 (Delph.).

II name for a treasure-chamber of the Persian kings, Chares 2 J.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

προσ -κεφάλαιον , -ου , τό ,

[in LXX: Ezekiel 13:18; Ezekiel 13:20 (H3704), 1 Esdras 3:8*;]

a pillow, cushion: Mark 4:38.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";a tower"; : cf. BGU IV. 1194.9 (B.C. 27) τοῦ ἱεροῦ πύργου, P Ryl II. 138.20 (A.D. 34) ἐσύλησέν μου ἐν τῶι πύργωι ἱκανὰ ἀργαλε ()α, ";he robbed me of a number of tools in the tower,"; and P Giss I. 67.16 (time of Trajan/Hadrian), where reference is made to a sleeping-chamber (κοιτῶν) ἐπ ̣ὶ τοῦ π ̣ύρ [γου. Πύργος is used of a ";watch-tower"; in a vineyard, as in Matthew 21:33 al., in BGU II. 650.8 (A.D. 60–1) ἐν ᾧ ἐλαίων καὶ πύργος καὶ ἕτερα, and in P Oxy II. 243.15 (A.D. 79) we hear of a πύργος δίστεγος, ";a two-storied tower,"; cf. the οἰκὶα διπυργία in P Hamb I. 14.9, .26 (A.D. 209–210). A Lycianinscr. (JHS xxxiv. (1914) p. 5 No. 10.1) shows πύργος apparently in the sense of a ";tomb";—; Ἐπάγαθος β ̄ ὁ τὸν πύργον ἐκ θεμελίων κατασκευάσας. The editors refer to the similar use of πυργίσκος in CIG III. 4207 al. This latter word is rendered ";casket"; by GH in P Oxy VI. 921.24 (iii/A.D.) : cf. Artem. p.68.1.

It should be noted that in Hermes liv. p. 423 ff. F. Preisigke advocates the meaning ";farm-building"; for πύργος, and is supported by E. Meyer in ib, lv. p. 100 ff., where the suitability of this meaning for such NT passages as Mark 12:1, Luke 14:28, is shown. See also P Strass II. 110.6 (iii/B.C.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
προσκεφάλαια προσκεφαλαιον προσκεφάλαιον proskephalaion proskephálaion
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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