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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4383 - πρόσωπον

Transliteration
prósōpon
Phonetics
pros'-o-pon
Origin
from (G4314) and ops (the visage, from (G3700))
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
TDNT
6:768,950
Definition
Thayer's
  1. the face
    1. the front of the human head
    2. countenance, look
      1. the face so far forth as it is the organ of sight, and by it various movements and changes) the index of the inward thoughts and feelings
    3. the appearance one presents by his wealth or property, his rank or low condition
      1. outward circumstances, external condition
      2. used in expressions which denote to regard the person in one's judgment and treatment of men
  2. the outward appearance of inanimate things
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 639 ‑ אַף (af);  649 ‑ אַפַּיִם (ap‑pah'‑yim);  4758 ‑ מַרְאֶה (mar‑eh');  5869 ‑ עַיִן (ah'‑yin);  5921 ‑ עַל (al);  6057 ‑ עָנָף (aw‑nawf');  6285 ‑ פֵּאָה (pay‑aw');  6310 ‑ פֶּה (peh);  6440 ‑ פָּנֶה (paw‑neem');  6440 ‑ פָּנֶה (paw‑neem');  6440 ‑ פָּנֶה (paw‑neem');  6440 ‑ פָּנֶה (paw‑neem');  6440 ‑ פָּנֶה (paw‑neem');  6441 ‑ פְּנִימָה (pen‑ee'‑maw);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (78)
Matthew
10
Mark
3
Luke
15
Acts
12
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
12
Galatians
3
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
3
2 Thessalonians
1
Hebrews
1
James
2
1 Peter
1
Jude
1
Revelation
10
NAS (64)
Matthew
8
Luke
7
Acts
11
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
12
Galatians
3
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
3
2 Thessalonians
1
Hebrews
1
James
2
1 Peter
1
Jude
1
Revelation
10
HCS (70)
Matthew
10
Mark
2
Luke
11
Acts
11
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
10
Galatians
3
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
3
2 Thessalonians
1
Hebrews
1
James
2
1 Peter
1
Jude
1
Revelation
10
BSB (76)
Matthew
10
Mark
3
Luke
13
Acts
12
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
12
Galatians
3
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
3
2 Thessalonians
1
Hebrews
1
James
2
1 Peter
1
Jude
1
Revelation
10
ESV (57)
Matthew
8
Mark
2
Luke
9
Acts
9
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
8
Galatians
2
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
3
2 Thessalonians
1
Hebrews
1
James
1
1 Peter
1
Revelation
8
WEB (80)
Matthew
11
Mark
2
Luke
16
Acts
12
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
13
Galatians
3
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
3
2 Thessalonians
1
Hebrews
1
James
2
1 Peter
1
Jude
1
Revelation
10
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πρόσωπον, τό: pl. πρόσωπα, Ep. ( Aeol. acc. to Sch. Il. 7.212 ) προσώπατα Od. 18.192, AP 5.230 ( Maced. ), Opp. C. 1.419, etc.; dat. προσώπασι Il. 7.212: a masc. nom. πρόσωπος is cited from Pl.Com. 250: face, countenance (cf. μέτωπον ), Hom., always in pl., even of a single person, Il. 7.212, 18.414, Od. 19.361, al. (exc. Il. 18.24 ), and so in Hes. Op. 594 (v.l. -πον ), S. Fr. 871.6 (v.infr.), El. 1277 (lyr.), OC 314, X. An. 2.6.11 (dub.), AP 9.322( Leon. ): sg. in h.Hom. 10.2, 31.12, and usu. in later writers; π. κλιθὲν προσώπῳ Simon. 37.12; εἰς π. βλέπειν E. Hipp. 280; ἐς π. τινὸς ἀφικέσθαι come before him, ib. 720; π. πρός τινα στρέφειν Id. Ph. 457; οὐκ ὄψεσθε τὸ π. μου LXX Genesis 43:3, cf. UPZ 70.5 (ii B.C.); κατὰ πρόσωπον in front, facing, Th. 1.106, X. Cyr. 1.6.43, etc.; τὴν κατὰ π. τῆς ἀντίας φάλαγγος τάξιν ib. 6.3.35; κατὰ π. Αἰγύπτου facing, fronting Egypt, LXX Genesis 25:18; opp. κατὰ νώτου, Plb. 1.28.9; κατὰ π. ἄγειν, opp. κατὰ κέρας ὑπεραίρειν, Id. 11.14.6, etc.; κατὰ π . in person, ἡ κατὰ π. ἔντευξις Plu. Caes. 17; κατὰ π. παραμυθήσασθαι, opp. διὰ τοῦ ψαφίσματος, IG 42(1).86.22 (Epid.); so κατὰ πρόσωπα Eudox. Ars 11.21; also πρὸς τὸ π . X. Cyn. 10.9; ἐπὶ προσώπου Ἰεριχώ in front of Jericho, LXX De. 34.1; ἔρρ' ἐκ προσώπου Herod. 8.59; ἀπὸ π. τῆς γῆς LXX Amos 9:8; βλέπειν εἰς π. τινός regard his countenance, Ev.Matthew 22:16 : usu. of the face of man or God, as λειτουργῶν τῷ π. Κυρίου LXX 1 Kings 2:11; οἱ ἄρτοι τοῦ π ., of shewbread, ib. 21.6: of the ibis, Hdt. 2.76; of dogs, ἀπὸ τῶν π. φαιδραί X. Cyn. 4.2; of horses, Arist. HA 631a5; of deer, ib. 579a2; of fish, Anaxandr. 30, 33.16; face of the moon, S. Fr. 871.6 (pl.), Plu. 2.920b: metaph., ἀργυρωθεῖσαι πρόσωπα . . ἀοιδαί Pi. I. 2.8 .

2. front, façade, Id. P. 6.14, cf. E. Ion 189 (lyr., pl.); κατὰ π. τοῦ ἱεροῦ, τῆς νεώς, PPetr. 3p.2 (iii B.C.), Ach.Tat. 3.1, 2; τιθέναι τὰς φιάλας ἐπὶ πρόσωπον Asclep.Myrl. ap. Ath. 11.501d .

II one's look, countenance, A. Ag. 639, 794 (anap., pl.), Eu. 990 (anap., pl.), etc.; οὐ τὸ σὸν δείσας π . S. OT 448: metaph., φαίνοισα π. Ἀλάθεια Pi. N. 5.17 .

2. Astrol., decan considered as the domain of a planet, ἐν ἰδίοις π . Vett.Val. 62.21, Paul. Al. C. 2.

III = προσωπεῖον, mask, D. 19.287 ( -εῖον is v.l.), Arist. Po. 1449a36, b4, Pr. 958a17, Dsc. 3.144 (v.l.), Poll. 2.47; π. ὑπάργυρον κατάχρυσον IG 12.276.6, cf. 42(1).102.58,68 (Epid., iv B.C. ), Clara Rhodos 6/7.428; ὀθόνινον π . prob. in Pl.Com. 142; π. περίθετον Aristomen. 5; of the Roman imagines, Plb. 6.53.5; bust or portrait, Sammelb. 5221, OGI 432.1 (Naksh-i-Rustam, iii A.D. ).

2. dramatic part, character, Phld. Rh. 1.199S., Arr. Epict. 1.29.45 and 57; κωφὸν π . Cic. Att. 13.19.3; character in a book, τὸ τῆς Ἑλλάδος ὄνομα καὶ π . Plb. 8.11.5; τὸ τοῦ Ὀδυσσέως π . Id. 12.27.10, cf. Phld. Po. 5.32; also ἀστοχεῖν τοῦ π ., of an author, Callisth. 44J.; ἐπὶ προσχήματι καὶ π. δικαστῶν Ael. Fr. 168 .

person, Phld. Rh. 1.52S. (pl.); ἀδίκως μὴ κρῖνε πρόσωπον Ps.-Phoc. 10; προσώπῳ, οὐ καρδίᾳ in person, in bodily presence, 1 Thessalonians 2:17, cf. 2 Corinthians 5:12; ποιεῖν or πληροῦν τὸ π. τινός to represent a person, PRein. 56.30 (iv A.D.), Sammelb. 6000ii 12 (vi A.D.); λαμβάνειν π. τινός admit a person to one's presence, εἰ προσδέξεταί σε, εἰ λήψεται πρόσωπόν σου LXX Ma. 1.8; hence, = προσωποληπτεῖν, Ev.Luke 20:21, Ep.Galatians 2:6; μὴ ἀποστρέψῃς τὸ π. μου, i.e. do not reject my prayer, LXX 1 Kings 2:20; θαυμάσαι π. ἀσεβοῦς ib. Proverbs 18:5; ὁ θεὸς ὁ μέγας . ., ὅστις οὐ θαυμάζει π. οὐδὲ οὐ μὴ λάβῃ δῶρον ib. De. 10.17 .

2. legal personality, Bion Borysth. ap. D.L. 4.46 .

3. Gramm., person, D.T. 638.4, A.D. Pron. 3.12, etc.; γυναικεῖα π . Alex.Trall. 2 .

4. π. πόλεως a feature of the city, of a person, Cic. Fam. 15.17.2 .

5. f.l.in Zeno Stoic. 1.23 (cf. Nicol. Prog. p.4 F.).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πρόσωπον , -ου , τό

(< πρός , ὤψ ),

[in LXX chiefly and very freq. for H6440;]

1. prop., of persons (so always in cl.);

(a) the face, countenance: Matthew 6:16-17, Mark 14:65, Luke 9:29, 2 Corinthians 3:7, Revelation 4:7, al.; τὸ Papyri τῆς γενέτεως (EV, natural face), James 1:23; πίπτειν ἐπὶ (τὰ ) Papyri, Matthew 17:6, Luke 5:12, Revelation 7:11, al.; ἀγνοούμενος τῷ Papyri, Galatians 1:22; Papyri, οὐ καρδίᾳ , 1 Thessalonians 2:17; κατὰ πρόσωπον (in front, facing: Thuc., Xen., al.), when present, face to face, Acts 25:16, 2 Corinthians 10:1; 2 Corinthians 10:7, Galatians 2:11; id. c. gen., as compound prep., in the presence of (not cl.; v. Bl., § 40, 9; M, Pr., 99 f.; Thackeray, Gr., 43 f.), Luke 2:31, Acts 3:13; similarly ἀπὸ Papyri (Heb. (H6440 מִלִּפְּנֵי ); v. Dalman, Words, 29), from the presence of, Acts 3:19; Acts 5:41; Acts 7:45, 2 Thessalonians 1:9, Revelation 12:14; Revelation 20:11; πρὸ Papyri (Heb. (H6440 לִפְנֵי ), before, Matthew 11:10, Mark 1:2, Luke 7:27 (LXX), al.; in other phrases resembling Heb. idiom (Thackeray, Gr., 42), βλέπειν (ὁρᾶν , θεωρεῖν , ἰδεῖν ) τὸ Papyri, to see one's face, i.e. see him in person, Matthew 18:10, Acts 20:25; Acts 20:38, 1 Thessalonians 3:10, Revelation 22:4; ἐμφανισθῆναι τῷ Papyri τοῦ θεοῦ , Hebrews 9:24; ἐν Papyri Χριστοῦ , 2 Corinthians 2:10; 2 Corinthians 4:6; μετὰ τοῦ Papyri σου with thy presence, Acts 2:28 (LXX); εἰς Papyri τῶν ἐκκλησιῶν , 2 Corinthians 8:24; στηρίζειν τὸ Papyri (Heb. H6440 H7760: Jeremiah 21:10, al.; v. Dalman, Words, 30), c. inf., to set one's face towards, Luke 9:51; similarly, τὸ Papyri αὐτοῦ ἦν πορευόμενον (op. cit., 31), Luke 9:53; τὸ Papyri τοῦ κυρίου ἐπί , 1 Peter 3:12 (LXX);

(b) form, person: καυχᾶσθαι . ἐν Papyri καὶ μὴ ἐν καρδίᾳ , 2 Corinthians 5:12 (cf. 1 Samuel 16:7); metaph., as in Heb. idiom, of judgment according to appearance, external condition or circumstances (H6440 H5387; v. Dalman, Words, 30; Thackeray, Gr., 43 f.): λαμβάνειν Papyri, Luke 20:21, Galatians 2:6; βλέπειν εἰς Papyri, Matthew 22:16, Mark 12:14; θαυμάζειν πρόσωπα , Judges 1:16.

2. Of things (cf. Dalman, l.c.);

(a) face, appearance (Psalms 104:30): Matthew 16:3 (WH, R, mg., om.), Luke 12:56, James 1:11;

(b) surface (Genesis 2:6): Luke 21:35, Acts 17:26.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
προσωπα πρόσωπα πρόσωπά προσώποις προσωπον προσώπον πρόσωπον πρόσωπόν προσωπου προσώπου πρόσωπου προσωπω προσώπω προσώπῳ προσωπων προσώπων πρόωσπον prosopa prosōpa prósopa prósōpa prosopo prosōpō prosṓpoi prosṓpōi prosopon prosōpon prosōpōn prosṓpon prosṓpōn prósopon prósopón prósōpon prósōpón prosopou prosōpou prosṓpou
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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