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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4422 - πτοέω

probably akin to the alternate of (G4098) (through the idea of causing to fall) or to (G4072) (through that of causing to fly away)
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  1. to terrify
  2. be terrified
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2730 ‑ חָרֵד (khaw‑rade');  2865 ‑ חָתַת (khaw‑thath');  3372 ‑ יָרֵא (yaw‑ray');  4549 ‑ מָסַס (maw‑sas');  5074 ‑ נָדַד (naw‑dad');  6206 ‑ עָרַץ (aw‑rats');  6342 ‑ פָּחַד (paw‑khad');  7264 ‑ רָגַז (raw‑gaz');  
Frequency Lists
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ASV (3)
Luke 3
BSB (2)
Luke 2
CSB (2)
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ESV (2)
Luke 2
KJV (3)
Luke 3
LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
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LSB (2)
Luke 2
N95 (2)
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NAS (2)
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NLT (2)
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WEB (3)
Luke 3
YLT (2)
Luke 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πτοέω and πτοιέω,

fut. -ήσω AP 7.214 ( Arch. ): Ep. aor. ἐπτοίησα, Aeol. ἐπτόαισα (v. infr.): Pass., Ep. aor. ἐπτοιήθην Call. Dian. 191: pf. ἐπτόημαι, Ep. ἐπτοίημαι (v. infr.):

terrify, scare, AP l.c.: Pass., to be scared, dismayed, φρένες ἐπτοίηθεν Od. 22.298; ἐξ ὕπνου κέκραγεν ἐπτοημένη A. Ch. 535; ἐπτοημένας δεινοῖς δράκουσιν by serpents, E. El. 1255 (s. v.l.); ἔβαλλε χεῖρας ἐπτοημένας Id. Tr. 559 (lyr.); πτοηθεὶς ἐπὶ τοῖς ἠγγελμένοις Plb. 31.11.4, cf. LXX Exodus 19:16, al., Ev.Luke 21:9, Ev.Luke 24:37; περὶ ὃ ἂν τύχῃ Polystr. p.29 W.; of animals, Q.S. 11.48, 13.457 .

II metaph., flutter, excite by any passion, τό μοι καρδίαν . . ἐπτόαισεν Sapph. 2.6, cf. eand. Supp. 14.6; τὴν δὲ φρένας ἐπτοίησεν Κύπρις A.R. 1.1232; Κύπρις ἐπ' Αἰακίδῃ κούρῃ φρένας ἐπτοίησεν Poet. ap. Parth. 21.2: Pass., to be passionately excited, Mimn. 5.2 (= Thgn. 1018 ); ἐπτοημένοι φρένας A. Pr. 856; ὡς ἐπτόηται E. Ba. 214, cf. IA 1029; ἔρωτι ἐπτοάθης ib. 586 (lyr.); πτοιηθεὶς ὑπ' ἔρωτι Call.l.c.; τὸ περὶ τὰς ἐπιθυμίας μὴ ἐπτοῆσθαι Pl. Phd. 68c, cf. R. 439d, Epicur. Fr. 465; περὶ τὴν ὀχείαν Arist. HA 614a26, cf. 571b10; περὶ τὰ ὄψα Plu. 2.1128b; περὶ τὸ κέρδος Onos. 1.20; ἐς γυναῖκας Luc. Amos 5:1-27; ἐπὶ τὸ νέον ib. 23; ἐπὶ γυναικί Parth. 4.2; πρὸς τὰς αἶγας Plu. 2.989a; τῇ γνώμῃ πρὸς τὸν πόλεμον Id. Sull. 7; to be distraught, μεθ' ὁμήλικας ἐπτοίηται he gapes like one distraught after his fellows, Hes. Op. 447; τὸ πτοηθέν distraction, E. Ba. 1268 . ( πτοι- only in dactylic verse, perh. metri gr.; the -άω inflexion only in Thgn. l.c., E. IA 586 (lyr.); Lesb. -αις ( ε ) may have -αι- for -η- as αἰμίονος, etc.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πτοέω, πτόω: 1 aorist passive ἐπτοήθην; (πτόα terror); from Homer down; to terrify; passive, to be terrified (the Sept. chiefly for חָתַת): Luke 21:9; Luke 24:37 (Tr marginal reading WH marginal reading θροηθεντες. Synonym: see φοβέω, at the end.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πτοέω , - ,

[in LXX chiefly for H2865 ni.;]

to terrify. Pass., to be terrified: Luke 21:9; Luke 24:37 (WH, mg., θροηθέντες ).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

a large ";dragnet"; (Matthew 13:47) as distinguished from the smaller circular ἀμφίβληστρον (cf. Mark 1:16), often identified with the garf, which is generally worked by two boats (cf. Luke 5:7), which separate and then draw it in a sweep to the shore. It was consequently an expensive piece of machinery, and has been taken as evidence that some at least of the fishermen Apostles were fairly well-to-do (cf. Exp T xxviii. p. 229 f.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επτοήθη επτοήθησαν επτόηντο επτοήται πτοηθείην πτοηθείησαν πτοηθεντες πτοηθέντες πτοηθής πτοηθήσεται πτοηθήση πτοηθήσομαι πτοηθήσονται πτοηθητε πτοηθήτε πτοηθῆτε πτοηθώσι πτοηθώσιν πτοήσει πτοήσω πτοήσωσι πτοούνται ptoethentes ptoethéntes ptoēthentes ptoēthéntes ptoethete ptoethête ptoēthēte ptoēthē̂te
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