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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4679 - σοφίζω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G4680)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to make wise, teach
  2. to become wise, to have understanding
    1. to invent, play the sophist
    2. to devise cleverly or cunningly
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 995 ‑ בִּין (bene);  2450 ‑ חָכָם (khaw‑kawm');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (3)
2 Timothy 2
2 Peter 1
NAS (4)
2 Timothy 2
2 Peter 2
CSB (2)
2 Timothy 1
2 Peter 1
BSB (2)
2 Timothy 1
2 Peter 1
ESV (2)
2 Timothy 1
2 Peter 1
WEB (3)
2 Timothy 2
2 Peter 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


make wise, instruct, LXX Psalms 18:8(19).8; τινὰ εἰς σωτηρίαν 2 Timothy 3:15 .

2. Pass., become or be clever or skilled in a thing, c. gen. rei, ναυτιλίης σεσοφισμένος skilled in seamanship, Hes. Op. 649; Μοίσαι σεσοφισμέναι Ibyc. Oxy. 1790.23; so ἐν τοῖς ὀνόμασι ς . X. Cyn. 13.6: abs., to become or be wise, freq. in LXX, Ecclesiastes 7:24(23), al.; βέλτερος ἀλκήεντος ἔφυ σεσοφισμένος ἀνήρ Ps.-Phoc. 130 .

3. Med., teach oneself, learn, ἐσοφίσατο ὅτι . . he became aware that . ., LXX 1 Samuel 3:8 .

II Med. σοφίζομαι, with aor. Med. and pf. Pass. (v. infr.), practise an art, Thgn. 19, IG 12.678; play subtle tricks, deal subtly, E. IA 744, D. 18.227, etc.; οὐδὲν σοφιζόμεσθα τοῖσι δαίμοσι we use no subtleties in dealing with the gods, E. Ba. 200; to be scientific, speculate, περὶ τὸ ὄνομα Pl. R. 509d, cf. Plt. 299b, Muson. Fr. 3p.12H., etc.; σοφιζόμενος φάναι to say rationalistically, Pl. Phdr. 229c; καίπερ οὕτω τούτου σεσοφισμένου though he has dealt thus craftily, D. 29.28; σοφίσασθαι πρός τι to use fraud for an end, Plb. 6.58.12; οἱ ἰητροὶ σοφιζόμενοι ἔστιν οἳ ἁμαρτάνουσι when they deal in subtleties, Hp. Fract. 1; οἱ μυθικῶς σοφ . Arist. Metaph. 1000a18, cf. HA 582a35, D. 35.56; ς. πρὸς τὸν νόμον evade it, Plu. Dem. 27 .

2. c. acc. rei, devise cleverly or skilfully, Hdt. 2.66, 8.27, cf. 1.80; καινὰς ἰδέας σοφίζεσθαι Ar. Nu. 547; χαρίεντα καὶ σοφά Id. Av. 1401; ἀλλότρια ς . meddle with other men's craft, Id. Eq. 299; with internal acc., ἀνόητα ς . exercise one's skill without νοῦς, Pl. Hp.Ma. 283a, cf. X. Mem. 1.2.46; ὅσα . . σοφίζονται πρὸς τὸν δῆμον Arist. Pol. 1297a14; ἀλλ' αὐτὸ τοῦτο δεῖ σοφισθῆναι this is the very thing one must gain by craft, S. Ph. 77; οἶνον ἀπὸ τῶν φοινίκων ς . make spurious wine, Philostr. VA 2.6; πορφύραν παρὰ τῆς κόχλου Id. Her. 19.15: Pass., σεσοφισμένοι μῦθοι craftily devised, 2 Peter 1:16 . ς. νόμον evade it, Philostr. VA 2.40, cf. Ael. VH 2.41, Palaeph. 50, OGI 383.208 (Commagene, i B.C. ).

3. c. acc. pers., deceive, τὸν Τίτον J. BJ 4.2.3; μή με σοφίζου AP 12.25 (Stat. Flacc.); τὸν δῆμον Hdn. 7.10.7; also ς. τὴν αἴσθησιν Aret. SD 1.15 .

4. ' counter ' by a device, σοφίζεται τὴν βίαν τοῦ μηχανήματος J. BJ 3.7.20 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σοφίζω: 1 aorist infinitive σοφίσαι; (σοφός);

1. to make wise, teach: τινα, 2 Timothy 3:15 (Psalm 18:8 (); ἐσόφισάς με τήν ἐντολήν σου, Psalm 118:98 (); οὔτε τί ναυτιλιης σεσοφισμενος, οὔτε τί νηῶν, Hesiod, Works, 647).

2. Middle in Greek writings from Herodotus down, mostly as a deponent, to become wise, to have understanding (ἐσοφίσατο ὑπέρ πάντας ἀντρωπους, 1 Kings 4:27(31); add, Ecclesiastes 2:15, etc.; frequent in Sir.); to invent, play the sophist; to devise cleverly or cunningly: perfect passive participle σεσοφίσμενοι μυθοι, 2 Peter 1:16. (Compare: κατασοφίζομαι.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(< σοφός ),

[in LXX chiefly for H2450;]

to make wise, instruct: c. acc pers., 2 Timothy 3:15 (cf. Psalms 19:8 (Psalms 119:98). As depon., -ομαι ;

(a) intrans., to become wise (1 Kings 4:27 (1 Kings 5:11), Ecclesiastes 2:15, and freq. in Sirach 7:5, al.);

(b) trans., to invent, devise cleverly: pass., 2 Peter 1:16

(cf. κατα -σοφίζομαι ).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";call together"; (Mark 15:16 al.) : cf. BGU II. 511 ii. 5 (c. A.D. 200) συνκα [λέσας συμβούλειον (?) . . . . . . . . . ], and P Lond V. 1711.53 (A.D. 566–573) a marriage contract in which along with other interesting conditions a husband promises his wife not to introduce any unsuitable person into the house—προσομολογῶ ἐγὼ ὁ σὸς γαμέτης μὴ συγκαλ ̣έσαι τινὰ ἀνακόλουθον κατ᾽ οἶκο ̣ν ̣ ἐπὶ σέ.

For ἡ σύνκλητος, ";the senate,"; cf. P Oxy I. 33 versoiv. 8 (late ii/A.D.) ἆρα ἡ σύνκλητος ἢ σὺ ὁ λῄσταρχος; ";was it the senate, or you, the arch-pirate?"; (Edd.) : cf. P Tebt I. 5.197 (B.C. 118) τὰ íι ý πορεῖα π ̣ρ ̣ο ̣̣ς τ ̣ὴν σύνκλητον, ";transport for the assembly.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εσοφισάμην εσόφισάς εσοφίσατο σεσοφισμενοις σεσοφισμένοις σοφίζου σοφίζουσα σοφισαι σοφίσαι σοφισθήσεται σοφισθήσομαι σοφίσθητε σοφιστάς sesophismenois sesophisménois sophisai sophísai
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