Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4686 - σπεῖρα

Transliteration
speîra
Phonetics
spi'-rah
Origin
of immed. Latin origin, but ultimately a derivative of (G138) in the sense of its cognate (G1507)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. anything rolled into a circle or ball, anything wound, rolled up, folded together
  2. a military cohort
    1. the tenth part of legion
      1. about 600 men i.e. legionaries
      2. if auxiliaries either 500 or 1000
      3. a maniple, or the thirtieth part of a legion
    2. any band, company, or detachment, of soldiers
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (7)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
John
2
Acts
3
NAS (7)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
John
2
Acts
3
HCS (7)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
John
2
Acts
3
BSB (7)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
John
2
Acts
3
ESV (7)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
John
2
Acts
3
WEB (7)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
John
2
Acts
3
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σπεῖρα, ἡ,

anything twisted or wound, ποιεῖν τι οἷον σπεῖραν twist it into a ball, Hp. Morb. 2.33 .

2. pl., coils or spires of a serpent, S. Fr. 535 (anap.), Ar. Fr. 500; πολύπλοκοι ς . E. Med. 481, cf. Ion 1164: so in sg., Nic. Th. 156, A.R. 4.151, Arat. 47, 89, etc.

3. rope, cord, Nic. Fr. 74.21, f.l. in Hp. Steril. 235; σπείραισι δικτυοκλώστοις with the net's meshy folds, S. Ant. 346 (lyr.); ship's cable, Plu. 2.507b; padded circle used by women carrying weights on their head, Aët. 12.55; so by Atlas, Apollod. 2.5.11; as a lamp-stand, ἀρτεμισίας ς. ἐπὶ τὸν λύχνον PMag.Lond. 121.601 (cf. σπειρίον 111 ); round cushion, IG 5(1).1390.24 (Andania, i B.C. ).

4. a mode of dressing the hair, Poll. 2.31, 4.149 .

5. ς. βόειαι thongs or straps of ox-hide to guard and arm a boxer's fist, Theoc. 22.80 .

6. knot or curl in wood, Thphr. HP 5.2.3, Plin. HN 16.198 .

7. a kind of cheesecake (al. σπῖρα ), Chrysipp. Tyan. ap. Ath. 14.647d .

8. rounded moulding in the base of an Ionic or Corinthian column, torus, IG 12.372.64, Sardis 7(1) No.181 (i A.D.), CIG 2713-14 ( Labranda ), Poll. 7.121, Vitr. 3.5.3.

9. Geom., anchor-ring, tore, produced by revolution of a circle about a line in its plane but not passing through the centre, Hero *Deff. 97, Procl. in Euc. p.119 F.

II Milit., tactical unit, in the Ptolemaic army, BGU 1806.4 (i B.C.); used to translate the Roman manipulus, Plb. 11.23.1, al., Str. 12.3.18, Plu. Aem. 17; κατὰ σπείρας,= Lat. manipulatim, Plb. 3.115.12; later, cohort, Acts 10:1, J. BJ 3.4.2, IGRom. 1.10 ( Massilia ), 1373 ( Egypt ), al., OGI 208.2 (Nubia, ii A.D. ), al. (gen. in this sense always σπείρης, Act. l.c., POxy. 477.3 (ii A.D.), BGU 73 (ii A.D.), OGI l.c., etc.).

2. = θίασος, religious college or guild, gen. σπείρης IG 14.925 (Portus Trajani); dat. σπείρῃ ib.977 ( Rome ), Inscr.Perg. 319,320; nom. σπεῖρα AEM 14.28 ( Roumania ); Lat. spira, CIL 6.261 ( Rome ), al. (cf. σπειράρχης ).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** σπείρα , -ης

(on this form of gen., v. M, Pr., 38, 48; Bl., § 7, 1; Mayser, 12; Deiss., BS, 186),

[in LXX: Judith 14:11, 2 Maccabees 8:23; 2 Maccabees 12:20; 2 Maccabees 12:22 *;]

1. (= Lat. spira) anything wound or rolled up, a coil.

2. As a military term used (by Polyb. and later writers) of a body of soldiers, a maniple (third part of a cohort) or cohort (v. Swete, Mk., 375; Westc., Jo., 251 f.): Matthew 27:27, Mark 15:16, John 18:3; John 18:12, Acts 10:1; Acts 21:31; Acts 27:1.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";mix together,"; ";compound"; (1 Corinthians 12:24) : cf. Kaibel 547.14 (i/A.D.) συνκεράσαι ψυχ [ῆι ] πνεῦμα φιλανδροτάτηι, and for the pass., as in Hebrews 4:2, Syll.3 783.33 (after B.C. 27) Ἐπιγόνη Ἀρτέμωνος α ̣ι ̣̔̓σ [ίοις ] γάμοις συνκερασθεῖσα. See also Apoc. Petr. 3 συνεκέκρατο δὲ τὸ ἐρυθρὸν αὐτῶν τῷ λευκῷ. The subst. σύνκρασις occurs in P Lond 121.512 (iii/A.D.) (= I. p. 100) ὁ ἔχων ἐν σεαυτῷ τὴν τῆς κοσμικῆς φύσεως σύγκρασι (ν).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
σπειρα σπείρα σπεῖρα σπειραν σπείραν σπεῖραν σπειρης σπείρης speira speîra speiran speîran speires speirēs speíres speírēs
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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