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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4693 - σπήλαιον

Transliteration
spḗlaion
Phonetics
spay'-lah-yon
Root Word (Etymology)
from a presumed derivative of speos (a grotto)
Parts of Speech
neuter noun
TDNT
None
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σπιλάς
Definition   
Thayer's
  1. a cave, den
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4631 ‑ מְעָרָה (meh‑aw‑raw');  5341 ‑ נָצַר (naw‑tsar');  5595 ‑ סָפָה (saw‑faw');  
Frequency Lists
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KJV (6)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
John 1
Hebrews 1
Revelation 1
NAS (6)
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Hebrews 1
Revelation 1
CSB (6)
Matthew 1
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Revelation 1
BSB (6)
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ESV (5)
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WEB (6)
Matthew 1
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Revelation 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σπήλαιον, τό,

grotto, cavern, Pl. R. 514a, 515a, 539e, Moschio Trag. 6.5, Satyr. Vit.Eur.Fr. 39 ix 6, Revelation 6:15, etc.; ς. λῃστῶν den of robbers, LXX Jeremiah 7:11, Ev.Matthew 21:13; of a grave, Supp.Epigr. 7.160 (Palmyra, i A.D. ), 166 (ibid., ii A.D. ), Ev.John 11:38 .

2. privy parts, LXX Habakkuk 2:15 (pl.).

3. place behind the scenes in a theatre, Poll. 4.124 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σπήλαιον, σπηλαίου, τό (σπέος (cavern; cf. Curtius, § 111)), a cave (den): Matthew 21:13; Mark 11:17; Luke 19:46; John 11:38; Hebrews 11:38; Revelation 6:15. (Plato, Plutarch, Lucian, Aelian, others; the Sept. for מְעָרָה.)


Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σπήλαιον , -ου , τό ,

[in LXX chiefly for H4631;]

a cave, cavern: John 11:38, Hebrews 11:38, Hebrews 6:15; σ . (EV, den) λῃστῶν (John 7:11), Matthew 21:13, Mark 11:17, Luke 19:46.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In the difficult passage 1 Corinthians 2:13 AV and RV follow the late usage of συνκρίνω = παραβάλλω (cf. Lob. Phryn. p. 278 f.) and translate ";compare"; (so also Field Notes, p. 168), but Lightfoot (Notes, p. 180 f.) prefers the meaning ";combine"; (cf. RV marg.) and cites Theod. Mops, ad l. : διὰ τῶν τοῦ πνεύματος ἀποδείξεων τὴν τοῦ πνεύματος διδασκαλίαν πιστούμεθα. Others take the verb as = ";interpret,"; in keeping with its application in the LXX to the interpretation of dreams (Genesis 40:8; Genesis 40:22; Genesis 41:12, Daniel 5:7; cf. Polyb. xiv. 3. 7 συνέκρινε καὶ διηρεύνα τὰ λεγόμενα).

We can produce no clear evidence bearing on any of these renderings from our sources, where the prevailing sense of the word is ";decide,"; especially with reference to judicial decisions. A few exx. must suffice—P Lille I. I verso.27 (B.C. 259–8) ὕστερον δὲ ἐπισκοπούμενος τὸ περίχωμα συνέκρινεν (";a décidé";) τὰ χώματα ποῆσαι, P Meyer 1.4 (B.C. 144) περὶ τῶν α ]ὐτῶν συγκρ [ιθ ]έντων, P Fay 12.30 (c. B.C. 103) συνκρίνωσι πραθχῆναί ( l. πραχθῆναί) μοι. . . τῆς ἀδίκου ἀγωγῆς, ";give judgment that they shall perforce pay me for the illegal abduction"; (Edd.), P Ryl II. 65.16 (judicial sentence—B.C. 67?) συνεκρίναμεν, P Giss I. 61.14 (A.D. 119) τοῦ τυράννου συνκρίνα ̣ντ ̣[ος τὸν ] σωμ ̣α ̣τισμόν, and P Flor I. 56.7 (A.D. 234) συνέκρε ̣ι ̣ν ̣[α γραφῆ ]ναι καὶ πεμϕ ̣[θῆ ]ναι τῆς ἐντευ ̣ξ ̣εως ἀντίγρα (φον).

For σύνκριμα cf. P Amh II, 68.34 (late i/A.D.) τῶι κυ ̣ρ ̣ι ̣ω ̣ συνκ ̣ρ ̣[ ]μ ̣ατ ̣ι, and for σύνκρισις cf. P Lond 359.3 (i/ii A.D.) (= II. p. 150).

 


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
σπηλαια σπήλαια σπηλαιοις σπηλαίοις σπηλαιον σπήλαιον σπηλαίου σπηλαίω σπιθα΄μης σπιθαμή σπιθαμής spelaia spēlaia spḗlaia spelaiois spelaíois spēlaiois spēlaíois spelaion spēlaion spḗlaion
 
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