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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4763 - στρηνιάω

Root Word (Etymology)
from a presumed derivative of (G4764)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to be wanton, to live luxuriously
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Revelation 2
NAS (4)
Revelation 4
HCS (2)
Revelation 2
BSB (2)
Revelation 2
ESV (2)
Revelation 2
WEB (2)
Revelation 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


run riot, wax wanton, Antiph. 82, Sophil. 6, Diph. 132, Lyc. Fr. 1.2, Revelation 18:7; Revelation 18:9, PMeyer 20.23 (iii A.D.);= gerrio, gestio, Gloss.; cf. Phryn. 357.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

στρηνιάω, στρηνιω: 1 aor ἐστρηνίασα; (from στρῆνος, which see); a word used in middle and later Comedy for τρυφαν (cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 381; (Rutherford, New Phryn., p. 475f; Winers Grammar, 25)); to be wanton, to live luxuriously: Revelation 18:7, 9. (Compare: καταστρηνιάω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** στρηνιάω ,

(< στρῆνος , q.v.),

[in Sm.: Isaiah 61:6 (H398) *;]

a word which first appears in the middle comedy (Rutherford, NPhr., 475 f.), to run riot, wax wanton: Revelation 18:7-9 (cf. κατα -στρηνιάω ).†

SYN.: σπαταλάω G4684 (q.v.), τρυφάω G5171.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";bring or gather together."; The verb is frequently used of the total amount, the full sum, received by sale or by purchase, e.g. P Oxy II. 285.19 (c. A.D. 50) διέσισέν με ἄλλας δραχμὰς τέσσαρες. . . μηνῶν ἕξ, κατὰ μῆνα δραχμὰς δύο, αἳ συναγόμεναι (δραχμαὶ) κ ̄δ ̄, ";he also extorted from me four more drachmae, and two drachmae each month during six months . . . : total, 24 drachmae"; (Edd.), P Tebt II. 296.3 (A.D. 123) τὸ συναγ [ ]μενον τῆς πρ [ο ]σθήκης ἀνελήφθη, ";the total amount of the increase was received,"; or P Oxy I. 55.11 (A.D. 283) where two joiners ask for payment of 4000 drachmae as the total amount of wages due to them in connexion with the construction of a Street—τὰ συναγόμενα τῶν μισθῶν τοῦ ὅλου ἔργου. It would seem, therefore, that by συναγαγὼν πάντα in Luke 15:13 we must understand with Field (Notes, p. 68) that the prodigal converted his goods into money, sold all off and realized their full value, rather than that he ";gathered all together"; to take with him.

For the meaning ";hospitably receive,"; ";entertain,"; as in Matthew 25:35, Acts 11:26 (cf. Hort Ecclesia, p. 61), and in several places in the LXX (with εἰς τὸν οἶκον or the like), cf. OGIS 130.5 (B.C. 146–116) οἱ συνάγοντες ἐν Σήτει. . . βασιλισταί, where Dittenberger lakes the verb transitively, and thinks the reference is to a club gathering or festal meal. He compares Athenaeus VIII. p. 365c ἔλεγον δὲ συνάγειν καὶ τὸ μετ᾽ ἀλλήλων πίνειν καὶ συναγώγιον τὸ συμπόσιον, and Theophrast. Charact. 30 (= xxvi. 36, ed. Jebb) συναγόντων παρ᾽ αὐτῷ, ";a club dinner at his house."; See also Kennedy Sources , p. 128, and Menander Selections ad Ἐπιτρέπ. 195.

Other exx. of the verb are P Alex 48 (iii/B.C.) (= Witkowskia2, p. 51) ἔτι δὲ καὶ νῦν, εἰ μὴ τὴν μήκωνα συνάξεις, οὐδείς σε ἀνθρώπων μὴ ὠφειλήσηι, P Eleph 87 (iii/B.C.) τὸ συνα ̣γόμενον εἰς τὸ ἱερὸν ἀργύριον, P Tebt II. 389.15 (A.D. 141) σ ]υ ̣, ν ̣ ταῖς συναγομέναις τόκου αὐτῶν δραχμαῖς τετρακ [ο ]σίαις εἴκοσι, ";with the interest accruing upon it, 420 drachmae"; (Edd.), P Oxy XIV. 1701.18 (iii/A.D.) τοὺς ] δὲ συναχθέντας δραχμιαίους τόκους, BGU I. 9810 (A.D. 211) ὧν ἡ συναγ ̣ο ̣μένη τιμὴ ἐν ἀργυρίῳ ἔ [με ]ινεν.

[The originality in Luke 3:17 of the vulgar aor. συνάξαι so (אa) as an element traceable to ";Q"; has been discussed by J. H. Moulton in Exp VII. vii. p. 413 and Cambridge Biblical Essays, p. 485 f., in connexion with the Synoptic Problem.]


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εστρηνίασε εστρηνιασεν ἐστρηνίασεν στρηνιασαντες στρηνιάσαντες estreniasen estreníasen estrēniasen estrēníasen streniasantes streniásantes strēniasantes strēniásantes
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