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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #5383 - φιλοπρωτεύω

from a compound of (G5384) and (G4413)
Parts of Speech
  1. to aspire to pre-eminence, to desire to be first
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
3 John
NAS (2)
3 John
HCS (1)
3 John
BSB (1)
3 John
WEB ( 0 )
WEB (1)
3 John
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


wish or strive to be first, 3 John 1:9.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

*† φιλο -πρωτιύω

(< φιλόπρωτος , Plut., al.),

to strive to be first: 3 John 1:9 (eccl.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The two meanings usually assigned to this verb, ";show kindness to"; and ";graciously bestow,"; can hardly be separated as the following miscellaneous exx. show—P Lond 42.32 (B.C. 168) (=1. p. 31, UPZ i. p. 301, Selections, p. 11) χαριε (l. χαριεῖ) δὲ καὶ τοῦ σώματος ἐπιμε [λό ]μενος, ἵν᾽ ὑγιαίνηις, P Tebt I. 56.16 (c. B.C. 130–121) τοῦτο δὲ ποιήσας ἔσῃ μοι κεχαρισμένος εἰς τὸν ἅπαντα χρόν [ον, ";if you do this I shall be eternally obliged to you"; (Edd.), P Oxy II. 292.9 (c. A.D. 25) χαρίεσαι (see below) δέ μοι τὰ μέγιστα, P Tebt II. 509 (i/ii A.D.) μεθ᾽ ἃς ἐχαρισάμην αὐτῶι ἀπὸ λοι ̣[π (ῶν)] κοπ (ῆς) χόρτ (ου) (δραχμὰς) κ ̄, P Oxy I. 33 versoiii. 1 (late ii/A.D.) καὶ τοῦτο ἡμεῖν χάρ [ισ ]αι, κύριε Καῖσαρ, ";grant me this one favour, lord Caesar"; (Edd.), P Grenf II. 68.3 (A.D. 247) ὁμολογῶ χαρίζεσθ [αι ] σοὶ χάριτι ἀναφαιρέτῳ καὶ ἀμετανοήτῳ. . ., a deed of gift, Chrest I. 461.15 (beg. iii/A.D.) εὐεργεσίας ἧς ἐχαρί [σαντο τοῖς ἀπολυθεῖ ]σι στρατιώταις, Aristeas 38 βουλομένων δ᾽ ἡμῶν καὶ τούτοις χαρίζεσθαι, ";since we desire to confer a favour not on these only,"; the favour being the LXX translation of the Law, and the Christian amulet BGU III. 954.28 (vi/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 134 ) ὁ φῶς ἐκ φωτός, θ (εὸ)ς ἀληθινὸς χάρισον ἐμὲ τὸν δοῦλόν σου τὸ φῶς, ";O Light of light, very God, graciously give thy servant light.";

A striking linguistic parallel to our Lord’s trial before Pilate occurs in P Flor I. 61 (A.D. 85), where a Prefect, after stating to an accused man, .59 f. ἄξιος μ [ ]ν ἧς μαστιγωθῆναι, ";thou art worthy to be scourged"; (cf. Joh. 19:1), adds .61 χαρίζομαι δέ σε τοῖς ὄχλοις, give you freely to the multitude"; (cf. Mar. 15:15) : see Deissmann LAE2, p. 269 f.

For the form χαρίεσαι = χαριεῖσαι, as in P Oxy 292 supra, cf. P Grenf II. 14 (c).7 (iii/B.C.) χαρίεσαί μοι τοῦτο ποιήσας, and see Proleg. p. 53 . where Moulton shows that this formation of the 2nd sing. pres. mid., like the similar NT formations καυχᾶσαι, ὀδυνᾶσαι, has been ";formed afresh in the Κοινή with the help of the -σαι that answers to 3rd sing. -ται in the perfect."; MGr χαρίζω, ";present,"; ";give.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
φιλοπρωτευων φιλοπρωτεύων φιλοπρώτευων philoproteuon philoproteúon philoprōteuōn philoprōteúōn
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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