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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #5384 - φίλος

a primitive word
Parts of Speech
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  1. friend, to be friendly to one, wish him well
    1. a friend
    2. an associate
    3. he who associates familiarly with one, a companion
    4. one of the bridegroom's friends who on his behalf asked the hand of the bride and rendered him various services in closing the marriage and celebrating the nuptials
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 157 ‑ אַהֵב (aw‑hab', aw‑habe');  441 ‑ אַלֻּף (al‑loof', al‑loof');  2269 ‑ חֲבַר (khab‑ar');  3045 ‑ יָדַע (yaw‑dah');  4828 ‑ מֵרֵעַ (may‑ray'‑ah);  7453 ‑ רֵיעַ (ray'‑ah, ray'‑ah);  7965 ‑ שָׁלֹם (shaw‑lome', shaw‑lome');  8003 ‑ שָׁלֵם (shaw‑lame');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (29)
Matthew 1
Luke 15
John 6
Acts 3
James 2
3 John 2
NAS (29)
Matthew 1
Luke 15
John 6
Acts 3
James 2
3 John 2
HCS (29)
Matthew 1
Luke 15
John 6
Acts 3
James 2
3 John 2
BSB (29)
Matthew 1
Luke 15
John 6
Acts 3
James 2
3 John 2
ESV (25)
Matthew 1
Luke 14
John 5
Acts 3
James 2
WEB (29)
Matthew 1
Luke 15
John 6
Acts 3
James 2
3 John 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

φίλος, η, ον,

also ος, ον Pi. O. 2.93: [ : but Hom. uses the voc. φίλε with at the beginning of a verse, v. infr.].

I pass., beloved, dear, Il. 1.20, etc.; παῖδε φίλω 7.279; freq. c. dat., dear to one, μάλα οἱ φ. ἦεν 1.381; φ. ἀθανάτοισι θεοῖσι 20.347, etc.: voc., φίλε κασίγνητε (at the beginning of the line) 4.155, 5.359; with neut. nouns, φίλε τέκνον Od. 2.363, 3.184, etc.; but φίλον τέκος Il. 3.162; also φίλος for φίλε (Att., acc. to A.D. Synt. 213.28), φίλος ὦ Μενέλαε Il. 4.189, cf. 9.601, 21.106, al., Pi. N. 3.76, A. Pr. 545 (lyr.), E. Supp. 277 (lyr.), Ar. Nu. 1168 (lyr.): gen. added to the voc., φίλ' ἀνδρῶν Theoc. 15.74, 24.40; ὦ φίλα γυναικῶν E. Alc. 460 (lyr.): as Subst.: φίλος, ὁ, friend, κουρίδιος φίλος, i.e. husband, Od. 15.22; φίλοι friends, kith and kin, νόσφιφίλων Il. 14.256; τῆλεφίλων Od. 2.333, cf. 6.287; φ. μέγιστος my greatest friend, S. Aj. 1331; φίλοι οἱ ἐγγυτάτω, οἱ ἔγγιστα, Lys. 1.41 codd., Plb. 9.24.2; after Hom. freq. with a gen., ὁ Διὸς φίλος A. Pr. 306; τοὺς ἐμαυτοῦ φ., τοὺς τούτων φ., Aeschin. 1.47; φ. ἐμός S. Ph. 421; τῶν ἐμε̄ν φ. ib. 509; τοὺς σφετέρους φ. X. HG 4.8.25: prov., ἔστιν ὁ φ. ἄλλος αὐτός a friend is another self, Arist. EN 1166a31; κοινὰ τὰ τῶν φ. Pl. Phdr. 279c, cf. Arist. EN 1159b31; οὐθεὶς φ. ᾧ πολλοὶ φ. Id. EE 1245b20; also of friends or allies, opp. πολέμιοι, X. HG 6.5.48; φ. καὶ σύμμαχος D. 9.12, etc.; of a lover, X. Mem. 3.11.4 (in bad sense, Lac. 2.13); φίλε my friend, as a form of courteous address, Luke 14:10, etc.; in relation to things, οἱ μουσικῆς φ. E. Fr. 580.3; ἀληθείας Pl. R. 487a; τῶν εἰδῶν Id. Sph. 248a; Χίους φ. ποιῆσαι Lys. 14.36, etc.; ποιεῖσθαι Luc. Pisc. 38; κτᾶσθαι Isoc. 2.27, cf. Th. 2.40; φίλους τιθέντες τούς γε πολεμιωτάτους E. Hec. 848; φίλῳ χρῆσθαί τινι Antipho 5.63; ἡμᾶς ἔχειν φίλους And. 1.40; for Hdt. 3.49, v. φίλιος. φίλη, ἡ, dear one, friend, κλῦτε, φίλαι Od. 4.722; λόγοις ἐγὼ φιλοῦσαν οὐ στέργω φίλην S. Ant. 543; of a wife, φίλην τινὰ ἄγεσθαι take as one's wife, Il. 9.146, 288; ἡ Ξέρξου φ., of his mother, A. Pers. 832; of a mistress, X. Mem. 2.1.23, 3.11.16; φίλην ποιήσασθαί τινα Antipho 1.14. φίλον, τό, an object of love, τὸ φ. σέβεσθαι to reverence what the city loves, S. OC 187 (lyr.): addressed to persons, darling, φ. ἐμόν Ar. Ec. 952 (lyr.); so φίλτατον ib. 970; τὰ φίλτατα one's nearest and dearest, dear ones, such as wife and children, A. Pers. 851, Eu. 216, S. OT 366, OC 1110, E. Med. 16: v. φίλτατος; τἀμὰ φίλα, τὰ σὰ φ., Id. Ion 523 (troch.), 613. οἱ πρῶτοι φίλοι, a title at the Ptolemaic court, OGI 99.3, PTeb. 11.4 (ii B. C.), etc.; or simply οἱ φ. τοῦ βασιλέως OGI 100.1; or οἱ φ. alone, ib. 115.4; τῶν φ. και διοικητοῦ one of the king's friends and dioecetes, PTeb. 79.56 (ii B. C.).

2. of things, pleasant, welcome, δόσις ὀλίγη τε φ. τε Od. 6.208, cf. Il. 1.167: c. dat. pers., αἰεὶ γάρ τοι ἔρις τε φίλη 5.891, cf. Od. 8.248, 13.295; οὐ φίλα τοι ἐρέω Hdt. 7.104; δαίμοσιν πράσσειν φίλα their pleasure, A. Pr. 660, cf. infr. 11. freq. as predic., φίλον ἐστί or γίγνεταί μοι pleases me, it is after my own heart, εἴ πού τοι φίλον ἐστί Od. 7.320; μὴ φ. Διὶ πατρὶ γένοιτο ib. 316, cf. Il. 7.387; εἰ τόδε πᾶσι φ. καὶ ἡδὺ γένοιτο 4.17; καί τοι φ. ἔπλετο θυμῷ Od. 13.145, etc.; τοῦτο μὲν ἴτω ὅπῃ τῷ θεῷ φίλον Pl. Revelation 19:1-21 a: less freq. c. inf., οὐ μὲν Τυδέϊ γ' ὧδε φίλον πτωσκαζέμεν Il. 4.372; πεφιδέσθαι ἐνὶ φρεσὶ φίλτερον ἦεν Τρώων 21.101, cf. 24.334, Od. 14.378; so ταῦτα δαίμονί κοω φίλον ἦν οὕτω γενέσθαι Hdt. 1.87, cf. 108, 4.97: rarely c. part., εἰ τόδ' αὐτῷ φιλον κεκλημένῳ if it please him to be so called, A. Ag. 161 (lyr.): agreeing with pl., αἰεί τοι τὰ κάκ' ἐστὶ φίλα φρεσὶ μαντεύεσθαι Il. 1.107, cf. Od. 17.15; ἔνθα φίλ' ὀπταλέα κρέα ἔδμεναι Il. 4.345; σοὶ δ' ἔργα φίλ' ἔστω μέτρια κοσμεῖν Hes. Op. 306. in Hom. and early Poets, one's own; freq. of limbs, life, etc., φίλον δ' ἐξαίνυτο θυμόν he took away dear life, Il. 5.155, cf. 22.58; κατεπλήγη φίλον ἦτορ 3.31; εἰς ὅ κε.. μοι φίλα γούνατ' ὀρώρῃ 9.610; φίλον κατὰ λαιμόν 19.209; esp. of one's nearest kin, πατὴρ φ. 22.408, Sapph. Supp. 20 a. 11; ἄλοχος φ. Il. 5.480: cf. φίλτατος: as a standing epith. when no affection is implied, μητρὶ φίλῃ Ἀλθαίῃ χωόμενος κῆρ angry with his own mother, Il. 9.555: simply to denote possession, φίλα εἵματα 2.261; φ. πόνος their wonted labour, Theoc. 21.20. applied to the numbers 284 and 220, Iamb. in Nic. p.35P.

II less freq. (chiefly poet.) in act. sense, loving, friendly, Od. 1.313, cf. Il. 24.775: c. gen., φίλαν ξένων ἄρουραν friendly to strangers, Pi. N. 5.8, cf. P. 3.5: of things, kindly, pleasing, φίλα φρεσὶ μήδεα εἰδώς Il. 17.325; φίλα φρονέειν τινί feel kindly, Il. 4.219; φ. ἐργάζεσθαί τινι Od. 24.210; φ. εἰδέναι τινί 3.277; φ. ποιέεσθαί τινι deal with one in friendly fashion, do one a pleasure, Hdt. 2.152, 5.37.

2. fond of a thing, attached to, ἄλλων νόμων Arist. Fr. 543; δειλίας φίλον Pl. R. 604d.

III Adv. φίλως, once in Hom., φίλως χ' ὁρόῳτε ye would fain see it, Il. 4.347, cf. Hes. Sc. 45, A. Ag. 247 (lyr.), [1591], etc.; φ. ἐμοί in a manner dear or pleasing to me, ib. 1581.

2. in a friendly, kindly spirit, τήνδε τὴν πόλιν φ. εἰπών S. OC 758; φ. δέχεσθαί τινα X. HG 4.8.5, cf. Pl. Epin. 988c. φίλος

has several forms of comparison:

1 Comp. φιλίων [λῐ], ον, gen. ονος, Od. 19.351, 24.268: Sup. φίλιστος, η, ον, interpol. in S. Aj. 842.

2. Comp. φίλτερος, Sup. φίλτατος, v. sub voce.

3. Comp. φιλαίτερος X. An. 1.9.29, Call. Del. 58: Sup. φιλαίτατος X. HG 7.3.8, Theoc. 7.98.

4. regul. Comp. φιλώτερος X. Mem. 3.11.18 codd., Call. Fr. 146.

5. also as Comp., μᾶλλον φίλος A. Ch. 219, S. Ph. 886; φ. μᾶλλον Thphr. CP 6.1.4; Sup., μάλιστα φ. X. Cyr. 8.1.17.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

φίλη, , see φίλος, 2.

STRONGS NT 5384: φίλος φίλος, φίλη, φίλον, from Homer down, friendly (cf. Liddell and Scott, under the word, I. and II.): φίλον εἶναι τίνι, to be friendly to one, wish him well, Acts 19:31;

1. φίλος, the Sept. for רֵעַ , אֹהֵב, a substantive, a friend: Luke 7:6; Luke 11:5; Luke 15:6; Luke 16:9; Luke 23:12; Acts 27:3; 3 John 1:15(14): joined with συγγενεῖς, Luke 21:16; an associate, opposed to δοῦλος, John 15:15; φίλοι ἀναγκαιοι (A. V. near friends) Latinnecessitate conjuncti, Acts 10:24; φίλε, friend, in kindly address, Luke 14:10; with a genitive of the subject, φίλος τίνος, Luke 11:6,(8); ; John 11:11; John 15:13f; specifically, he who associates familiarly with one, a companion, Matthew 11:19; Luke 7:34; φίλος τοῦ νυμφίου, the rabbinical שׁושְׁבֵּן (which see in Buxtorf or Levy) (i. e. 'son of gladness'), one of the bridegroom's friends who on his behalf asked the hand of the bride and rendered him various services in closing the marriage and celebrating the nuptials (B. D., under the word Marriage, III.; Edersheim, Jewish Social Life, p. 152), John 3:29; φίλος τοῦ Καίσαρος, on Caesar's side, loyal to his interests, John 19:12; Θεοῦ, especially dear to God, peculiarly favored with his intimacy, James 2:23 ((cf. Harnack and Lightfoot on Clement of Rome, 1 Cor. 10, 1 [ET]; Rönsch in the Zeitschr. f. wissenschaftl. Theol. for 1873, p. 583f); also in secular authors cf. Grimm, Exeget. Hdbch. on Wis. 7:27, p. 164); with a genitive of the thing, one who finds his pleasure in a thing, φίλος τοῦ κόσμου, James 4:4.

2. Feminine, φίλη, , a (female) friend: Luke 15:9.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

φίλος , -η , -ον ,

[in LXX chiefly for H7453, H157;]

1. pass., beloved, dear (Hom., Eur., al.).

2. Act., loving, friendly (in cl. less freq. and only in poets): Acts 19:31. As subst., a friend;

(a) masc., ὁ φ .: Luke 7:6; Luke 11:5; Luke 14:10; Luke 15:6; Luke 16:9; Luke 21:16; Luke 23:12, Acts 27:3, 3 John 1:14; opp. to δοῦλος , John 15:15; φ . ἀναγκαῖοι , Acts 10:24; c. gen. subj., Matthew 11:19, Luke 7:34; Luke 11:6; Luke 11:8; Luke 12:4; Luke 14:12; Luke 15:29, John 11:11; John 15:13-14; ὁ φ . τοῦ νυμφίου , John 3:29; τ . Καίσαρος (v. Deiss., BS 167; LAE, 382 f.), John 19:12; θεοῦ (v. Hort, in l),,James 2:23; c. gen. rei, τ , κόσμου , James 4:4;

(b) fem., ἡ φ ., Luke 15:9,†

φίλη , , see φίλος .

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";for the sake of,"; ";by reason of."; In classical Greek χάριν generally follows its case, and so always in the NT, except in 1Jn. 3:12. In the LXX, on the other hand, it generally precedes, and similarly in the papyri, e.g. P Oxy IV. 743.29 (B.C. 2) χάριν τῶν ἐκφορίων, ";for the rents,"; P Tebt II. 410.4 (A.D. 16) χάριν οὗ παρορίζεται ὑπὸ γίτονος, ";on account of the encroachments being made on him by a neighbour"; (Edd.), P Oxy XII. 1583.6 (ii/A.D.) χάριν τοῦ [φαι ]νόλου, and id. VI. 934.13 (iii/A.D.) χάριν τῶν ποτισμῶν. In id. XIV. 1683.18 (late iv/A.D.) χάριν follows—σημί (= εί)ου δὲ χάριν, ";and in proof"; : and in ib. VII. 1068 (iii/A.D.) it is found both before and after its case—.16 χάριν ἀναγκέας χρίας, and .21 Σιμίου χάριν, ";for Simias’s sake."; See also the illiterate BGU III. 948.4 (iv/v A.D.) εὔχομε τὸν παντοκράτορον θεὸν τὰ πε [ρὶ τ ]ῆς ὑγίας σου καὶ ὁλοκληρίας σου χαίριν (l. χάριν), and cf. P Tebt II. 393.16 (A.D. 150) περισπασμῶν χάρειν, ";on account of his anxieties.";

Χάριν in the weakened sense of ";about"; is seen in P Fay 126.5 (ii/iii A.D.) < >πεμψεν ἐπὶ τὴν πενθερά <ν > σου χάριν τοῦ κτήματος ἐπὶ μέλ <λ >ι ὁρίζεσθαι, ";he had sent a message to your mother-in-law about the farm, since the boundaries are to be fixed"; (Edd.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
φιλας φίλας Φιλε Φίλε φιλοι φίλοι φιλοις φίλοις φιλον φίλον φιλος φίλος φίλου φιλους φίλους φίλω φιλων φίλων philas phílas Phile Phíle philoi phíloi philois phílois philon philōn phílon phílōn philos phílos philous phílous
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