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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #5386 - φιλόσοφος

from (G5384) and (G4680)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
  1. a philosopher, one given to the pursuit of wisdom or learning
  2. in a narrower sense, one who investigates and discusses the cause of things and the highest good
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 825 ‑ אַשָּׁף (ash‑shawf');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
NAS (1)
HCS (1)
BSB (1)
ESV (1)
WEB (1)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

φῐλόσοφος, ὁ,

lover of wisdom; Pythagoras called himself φιλόσοφος, not σοφός, Cic Tusc. 5.3.9, D.L. Prooem. 12; τὸν φ. σοφίας φήσομεν ἐπιθυμητὴν εἶναι πάσης Pl. R. 475b, cf. Isoc. 15.271; ὁ ὡς ἀληθῶς φ. Pl. Phd. 64e sq.; φ. φύσει, τὴν φύσιν, Id. R. 376c; φ. τῇ ψυχῇ, opp. φιλόπονος τῷ σώματι, Isoc. 1.40: used of all men of education and learning, joined with φιλομαθής and φιλόλογος, Pl. R. 376c, 582e; opp. σοφιστής, X. Cyn. 13.6, 9; later, academician, of the members of the Museum at Alexandria, OGI 712 (ii A. D.), etc.

2. philosopher, i. e. one who speculates on truth and reality, οἱ ἀληθινοὶ φ., defined as οἱ τῆς ἀληθείας φιλοθεάμονες, Pl. R. 475e; ὁ φιλόσοφος, of Aristotle, Plu. 2.115b; ὁ σκηνικὸς φ., of Euripides, Ath. 13.561a; as the butt of Com., Philem. 71.1, Bato 5.11, Anaxipp. 4, Phoenicid. 4.16.

II as Adj., loving knowledge, philosophic, ἄνδρες Heraclit. 35; ἀνήρ Pl. Phd. 64d; τὸ φ. γένος Id. R. 501e; φ. φύσις ib. 494a; ψυχή ib. 486b; διάνοια ib. 527b; πειθώ Phld. Rh. 1.269 S.; σύνεσις ib.p.211S. (Comp.); οἱ φιλοσοφώτατοι Pl. R. 498a, cf. IG 5(1).598 (Sparta).

2. of arguments, sciences, etc., scientific, philosophic, λόγοι Pl. Phdr. 257b; λόγοι -ώτεροι, of instructive speeches, Isoc. 12.271; -ώτερον ποίησις ἱστορίας Arist. Po. 1451b5; τὸ φ., opp. τὸ θυμοειδές, as an element of the soul, Pl. R. 411e, but = φιλοσοφία, Plu. 2.355b.

3. ingenious, Ar. Ec. 571 (hex.).

III Adv. -φως, διακεῖσθαι πρός τι Isoc. 15.277; φ. ἔχειν περί τινος Pl. Phd. 91a, cf. Cic. Att. 13.20.4, etc.; opp. ῥητορικῶς, Phld. Rh. 2.134S.; Comp. -ωτέρως Arist. Sens. 436a20; -ώτερον Cic. Att. 7.8.3. [ Ar. l. c. has the penult. long, nowhere else found in poetry.]

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

φιλό -σοφος , -ου , ,

[in LXX: Da LXX Daniel 1:20 (H825), 4 Maccabees 1:1; 4 Maccabees 5:35; 4 Maccabees 7:7 *;]

a philosopher: Acts 17:18.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

χάρισμα, which in Pauline usage ";includes all spiritual graces and endowments"; (Lightfoot Notes, p. 148f.), is used of ";gifts"; generally in EGU IV. 1044.5 (iv/A.D.) οἴδατε τὰ χαρίσματα ὧν ποιηκὼς ἡμῖν (l. ἃ πεποίηκα ὑμῖν).

The other exx. which Preisigke (Wört.) cites for the word are late, e.g. the Will of Abraham of Hermonthis, P Lond 77.24 (end vi/A.D.) (= Chrest, II. p. 371), in which he describes hispropertyasacquired ἀπὸ ἀγορασίας καὶ χαρίσματος.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
φιλοσοφων φιλοσόφων philosophon philosophōn philosóphon philosóphōn
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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