the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #5438 - φυλακή
- guard, watch
- a watching, keeping watch
- to keep watch
- persons keeping watch, a guard, sentinels
- of the place where captives are kept, a prison
- of the time (of night) during which guard was kept, a watch i.e. a period of time during which part of the guard was on duty, and at the end of which others relieved them. As the earlier Greeks divided the night commonly into three parts, so, previous to the exile, the Israelites also had three watches in a night; subsequently, however, after they became subject to the Romans, they adopted the Roman custom of dividing the night into four watches
- a watching, keeping watch
no Definition found
φυλακή, φυλακῆς, ἡ (φυλάσσω), from Homer down, the Sept. for מִשְׁמֶרֶת, מִשְׁמָר, מַטָּרָה (a prison), כֶּלֶא (enclosure, confinement), guard, watch, i. e.
a. in an active sense, a watching, keeping watch: φυλάσσειν φυλακάς, to keep watch, Luke 2:8 (often in the Greek writings from Xenophon, an. 2, 6, 10, etc.; Plato legg. 6, p. 758 d. down; (cf. φυλακάς ἔχειν, etc. from Homer (Iliad 9, 1 etc.) on); often also in the Sept. for מִשְׁמָרות שָׁמַר).
b. like the Latincustodia and more frequently the pluralcustodiae (see Klotz, Hdwrbch. (or Harpers' Latin Dict.) under the word), equivalent to persons keeping watch, a guard, sentinels: Acts 12:10 (here A. V. ward) (and very often in secular authors from Homer down).
c. of the place where captives are kept, a prison: Matthew 14:10; Matthew 25:36,(39),43f; Mark 6:17, 27(28); Luke 3:20; Luke 21:12; Luke 22:33; Acts 5:19, 22; Acts 8:3; Acts 12:5f, 17; Acts 16:27, 40; Acts 22:4; Acts 26:10; 2 Corinthians 6:5 (here, as in Hebrews 11:36, A. V. imprisonment); 2 Corinthians 11:23; 1 Peter 3:19; Revelation 18:2 (twice; rendered in A. V. hold and cage (R. V. hold));
d. of the time (of night) during which guard was kept, a watch i. e. the period of time during which a part of the guard were on duty, and at the end of which others relieved them. As the earlier Greeks divided the night commonly into three parts (see Liddell and Scott, under the word I. 4), so, previously to the exile, the Israelites also had three watches in a night; subsequently, however, after they became subject to Rome, they adopted the Roman custom of dividing the night into four watches: Matthew 24:43; ἐν τῇ δευτέρᾳ, τρίτῃ, Luke 12:38; τετάρτῃ, Matthew 14:25; Mark 6:48. Cf. Winer's RWB under the word Nachtwache; (McClintock and Strong's Cyclopaedia, under the word
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φυλακή , -ῆς , ἡ (< φυλάσσω ),
[in LXX chiefly for H4931 and cogn. forms, also for H3608 etc.;]
(a) actively, a guarding, guard, watch (Hom., Plat., Xen., al.): cogn. acc, φυλάσσειν φυλακάς , to keep watch, Luke 2:8;
(b) of those who keep watch (as also Lat. custodia), a guard; pl., sentinels, a guard (Hom., al.): Acts 12:10;
(c) of the place where persons are kept under guard, a prison (Hdt., Thuc., al.): Matthew 14:10, Mark 6:17, Luke 3:20, Acts 5:19, 2 Corinthians 6:5, 1 Peter 3:19, Revelation 18:2, al.;
(d) of the time during which guard was kept by night (Lest. vigilia; Anthol.), a watch: Matthew 14:25; Matthew 24:43, Mark 6:48, Luke 12:38.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
χρηματισμός is commonly used to denote a ";report,"; as in P Lond 20.22 (B.C. 162) ( = I. p. 9, UPZ i. p. 207) ἀξιῶ σε. . ἀναλαβόντα τὸν παρὰ Δωρίωνος χρηματισμὸν ἐπιτελέσαι ἀκολούθως, ib. 17.11 (B.C. 162) ( = I. p. 10, UPZ i. p. 209) τὸ ἀντίγραφον σὺν τῶι γεγονότι πρὸς αὐτὴν χρηματισμῶι προσήφαμεν, and .18 ἐπισταλέντος τοῦ καθήκοντος χρηματισμοῦ. In its only NT occurrence, Rom. 11:4, it is used of ";a divine response,"; ";an oracle"; : see s.v. χρηματίζω.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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