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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4603 - מָעַל

Transliteration
mâ‛al
Phonetics
maw-al'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1230
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to act unfaithfully, act treacherously, transgress, commit a trespass

1a) (Qal) to act unfaithfully or treacherously

1a1) against man

1a2) against God

1a3) against devoted thing

1a4) against husband

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 91 ‑ ἀδικέω (ad‑ee‑keh'‑o);  114 ‑ ἀθετέω (ath‑et‑eh'‑o);  264 ‑ ἁμαρτάνω (ham‑ar‑tan'‑o);  544 ‑ ἀπειθέω (ap‑i‑theh'‑o);  868 ‑ ἀφίστημι (af‑is'‑tay‑mee);  2990 ‑ λανθάνω (lan‑than'‑o);  3845 ‑ παραβαίνω (par‑ab‑ah'ee‑no);  3895 ‑ παραπίπτω (par‑ap‑ip'‑to);  4105 ‑ πλανάω (plan‑ah'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (35)
Leviticus
3
Numbers
3
Deuteronomy
1
Joshua
4
1 Chronicles
3
2 Chronicles
8
Ezra
2
Nehemiah
2
Proverbs
1
Ezekiel
7
Daniel
1
NAS (45)
Leviticus
4
Numbers
2
Deuteronomy
2
Joshua
4
1 Chronicles
4
2 Chronicles
10
Ezra
4
Nehemiah
3
Proverbs
1
Ezekiel
10
Daniel
1
HCS (34)
Leviticus
3
Numbers
3
Deuteronomy
1
Joshua
4
1 Chronicles
2
2 Chronicles
8
Ezra
2
Nehemiah
2
Proverbs
1
Ezekiel
7
Daniel
1
BSB (36)
Leviticus
2
Numbers
3
Deuteronomy
1
Joshua
5
1 Chronicles
3
2 Chronicles
9
Ezra
2
Nehemiah
2
Proverbs
1
Ezekiel
7
Daniel
1
ESV (34)
Leviticus
3
Numbers
3
Deuteronomy
1
Joshua
3
1 Chronicles
3
2 Chronicles
8
Ezra
2
Nehemiah
2
Proverbs
1
Ezekiel
7
Daniel
1
WEB (34)
Leviticus
3
Numbers
2
Deuteronomy
1
Joshua
4
1 Chronicles
3
2 Chronicles
8
Ezra
2
Nehemiah
2
Proverbs
1
Ezekiel
7
Daniel
1
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2349) lom (מאהל MAhL) AC: Transgress CO: ? AB: Transgression: [from: lo- work]

V) lom (מאהל MAhL) - Transgress: To commit an unintentioal or treacherous act that results in error. KJV (35): (vf: Paal) commit, trespass, transgress, done - Strongs: H4603 (מָעַל)

Nm) lom (מאהל MAhL) - Transgression: An unintentional or treacherous act that results in error. KJV (29): trespass, transgression, falsehood, grievously, sore - Strongs: H4604 (מַעַל)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

מָעַל fut. יִמְעַל Proverbs 16:10, and יִמְעֹל Leviticus 5:15.

(1) to act treacherously, to be faithless, Proverbs 16:10; 2 Chronicles 26:18, 29:6, 19 2 Chronicles 29:19; Nehemiah 1:8. מָעַל בַּיהוָֹה to sin against Jehovah, to turn aside from him, Deuteronomy 32:51 often in this phrase, מָעַל מַעַלּ בַּיהוָֹח 1 Chronicles 5:25, 10:13 2 Chronicles 12:2.

(2) followed by בְּ of the thing, to take anything by stealth, Joshua 7:1, 22:20 1 Chronicles 2:7. (Simonis compares مَغَلَ to whisper, to backbite; the idea of which is too foreign to this verb; and مَغَالَةُ perfidy, fraud; which is from the root غال The signification No. 2, is more closely resembled by مَغَلَ to seize, to take by stealth. The primary signification of the root seems to be that of covering; whence מְעִיל; hence to act covertly, unless indeed it be regarded that מָעַל is a secondary root, taken from the noun מַעַל the upmost (compare under נַחַת, שַׁחַת), prop. therefore, to be over or above anything, to possess, to have in one’s power, den Oberherrn machen, fich bemächtigen; compare Ethiop. of similar origin, መዕለየ፡ to tyrannise, to rebel; and also the Hebrew בָּעַל.) [This latter conjectural formation is rejected in Thes.]

Hence מְעִילּ, and

I. מַעַל masc. perfidy, treachery (against God), sin, Job 21:34 elsewhere only in the phrase מָעַל מַעַל בְּ, see the examples cited above.

II. מַעַל masc. (formed from מַעֲלֶה, from the root עָלָח), prop. higher, the higher part; hence as an adv. above. (This word may be suspected to be the same as מַעַל No. I, see the etymological note on the root מָעַל.)

Only found with the prefixes and affixes

(1) מִמַּעַל from above, Isaiah 45:8, and above (comp. מִן No. 3, c), Deuteronomy 5:8; Amos 2:9; Job 18:16. Followed by לְ, מִמַּעַל לְ

(a) above, upon (oberhalb von etwas), as Genesis 22:9, מִמַּעַל לָעֶצִים “upon the wood.” Daniel 12:6, מִמַּעַל לְמֵימֵי הַיְאֹר “upon the water of the river.”

(b) near, by, Isaiah 6:2, “the seraphs stood מִמַּעַל לוֹ,” LXX. κύκλῳ αὐτοῦ. Comp. עַל used of people accompanying a leader, Exodus 18:13, 14 Exodus 18:14; Judges 3:19 especially Job 1:6.

(2) with ה local, מַעְלָה

(a) upwards, 1 Kings 7:31. מַעְלָה מַעְלָה upwards more and more, Deuteronomy 28:43.

(b) farther, more, 1 Samuel 9:2 used especially of time, Numbers 1:20 also, onward, 1 Samuel 16:13.

(3) לְמַעְלָה

(a) upwards, Isaiah 7:11; Ecclesiastes 3:21; Ezekiel 1:27. לְמַעְלָה לְמַעְלָה 41:7. Followed by a noun, Ezra 9:6, לְמַעְלָה רֹאשׁ “over the head.”

(b) beyond, 1 Chronicles 23:27; 2 Chronicles 31:17. Opp. to לְמַטָּה. לְמַעְלָה מִן over any thing, i.e. besides that which, 1 Chronicles 29:3. עַד־לְמַעְלָה unto a high degree, i.e. in a higher degree, exceedingly, 2 Chronicles 16:12, 17:12 26:8.

(4) מִלְמַעְלָה from above, Genesis 6:16, 7:20 Exodus 25:21, 26:14 36:19 Joshua 3:13, 16 Joshua 3:16.

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List of Word Forms
בְּמַֽעֲלוֹ֙ בְּמַעֲל֧וֹ במעלו הַמַּ֤עַל המעל וַיִּֽמְעֲל֔וּ וַיִּמְעֲל֧וּ וַיִּמְעַ֖ל וַתִּמְעֹ֣ל וּמָע֥וֹל וּמָעֲלָ֥ה וימעל וימעלו ומעול ומעלה ותמעל יִמְעַל־ ימעל־ לִמְע֣וֹל לִמְעָל־ לִמְעֹ֖ל לִמְעֹ֥ל למעול למעל למעל־ מְעַלְתֶּ֔ם מְעַלְתֶּ֜ם מְעַלְתֶּ֥ם מְעַלְתֶּם֙ מַ֔עַל מַעֲל֖וֹ מַעֲלָ֖ם מָ֣עֲלוּ מָ֤עַל מָֽעֲלוּ־ מָֽעַל׃ מָעֲל֔וּ מָעֲל֖וּ מָעֲל֣וּ מָעַ֔לְתָּ מָעַ֖ל מָעַ֣לְנוּ מעל מעל׃ מעלו מעלו־ מעלם מעלנו מעלת מעלתם תִּמְעָ֔לוּ תִמְעֹ֣ל תמעל תמעלו bə·ma·‘ă·lōw bəma‘ălōw bemaaLo ham·ma·‘al hamma‘al hamMaal lim‘āl- lim‘ōl lim‘ōwl lim·‘āl- lim·‘ō·wl lim·‘ōl limOl ma‘al mā‘al ma‘ălām mā‘alnū ma‘ălōw mā‘altā mā‘ălū mā‘ălū- ma·‘ă·lām ma·‘ă·lōw mā·‘ă·lū mā·‘ă·lū- ma·‘al mā·‘al mā·‘al·nū mā·‘al·tā Maal maaLam maAlnu maaLo maAlta maaLu mə‘altem mə·‘al·tem mealTem tim‘ālū ṯim‘ōl tim·‘ā·lū ṯim·‘ōl timAlu timOl ū·mā·‘ă·lāh ū·mā·‘ō·wl ūmā‘ălāh ūmā‘ōwl umaaLah umaol vaiyimAl vaiyimaLu vattimOl wat·tim·‘ōl wattim‘ōl way·yim·‘ă·lū way·yim·‘al wayyim‘al wayyim‘ălū yim‘al- yim·‘al- yimal
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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מַעַל