Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #5443 - φυλή
- a tribe
- in the NT all the persons descending from one of the twelve sons of the patriarch, Jacob
- a nation, people
(φύω) prop., like cross φῦλον,
a race, tribe; but acc. to Dicaearch.Hist. 9 a union formed in an organized community (whether πόλις or ἔθνος): hence, tribe, i.e.
I a body of men united
1 by supposed ties of blood and descent, clan, such as the three Dorian tribes, Rhetra ap. Plu. Lyc. 6, Hdt. 5.68, St.Byz. s. vv. Ὑλλεῖς, Δυμᾶνες, IG 4.596 (Argos); of the four Ionic tribes, Hdt. 5.69, Arist. Ath. 8.3, Plu. Sol. 19, etc.; of the Laconian, Hdt. 4.145; of the old Roman, D.H. 2.7, etc.; of the Persian, X. Cyr. 1.2.5 and 12; of the Jewish, LXX Numbers 1:4, al. (but also of subdivisions of the tribe (σκῆπτρον), ib. 1 Ki. 10.20.21), Matthew 19:28, etc.
2. by local habitation, such as the ten local tribes at Athens formed by Cleisthenes, Hdt. 5.69, 6.131, IG 12.10.44, al.; or those formed by Servius at Rome, φ. τοπικαί, opp. γενικαί, D.H. 4.14, cf. Plu. Rom. 20; in Roman Egypt, BGU 1113.3 (i B.C.), PFlor. 39.4 (iv A. D.), etc., cf. (in general) Arist. Pol. 1264a8, 1300a25, 1309a12, Pl. Lg. 753c, etc.
3. subdivision of the priests in each Egyptian temple, OGI 56.24 (Canopus, iii B. C.), PAmh. 2.112.7 (ii A. D.), etc.
II military contingent furnished by a tribe, among the Athenians, Hdt. 6.111, IG 12.1085; ὁπλιτῶν Th. 6.98, cf. 3.90, X. HG 4.2.19, Pl. Lg. 755c, 755d; ταξίαρχος εἰς τὴν φυλὴν κατατάξας Lys. 13.79.
2. representatives of a tribe, on political bodies, φυλῆς πρυτανευούσης, προεδρευούσης, IG 1.26a16, SIG 589.2 (Magn.Mae., ii B.C.), etc.
III of things, = cross γένος, kind, species, κατὰ φυλὰς διεκρίνομεν τὰ ἔπιπλα X. Oec. 9.6.
φυλή , ῆς , ἡ ,
a body of men united by kinship or habitation, a clan or tribe: of the tribes of Israel, Matthew 19:28, Luke 2:36; Luke 22:30, Acts 13:21, Romans 11:1, Philippians 3:5, Hebrews 7:13-14, James 1:1, Revelation 5:5; Revelation 7:4-8; Revelation 21:12; of the tribes of the earth, the peoples and nations, Matthew 24:30, Revelation 1:7; Revelation 5:9; Revelation 7:9; Revelation 11:9; Revelation 13:7; Revelation 14:6.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
";virtuous,"; ";excellent,"; as in 1Co. 15:33, is well illustrated by P Oxy III. 642 (ii/A.D.) ἀπολαύσωμεν τῷ χρηστῷ ὑμῶν ἤθει, ib. XIV. 1663.11 (ii/iii A.D.) διὰ τὸ ἦθος τὸ χρηστόν, ";on account of his excellent character,"; and ib. VII. 10 (iii/A.D.), a pompous letter from a man to his wife in which he speaks of τῶν χρηστῶν ἐλπίδων τῶν ἐν ἀνθρώποισι νε [[σ ]]νομισμένων, ";the good hopes that are held by mankind"; (Ed.). See also the citation from the Avircius inscr, s.v. πατρίς.
The thought of ";gracious,"; as in Luk. 6:35, appears in P Leid Wvii. 26 (ii/iii A.D.) ( = I. p. 103) κλῦτί μοι (l. κλῦθί μοι), ὁ χρηστὸς ἐν βαζάνοις (l. βασ -), βοήθησον ἐν ἀνάγκαις, and in such a προσκύνημα as Preisigke 158.1 Ἀνδρόμαχος. . ἀφίκετο πρὸς Ἀμενώθην χρηστὸν θεὸν. . . καὶ ὁ θεὸς αὐτῶι ἐβοήθησε. Note also the common use of the adj. as a descriptive epithet in sepulchral inscrr., e.g. Preisigke 9.4 ἄωρε χρηστὲ χαῖρε, 10.5, al. and its occurrence as a proper name in P Grenf I. 49.11 (A.D. 220–1) ὑπὸ τοῦ λαμπροτάτου ἡγεμόνος Γεμεινίου Χρήστου, al. See also s.v. Χριστιανός.
Its use with reference to things may be seen in P Cairo Zen III. 59349.7 (B.C. 244) εἰ ἔστιν ἤδη χρηστόν, ";if it is now fit for use,"; of a jar of wine, P Oxy XVII. 2148.4 (A.D. 27) ἐκομισάμην τὴν σεμίδ ̣[αλ ]ι ̣ν χρηστὴν οὖσαν, ";I received the fine flour which was good"; (Ed.), .16 ἐάν τι ποιῇς χρηστόν, περιποίησον εἰς οἶκον ἀδελ [φ ]ω ̣ν, ";if you make anything good, make an extra amount for your brothers’ house"; (Ed.), and ib. VI. 937.28 (iii/A.D.) δικότυλον ἐλαίου χρηστοῦ, ";two cotylae of good oil"; (Edd.).
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Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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