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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #5547 - Χριστός
Christ = "anointed"
- Christ was the Messiah, the Son of God
ή, όν, (χρίω)
to be rubbed on, used as ointment or salve, opp. πιστός, A. Pr. 480, cf. E. Hipp. 516, Triclin.ad Theoc. 11.1; τὸ ἔλαιον τὸ χ. anointing oil, LXX Leviticus 21:10.
II of persons, anointed, ὁ ἱερεύς ὁ χ. ib. 4.5, 16, 6.22: pl., ib. 2 Maccabees 1:10.
2. esp. of the Kings of Israel, ὁ χ. Κυρίου ib. 1 Samuel 24:7, cf. Psalms 18:50 (17). 51; also τῷ χ. μου Κύρῳ Isaiah 45:1; pl., of the patriarchs, Psalms 105:15 (104). 15.
3. in NT, ὁ χ. the Messiah, Matthew 2:4, etc.; ὁ χ. Κυρίου Luke 2:26; then used as pr. n. of Jesus, Ἰησοῦς χ. Matthew 1:1, etc.; Ἰησοῦς ὁ λεγόμενος χ. ib. 16.
χριστός, χριστη, χριστόν (χρίω), the Sept. for מָשִׁיחַ, anointed: ὁ ἱερεύς ὁ χριστός, Leviticus 4:5; Leviticus 6:22; οἱ χριστοι ἱερεῖς, 2 Macc. 1:10; the patriarchs are called, substantively, οἱ χριστοι Θεοῦ, Psalm 104:15
1. of the Messiah, viewed in his generic aspects (the word, that is to say, being used as an appellative rather than a proper name), ὁ χριστός: Matthew 2:4; Matthew 16:16; Matthew 23:10; Matthew 24:5, 23; Matthew 26:63; Mark 8:29; Mark 12:35; Mark 13:21; Mark 14:61; Luke 3:15; Luke 4:41; Luke 20:41; Luke 22:67 (
2. It is added, as an appellative (`Messiah', 'anointed'), to the proper name Ἰησοῦς a. Ἰησοῦς ὁ χριστός, Jesus the Christ (`Messiah'): Acts 5:42 R G;
b. below)), Matthew 27:22; without the article Ἰησοῦς Χριστός, Jesus as Christ or Messiah, John 17:3; 1 John 4:2; 2 John 1:7 (but in all three examples it seems better to take χριστός as a proper name (see b. below)); ὁ Χριστός Ἰησοῦς, the Christ (Messiah) who is Jesus, (Matthew 1:18 WH marginal reading (see b. below)); Acts 5:42 L T Tr WH (R. V. Jesus as the Christ); Acts 19:4 Rec. b. ὁ Χριστός is a proper name (cf. Winers Grammar, § 18, 9 N. 1; (as respects the use of a large or a small initial letter the critical editions vary: Tdf. seems to use the capital initial in all cases; Treg. is inconsistent (using a small letter, for instance, in all the examples under 1 above, except Luke 22:67 and John 4:29; in Matthew 1:1 a capital in Mark 1:1 a small letter, etc.); WH have adopted the principle of using a capital when the article is absent and avoiding it when the article is present (1 Pet. being intentionally excepted; the small letter being retained also in such examples as Luke 2:11; Luke 23:2; Acts 2:36, etc.); see WH. Introductory § 415])]): Matthew 1:17; Matthew 11:2; Romans 1:16 Rec.;
a. above)), Matthew 1:16. on the phrases ἐν Χριστῷ, ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ, see ἐν, I. 6 b., p. 211b (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 20, 2 a.). Χριστός and Ἰησοῦς Χριστός ἐν τισίν, preached among, 2 Corinthians 1:19; Colossians 1:21 (others (so R. V.) would take ἐν here internally (as in the following examples), within; cf. ἐν, I. 2); Χριστός ἐν τισίν is used of the person of Christ, who by his holy power and Spirit lives in the souls of his followers, and so moulds their characters that they bear his likeness, Romans 8:10 (cf. 9); 2 Corinthians 13:5; Galatians 2:20; Ephesians 3:17; a mind conformed to the mind of Christ, Galatians 4:19.
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(Χρ -), -ή , -όν
[in LXX for H4899 and cogn. forms;]
1. as adj.,
(a) of things, anointing, to be used as ointment (Æsch., Eur., al.; τ . ἔλαιον τὸ χ ., Leviticus 21:10);
(b) of persons, anointed (ὁ ἱερεὺς ὁ χ ., Leviticus 4:6; οἱ χ . ἱερεῖς , 2 Maccabees 1:10): ὁ χ . τοῦ κυρίου or θεοῦ (1 Samuel 2:10, Psalms 2:2, al.), of the Messiah (Aram., מְשִׁיחָא cf. Dalman, Words, 289 ff.), Luke 2:11; Luke 2:26, John 1:41, Acts 2:36; Acts 4:26, al.
2. As subst., ὁ Χριστός , the Messiah, the Christ: Matthew 2:4, Mark 8:29, Luke 2:11, John 1:20, Acts 2:31, Romans 7:4, al,; Ἰησοῦς Χ ., Mark 1:1, John 1:17, Acts 2:38, al.,; Χ . Ἰησοῦς , Matthew 1:18, WH, mg., Acts 5:42, Romans 6:3, al.; Χ . κύριος ,, Luke 2:11; Ἰησοῦς Χ . ὁ κύριος , Acts 15:26, Romans 1:7, al.
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