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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #584 - ἀποδείκνυμι

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G575) and (G1166)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to point away from one's self, to point out, show forth, to expose to view, exhibit
  2. to declare, to show, to prove what kind of person anyone is, to prove by arguments, demonstrate
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 7200 ‑ רָאָה (raw‑aw');  7981 ‑ שְׁלֵט (shel‑ate');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (4)
Acts 2
1 Corinthians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
NAS (4)
Acts 2
1 Corinthians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
CSB (4)
Acts 2
1 Corinthians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
BSB (4)
Acts 2
1 Corinthians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
ESV (4)
Acts 2
1 Corinthians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
WEB (6)
Acts 4
1 Corinthians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


(and ἀποδεικ-ύω X. Smp. 8.20, Plb. 7.14.3), Ion. ἀποδεικ-δέκνῦμι GDI 5653b14 (Chios, v B. C.), fut. -δείξω, Ion. -δέξω: —


1. point away from other objects at one, and so: I point out, display, make known, whether by deed or word, σφι γνώμας Hdt. 1.171,al.; τάφους καὶ συγγένειαν Th. 1.26; ἦθος τὸ πρόσθε τοκήων A. Ag. 727; ἀρετήν Hyp. Epit. 29; τὰ τῆς τεχνης ἐξευρήματα Hp. Praec. 9; proclaim, τὴν ἡμέρην GDI l. c.; Pass., τῶν οῠρων ἀποδεχθέντων SIG 134b22 (Milet., iv B. C.).

2. bring forward, produce, μαρτύρια τούτων Hdt. 5.45; πολλοὺς παῖδας Id. 1.136, cf. S. OT 1405, Isoc. 19.6, X. Cyr. 1.2.5; ἐπόχους 8.1.35; ἀ. τρόπαια And. 1.147; χρήματα πλεῖστ' ἀ. ἐν τῷ κοινῷ Ar. Eq. 774; μορφὴν ἑτέραν E. Fr. 839.14 (v.l. ἐπέδειξεν): c. part., ὑγιέα τινὰ ἐόντα ἀ. produce him safe and sound, Hdt. 3.130, cf. 134.

3. produce, deliver accounts, τὸν λόγον Id. 7.119; ἀ. τετρακόσια τάλαντα τετελεσμένα ib. 118.

4. publish a law, Lys. 30.11, X. HG 2.3.11.

5. appoint, assign, τέμενος ἀ. τινί Hdt. 5.67, 89; βωμόν τινι Id. 7.178; ἓν βουλευτήριον Th. 2.15; γῆς ὅρους ib. 72; τὴν τρίτην ἀ. ἐκκλησίαν to fix, prescribe it, D. 24.25: Pass., τοῖσί ἐστι χῶρος ἀποδεδεγμένος Hdt. 1.153; τροφὴ αὐτοῖσι τοιαύτη ἀποδέδεκται Id. 2.65. c. inf., κώμας ὅθεν ἀπέδειξαν οἱ ἡγεμόνες λαμβάνειν τὰ ἐπιτήδεια whence they appointed that they should receive.., X. An. 2.3.14: Pass., τοῖσι ἀποδεδέχθαι.. ἕλκειν (impers.) it had been appointed them to draw, Hdt. 2.124.

6. show by argument, prove, demonstrate, Ar. Nu. 1334, Arist. AP 0.75b37, etc.; ἀ. σαφεῖς τὰς ἀποδείξεις And. 2.3; ἀ. ὡς.. Ar. V. 548, Pl. R. 472d; ὅτι.. Id. Prt. 323c, etc.; πότερον.. .. Id. Alc. 1.114b: c. dupl. acc., prove one so and so, οὓς ἀποδείξω λέκτρων προδότας E. Ion 879, etc.; τοιούτους τινάς Hp. Decent. 4: folld. by part., ἀ. λόγῳ.. οὐδὲν μετεόν Hdt. 5.94; ἀ. τινὰ λέγοντα οὐδέν make it evident that.., 7.17, cf. 2.133.

II show forth a person or thing as so and so, hence:

1 appoint, proclaim, create, ἀ. τινὰ στρατηγόν X. An. 1.1.2, al.: c. inf., στρατηγὸν εῖναι Hdt. 5.25; ἀ. τούτους τὴν πόλιν νέμειν ib. 29; ἑαυτὸν ὅτι ἐστὶ θεός 2 Thessalonians 2:4 : Pass., to be so created, Hdt. 1.124, 162; μελεδωνοὶ ἀποδεδέχαται τῆς τροφῆς 2.65; ἀπεδέχθη εῖναι ἵππαρχος 7.154; αὐτοκράτωρ ἀποδέδεικται POxy. 1021.7 (i A. D.); ὕπατος ἀποδεδειγμένος, = Lat. consul designatus, OGI 379.5 (Tiflis), etc.

2. make, render, mostly with an Adj., ἀ. τινὰς μοχθηροτάτους make them finished rascals, Ar. Ra. 1011; ἀ. κρατίστους τοὺς λόχους X. Cyr. 2.1.23; γοργότερον ἀ. τὸν ἵππον Id. Eq. 1.10; ζῷον ἀγριώτερον Pl. Grg. 516b: with a Subst., γέλωτα ἀ. τινά Id. Tht. 166a, cf. Phd. 72c: c. part., βλέποντ' ἀποδείξω σ' ὀξύτερον τοῦ Λυγκέως Ar. Pl. 210; ἀ. τινὰς ἀλλοτρίους ὄντας Pl. Smp. 179c: Pass., πολέμιοι ἀποδεδειγμένοι declared enemies, X. An. 7.1.26, cf. D. 23.200.

3. represent as, ἀ. παῖδα πατρὸς ἑωυτῶν ἕκαστον ἐόντα Hdt. 2.143, cf. Lys. 32.17: Pass., ἀνδραγαθίη δ' αὕτη ἀποδέδεκται is represented, considered as.., Hdt. 1.136; οὐδὲ.. οὗτοι ἐν τοῖσι ἄλλοισι θεοῖσι ἀποδεδέχαται have not been considered, admitted among.., 2.43: these two last examples may be pass. usages of ἀποδέχομαι.

4. c. inf., ordain a thing or person to be, X. Oec. 7.30, Lac. 10.7.

5. dedicate, consecrate, θέατρον Plu. Luc. 29: Pass., νεὼς ἀποδέδεικται Luc. Tox. 5. Med., show forth, exhibit something of one's own, ἀποδέξασθαι τὴν γνώμην deliver one's opinion, Hdt. 1.170, 207, cf. Th. 1.87; also ἀ. μεγάλα ἔργα Hdt. 1.59, al.; ἀξιαπηγητότατα ib. 16; οὐδὲν λαμπρὸν ἔργον ib. 174; ἀ. ἀρετάς display high qualities, Pi. N. 6.49 (cf. supr. A. 1.2); πνεύματα εἰς ἄλληλα στάσιν.. ἀποδεικνύμενα A. Pr. 1088; of buildings and the like, μνημόσυνα ἀ. Hdt. 2.101; χώματα ἀξιοθέητα 1.184; οὐδεμίαν στρατηΐην ἀ.

1. not to have any military service to show, 2.111: Pass., ἔργα μεγάλα καὶ θαυμαστὰ.. ἀποδεχθέντα Id. Prooem., cf. 9.27.

2. Med. in act. sense, ἀποδεδειγμένοι ἦσαν ὅτι had declared that.., X. An. 5.2.9. Pass., v. supr. 1.5, 11.1, 2, 3: aor. ἀπεδείχθην is always Pass., as Hdt. 7.154; and so mostly pf. ἀποδέδειγμαι, 1.136, Antipho 2.4.10, X. An. 7.1.26; but the part. of the latter is sts. Act., v. supr. B. 2.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀποδείκνυμι; 1 aorist ἀπέδειξα; perfect passive participle ἀποδεδειγμένος; (frequent in Greek writings from Pindar Nem. 6, 80 down);

1. properly, to point away from oneself, to point out, show forth; to expose to view, exhibit (Herodotus 3, 122 and often): 1 Corinthians 4:9. Hence,

2. to declare: τινα, to show, prove what kind of a person anyone is, Acts 2:22 (where manuscript D gives the gloss (δεδοκιμ)ἀσμενον); 2 Thessalonians 2:4 (Lachmann marginal reading ἀποδειγνυοντα). to prove by arguments, demonstrate: Acts 25:7. Cf. Winer's De verb. comp. etc. Part iv., p. 16f.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀπο -δείκνυμι ,

[in LXX: Ezra 2:9 (H7200), al.;]

1. to bring out, show forth, exhibit (Lft., Notes, 200; ICC, in l): 1 Corinthians 4:9.

2. to declare, show: Acts 2:22

3. to prove: Acts 25:7.

4. As freq. in late Gk., to proclaim to an office: seq. ὅτι , 2 Thessalonians 2:4 (Milligan, in l; MM, s.v.; Lft., Notes. 113.)†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Alex 4.6 (iii/B.C.) (= Witkowski.2, p. 51) ἀποδείξομέν σε, ";we shall report you."; For the middle cf. Syll 521.19 (B.C. 100) the newly admitted ephebi ποιησάμενοι. . . μελέτην ἐν τοῖς ὅπλοις ἀπεδείξαντο τοῖς. . . Θησείοις. The verb is very common in the sense of ";appoint"; or ";nominate"; : in P Ryl II. 153.17 (A.D. 138–61) ἀποδίγνυμι τὸν υἱόν as heir to my estate. Generally it is used of ";proclaiming"; an appointment to public office. Thus in the rough draft of a public proclamation of the accession of Nero we are told ὁ δὲ τῆς οἰκουμένης καὶ προσδοκηθεὶς καὶ ἐλπισθεὶς Αὐτοκράτωρ ἀποδέδεικται, ";the expectation and hope of the world has been declared Emperor"; (P Oxy VII. 1021.5 ff., A.D. 54), and in the same Emperor’s speech to the Greeks he describes himself as δ [η ]μαρχικῆς ἐξουσίας τὸ τρισκαιδέκατον ἀποδεδειγμένος = designatus (Syll 376.33, A.D. 67, with Dittenberger’s note). Other examples are P Petr III. 36 (a) verso .17 ἐπ [ ] τῶν ἀποδεδειγμένων ἐπισκόπων ";in the presence of the appointed supervisors,"; P Gen I. 36.2 (ii/A.D.) Ἀνουβίωνι ἀποδ [εδε ]ιγμένῳ γυμνασιάρχῳ, and from the inscriptions OGIS 437.92 (i/B.C.) οἱ ὑφ᾽ ἑκατέρων τῶν δήμων ἀποδειχθέντες ἄνδρες ἐπὶ τῶν συλλύσεων Σαρδιανῶν, Syll 409.11 (ii/A.D.) ἀποδειχ [θέν ]τος ὑπὸ θεοῦ Ἁδριανοῦ, etc.

This use of the verb adds point to 2 Thessalonians 2:4, where the man of lawlessness is decribed as ἀποδεικνύντα ἑαυτὸν ὅτι ἔστιν θεός —he actually ";proclaims"; himself as God (see further Milligan ad l.). For the other meaning, ";demonstrate,"; as in Acts 25:7, cf. P Par 15.34 f. (B.C. 120) ἠρώτησεν τὸν Ἑρμίαν εἴ τινα ἀποδείξιν παράκειται (so Radermacher Gr. p. 152 f.) ὥς ἐστιν αὐτοῦ προγονική, P Lond. 904.84 (A.D. 104—see above, under ἀπογραφή) (= III. p. 126) οἱ ἀποδ [εί ]ξαντες ἀναγκ [αίαν α ] ̣τῶν τὴν παρου [σίαν, who have ";proved"; their inability to return home for the census, P Fay 32.15 (A.D. 131) πρότερον ἀποδίξω ὑπάρχειν ";I will first establish my title to the ownership"; (Edd.), and BGU II. 388ii. 19 (ii/iii A.D.) ἐκ τῆς κατ᾽ οἰκίαν ἀπογραφῆς ἀποδείκνυται, τίνος ἐστὶν δοῦλος. The verb in MGr (ἀποδείχνω) means ";prove.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
απεδειξεν απέδειξεν ἀπέδειξεν αποδεδειγμένα αποδεδειγμενον αποδεδειγμένον ἀποδεδειγμένον αποδεικνυντα ἀποδεικνύντα αποδεικνύοντα αποδειξαι αποδείξαι ἀποδεῖξαι αποδείξη apedeixen apédeixen apodedeigmenon apodedeigménon apodeiknunta apodeiknynta apodeiknýnta apodeixai apodeîxai
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