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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #659 - ἀποτίθημι
1. put away, stow away, δέπας δ' ἀπέθηκ' ἐνὶ χηλῷ Il. 16.254, cf. X. An. 2.3.15; ἀ. εἰς δεσμωτήριον Lycurg. 112: metaph., 'pigeon-hole', class, Phlp. in Ph. 361.22.
2. expose a child, Pl. Tht. 161a.
II Med. (aor. I part. ἀποθησαμένη Hsch.),
1. put away from oneself, lay aside, τεύχεα κάλ' ἀποθέσθαι ἐπὶ χθονί Il. 3.89; τὴν Σκυθικὴν στολὴν ἀ. put it off, Hdt. 4.78; ἀ. κόμας cut it off, in mourning, E. Hel. 367 (lyr., tm.); ἀ. τὸν νόμον set aside, i.e. disregard, the law, Th. 1.77; ἀ. τὰν Ἀφροδίταν quell desire, E. IA 558 (lyr.); ἀ. ῥᾳθυμίαν D. 4.8, 8.46; ὀργήν Plu. Cor. 19; ἀρχήν Id. Pomp. 23.
2. put away from oneself, avoid, ἀποθέσθαι ἐνιπήν wipe away the reproach, Il. 5.492, cf. Hes. Op. 762; νόστον ἔχθιστον ἀπεθήκατο Pi. O. 8.68, cf. 10(11).40.
3. put by for oneself, stow away, Ar. Eq. 1219, X. Cyr. 6.1.15; ἀ. τροφὴν τοῖς νεοττοῖς Arist. HA 619a20; ἀ. τινὰ εἰς φυλακήν Plb. 23.10.8; freq. of drugs, Dsc. 4.136, al., cf. PEleph. 12 (iii B.C.); ἐν φυλακῇ Matthew 14:3. bury, IG 14.1974.
4. ἀποτίθεσθαι εἰς αὖθις put off, defer, E. IT 376, Pl. Grg. 449b, X. Smp. 2.7, etc.; εἰς τοὺς παῖδας ἀ. τὰς τιμωρίας Lys. Fr. 53.3.
5. reserve, keep back, Pl. Lg. 887c, Din. 1.30.
6. ἀπεθήκατο κόλπων, of a woman, laid down the burden of her womb, i.e. bore a child, Call. Dian. 25; ἀ. ὠδῖνας Str. 10.5.2: but,
7. μηδὲν ἀποτίθεσθαι τῶν γιγνομένων expose none of one's children, Arist. Pol. 1335b22.
8. ἀ. χρόνον εἴς τι employ, bestow time upon it, Plb. 18.9.10.
9. set a fracture, Pall. in Hp.Fract. 12.276 C.; cf. ἀπόθεσις.
ἀπο -τίθημι ,
[in LXX chiefly for H5117 hi.;]
to put off or aside; in NT always mid.,
(a) to put of from oneself as a garment: τ . ἱμάτια , Acts 7:58; metaph., in ethical sense, to put of, lay aside: Romans 13:12, Ephesians 4:22; Ephesians 4:25, Colossians 3:8, Hebrews 12:1, James 1:21, 1 Peter 2:1;
(b) to stow away, put: ἐν τ . φυλακῇ (MM, s.v.), Matthew 14:3.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The phrase of Matthew 14:3 (LXX al.) is found nearly in P Eleph 12 (B.C. 223–2) γεγράφαμεν. . . τῶι φυλακίτηι. . . ἀποθέσθαι αὐτοὺς εἰς τὴν φυλακήν. The label on a mummy, Preisigke 3553, has ἀποτεθ (ειμένη) following ἔνδον ἐστίν, ";is enclosed within."; In P Flor II. 125.2 (A.D. 254) τα᾽ ἀποτεθέντα γένη ἐν Φιλαγρίδι is ";the goods that were stored at P."; So P Ryl II. 125.14 (A.D. 28–9) τὰ ὑπὸ τῆς μητρός μου ἀποτεθειμένα ἐν πυξιδίῳ ἔτι ἀπὸ τοῦ ι ̄ς ̄ [ἔτους) Καίσαρος, ";certain articles deposited in a little box by my mother as far back as in the 16th year of Augustus"; (Edd.). A weakening of the sense of the verb is seen in the fourth century P Oxy I. 120.13 f. παραμένοντά μοι ἄχρις ἂν γνῶ πῶς τὰ κατ᾽ αἰμαὶ ἀποτίθαιται, ";to stay with me until I know the position of my affairs"; (Edd.).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Second Week after Epiphany