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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #665 - ἀποτρέπω

from (575) and the base of (5157)
Parts of Speech
  1. to turn one's self away from
  2. to shun, avoid
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
2 Timothy
NAS (1)
2 Timothy
HCS (1)
2 Timothy
BSB (1)
2 Timothy
WEB ( 0 )
WEB (2)
2 Timothy
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions



1. turn away from, εἰ δὲ σὺ.. τιν' ἄλλον.. ἀποτρέψεις πολέμοιο Il. 12.249, cf. 20.256; ὅθεν.. ἀπέτραπε λαὸν Ἀθήνη 11.758; deter or dissuade from, τινός τινα Th. 3.39; τινὰ τῆς κακουργίας Id. 6.38; τῆς γνώμης And. 3.21, etc.: c. inf., ἀ. προσωτέρω τὸ μὴ πορεύεσθαι Hdt. 1.105; ἀ. βοᾶν A. Supp.. 900 (lyr.); δηλοῦν D. 60.26, cf. X. Mem. 4.7.5, 6: c. part., ἀ. τινὰ ὑβρίζοντα A. Supp. 880: Pass., ὁ παραβαίνειν τι βουλόμενος τῷ μὴ προὔχων ἂν ἐπελθεῖν -τρέπεται Th. 3.11, cf. Plu. Fab. 19.

2. c. acc. pers. only, turn away or back, πάντας ἀπέτραπε καὶ μεμαῶτας Il. 15.276: c. dat. modi, οὔ μ' ἐπέεσσιν ἀποτρέψεις μεμαῶτα 20.256, cf. 109; τοὺς ἀλαζόνας ἀ. deter them, Pl. Chrm. 173c; opp. παροξῦναι, D. 21.37; opp. συμβουλεύω, Arist. Rh. 1391b33, etc.

3. c. acc. rei, turn back again, ποτὶ χέρσον ἔντεα ναός Pi. N. 4.69.

4. turn aside, avert, ἀπὸ δὲ.. ἔγχεος ὁρμὴν ἔτραπε Hes. Sc. 455; pervert, δίκας κέλευθον ὀρθᾶς B. 10.27; τὸ σφάλμα ἀ. prevent, avert it, Hdt. 1.207; τὸ μέλλον γενέσθαι Id. 3.65, cf. 8.29, al.; ἀ. βλάβην, συμφοράν, Pl. Grg. 509b, Phdr. 231d; ἀ. τὴν εἰρήνην prevent its being made, X. HG 6.3.12.

5. turn from others against one, ἐπὶ τῷδε.. οὐκ ἔγχος τις.. ἀποτρέψει; v. l. in S. Tr. 1013 (lyr.): Pass., ἀποτετράφθαι πρὸς τὴν ἄλλην Ἰταλίαν Plu. Fab. 19: Med., ἀποτραπόμενος πρὸς θυσίαν, i.e. turning away from other objects to this one, Id. Romans 7:1-25; εἰς τὴν μεσογείαν -τραπόμενος Luc. Tox. 52.

II Med. and (later) Pass.,

1. turn from, desist from, c. part., ἀπετράπετ' ὄβριμος Ἕκτωρ ὀλλὺς Ἀργείους Il. 10.200: c. inf., λέγειν E. Or. 410, cf. Antipho 5.32, D. Prooem. 23 (b); ἀ. ἐκ κινδύνων Th. 2.40; ἀ. τοῦ ἐρωτήματος X. Oec. 15.13.

2. turn away, turn a deaf ear, οὐδέ.. ἀπετράπετ' οὐδ' ἀπίθησεν Il. 12.329: abs., Pl. Smp. 206d.

3. c. acc. rei, turn away from, shrink from, δεῖμα πολιτῶν A. Th. 1065 (anap.); τἀληθές E. IA 336 (lyr.), cf. Th. 3.68, and late Prose, Plu. Cleom. 9, etc.

4. turn back, return, ἐπ' ὄκου Th. 5.13; ἐς τὴν πόλιν Id. 3.24; ἀποτρεπόμενοι ἵεντο X. HG 7.2.13.

5. dissuade, deter, τινά Plb. 7.13.1.

6. beat off, repulse, Plu. Brut. 42.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** ἀπο -τρέπω ,

[in LXX: Sirach 20:29; Sirach 48:18, 3 Maccabees 1:23, 4 Maccabees 1:33; 4 Maccabees 16:12 *;]

to turn away; mid., to turn oneself away from: c. acc, 2 Timothy 3:5.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Giss I. 20.6 (ii/A.D.) ἡ ἐπιστολή σου τὴν [μέριμναν ? . . . ] που ἀπέτρεψεν [ . . . It is unfortunate that this solitary citation for a verb common in literature should have no reliable context; but it is something that the word itself seems clear, and occurs in a woman’s private letter, which proves it vernacular.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
απετρύγησαν αποδραμείται αποτρεπου αποτρέπου ἀποτρέπου απότρεχε αποτρέχει αποτρέχεις αποτρέχετε αποτρεχέτω αποτρέχετω αποτρέχητε αποτρέχοντες αποτρέχουσιν αποτρέχω αποτροπιάζεσθαί αποτυφλώσει apotrepou apotrépou
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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