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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #68 - ἀγρός

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G71)
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
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  1. land
    1. the field, the country
    2. a piece of land, bit of tillage
    3. the farms, country seats, neighbouring hamlets
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 776 ‑ אֶרֶץ (eh'‑rets);  1250 ‑ בָּר (bawr, bar);  3293 ‑ יַעַר (yah'‑ar);  4057 ‑ מִדְבָּר (mid‑bawr');  4264 ‑ מַחֲנֶה (makh‑an‑eh');  7105 ‑ קָצִיר (kaw‑tseer');  7704 ‑ שָׂדַי (saw‑deh', saw‑dah'ee);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (36)
Matthew 17
Mark 8
Luke 10
Acts 1
NAS (39)
Matthew 17
Mark 9
Luke 11
Acts 2
CSB (36)
Matthew 17
Mark 9
Luke 9
Acts 1
BSB (36)
Matthew 17
Mark 9
Luke 9
Acts 1
ESV (32)
Matthew 13
Mark 9
Luke 9
Acts 1
WEB (36)
Matthew 18
Mark 8
Luke 9
Acts 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀγρός, οῦ, ὁ,

1. field, mostly in pl., fields, lands, Il. 23.832, Od. 4.757, Pi. P. 4.149, etc.; opp. κῆποι, Theopomp. Hist. 89; sg., farm, Od. 24.205; also in pl., X. HG 2.4.1: tilled land, opp. fallow, ἀγρὸς καὶ ἀργός, Ἀθηνᾶ 20.167 (Erythrae).

2. country, opp. town, Od. 17.182, E. Supp. 884, etc.; ἀγρὸν τὰν πόλιν ποιεῖς Epich. 169; ἀγρῷ in the country, Od. 11.188; ἐπ' ἀγροῦ in the country, 1.190, 22.47; ἐπ' ἀγρὸῦ νόσφι πόληος 1.185; in pl., κατὰ πτόλιν ἠὲ κατ' ἀγρούς 17.18; ἐν οἴκοις ἢ 'ν ἀγροῖς S. OT 112; ἐπ' ἀγρῶν ib. 1049; ἀγροῖσι Id. El. 313; τὸν ἐξ ἀγρῶν Id. OT 1051; τὰ ἐξ ἀγρῶν Th. 2.13, cf. 14; κατ' ἀγρούς Cratin. 318, Pl. Lg. 881c; οἰκεῖν ἐν ἀγρῷ Ar. Fr. 387.2; τὰ ἐν ἀγρῷγιγνόμενα fruits, X. Mem. 2.9.4, cf. An. 5.3.9: prov., οὐδὲν ἐξ ἀγροῦ λέγεις, ἀγροῦπλέως, i.e. boorish, Suid., Hsch. Rare in later Greek, Mark 15:21, PAmh. 2.134.5, POxy. 967. [ by nature, so always in Com., exc. Ar. Av. 579, Philem. 116; ᾱγρόθεν in Alc. Com. 19 is paratrag.] (Cf. Skt. ájras 'plain', prob. fr. aj 'drive' (cf. ἄγω), i.e. pasture.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀγρός, (οῦ, (from ἄγω; properly, a drove or driving-place, then, pasturage; cf. Latinager, German Acker, English acre; Fick, Part i., p. 8);

a. a field, the country: Matthew 6:28; Matthew 24:18; Luke 15:15; (Mark 11:8 T Tr WH), etc.

b. equivalent to χωρίον, a piece of land, bit of tillage: Acts 4:37; Mark 10:29; Matthew 13:24, 27, etc.

c. οἱ ἀγροί the farms, country-seats, neighboring hamlets: Mark 5:14 (opposed to πόλις); Mark 6:36; Luke 9:12. ((From Homer on.))

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀγρός , -οῦ , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H7704];

1. a field: Matthew 6:28, al.

2. the country: Mark 15:21, al.; p1., country places, farms: Mark 5:14 Mark 6:36; Mark 6:56 Luke 8:34; Luke 9:12.

3. =χωρίον , a piece of ground: Mark 10:29, Acts 4:27, al. (On the occurrence of this word as compared with χώρα , χωρίον , v. MM, VGT, s.v.)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This old and once common word is unexpectedly rare in papyri. P Strass I. 52.5 (.14) (A.D. 151) concerns 25/6 arourae of ";catoecic land,"; ἃς καὶ παρα ̣[δώσει ἡ δεδανισμ ]ε ̣νη κατ᾽ ἀγρὸν σπ [ορί ]μας, ";will transfer these as they lie in good condition for sowing,"; as the edd. render the same formula in P Ryl II. 164.5 (A.D. 171) : Preisigke, ";in einem land-wirtschaftlich brauchbaren Zustande, saatfähig."; The same connotation of ";agricultural land"; appear in a few instances we can quote. P Amh II. 68.57 (i/A.D.) τῆς νυνεὶ κατ᾽ ἀγρὸν θεωρίας. Ib. 134.5 (ii/A.D.) ὄντα ἐν ἀγρῷ μετὰ τῶν θρεμμάτων, ";in the fields with the cattle";; and as late as iv/A.D., ib. 143.4 ὁ γὰρ ἀγρὸς Ἀβίου ἐξῆλθεν εἰς σπ [ο ]ράν. In P Oxy III. 506.42 (A.D. 143) ἀπογράφεσθαί τινα ἐπὶ τῶν ἀγρῶν, ";register any one as owning those lands"; : ἐπὶ τοῦ ἀγροῦ has apparently been erased. Ib. VI. 967 (ii/A.D.) καλῶς δὲ ποιήσεις ἐπιστείλασα εἰς ἀγρὸν ἄρξασθαι τῶν εἰς τοὺς ἀμπελῶνας ποτισμῶν. P Eleph 13.6 (B.C. 223–2), περὶ δὲ τοῦ οἰναρίου Πραξιάδης οὔπω εἰσελήλυθεν ἐξ ἀγροῦ : this resembles the ἀπ᾽ ἀγροῦ (";from field labour"; probably) in Mark 15:21. Apart from one Byzantine document, the two instances quoted are the only occurrences of ἀγρός in P Oxy I.–X., and in the indices to P Fay, P Hib, P Tebt, P Grenf and the Revenue Law it never appears at all, nor in vols. III. and IV. of BGU. It is not worth while to present the scattered instances that are found in some other collections. Crönert’s remark that ἀγρός is obsolete in MGr, except in Cyprian, having been progressively supplanted by χώρα and χωρίον, falls into line with its relative infrequency in the papyri. It is, however, very common throughout the LXX, and in the Synoptic Gospels (Matthew 16:1-28, Mark 8:1-38, Luke 9:1-62). In Acts it only comes once, and it may be significant that Luke has χώρα (Luke 12:16; Luke 21:21) or χωρίον (Acts 1:18 f. , Acts 4:34; Acts 5:3; Acts 5:8; Acts 28:7) where ἀγρός might have been expected. So also John 4:35; John 4:5, James 5:4. It is difficult to draw a clear inference, but it looks as if for some reason ἀγρός was a favourite word with translators from Hebrew or Aramaic. We shall meet with other words, rare or comparatively rare in vernacular documents, which have secured a good deal of space in bibl. concordances in this way.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
άγρια αγροί αγροίς αγρον αγρόν άγρον ἀγρόν ἀγρὸν αγρος αγρός ἀγρός ἀγρὸς αγρου αγρού άγρου ἀγροῦ αγρους αγρούς ἀγρούς ἀγροὺς αγρω αγρώ ἀγρῷ αγρων αγρών ἀγρῶν agro agrō agrôi agrō̂i agron agrón agròn agrôn agrōn agrō̂n agros agrós agròs agrou agroû agrous agroús agroùs
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