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Thursday, June 20th, 2024
the Week of Proper 6 / Ordinary 11
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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #69 - ἀγρυπνέω

Root Word (Etymology)
ultimately from (G1) (as negative particle) and (G5258)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to be sleepless, keep awake, watch
  2. to be circumspect, attentive, ready
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5782 ‑ עוּר (oor);  8245 ‑ שָׁקַד (shaw‑kad');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (4)
Mark 1
Luke 1
Ephesians 1
Hebrews 1
NAS (7)
Mark 2
Luke 2
Ephesians 1
Hebrews 2
CSB (4)
Mark 1
Luke 1
Ephesians 1
Hebrews 1
BSB (4)
Mark 1
Luke 1
Ephesians 1
Hebrews 1
ESV (3)
Luke 1
Ephesians 1
Hebrews 1
WEB (3)
Luke 1
Ephesians 1
Hebrews 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀγρυπν-έω, pf. ἠγρύπνηκα Hp. Prog. 2:

1. lie awake, pass sleepless nights, Thgn. 471, Hp.l.c., Pl. Lg. 695a, etc.; opp. καθεύδω, X. Cyr. 8.3.42; ἀγρυπνεῖν τὴν νύκτα to pass a sleepless night, Id. HG 7.2.19, Men. 113; οἱ -οῦντες sufferers from insomnia, Dsc. 4.64.

2. metaph., to be watchful, LXX Wisdom of Solomon 6:15, Mark 13:33, Ephesians 6:18; ὑπὲρ τῶν ψυχῶν Hebrews 13:17; ἐπὶ τὰ κακά LXX Daniel 9:14 : c. inf., μηθέν σε ἐνοχλήσειν PGrenf. 2.14a3.

3. c.acc., lie awake and think of, τινά PMag.Par. 1.2966.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀγρυπνέω, (ῶ; (ἄγρυπνος eqluiv. to ἄϋπνος); to be sleepless, keep awake, watch (equivalent to γρηγορέω (see below)); (from Theognis down); tropically, to be circumspect, attentive, ready: Mark 13:33; Luke 21:36; εἰς τί, to be intent upon a thing, Ephesians 6:18; ὑπέρ τίνος, to exercise constant vigilance over something (an image drawn from shepherds), Hebrews 13:17. (Synonyms: ἀγρύπνειν, γρηγορεῖν, νήφειν: "ἀγρύπνειν may be taken to express simply ... absence of sleep, and, pointedly, the absence of it when due to nature, and thence a wakeful frame of mind as opposed to listlessness; while γρηγορεῖν (the offspring of ἐγρήγορα) represents a waking state as the effect of some arousing effort ... i. e. a more stirring image than the former. The group of synonyms is completed by νήφειν, which signifies a state untouched by any slumberous or beclouding influences, and thence, one that is guarded against advances of drowsiness or bewilderment. Thus it becomes a term for wariness (cf. νᾶφε καί μέμνασ' ἀπίστειν) against spiritual dangers and beguilements, 1 Peter 5:8, etc." Green, Critical Notes on the N. T. (note on Mark 13:33f).)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀγρυπνέω , -

(<ἄγρυπνος , seeking sleep; <ἀγρεύω , ὕπνος ),

[in LXX chiefly for H8245;]

to be sleepless, wakeful (Theogn., Xen., al.); metaph. (LXX) = cl. ἐγρήγορα , to be watchful, vigilant: Mark 13:33, Luke 21:36, Ephesians 6:18, Hebrews 13:17.†

SYN.: γρηγορέω G1127, q.v.; νήφω , associated with γ . in 1 Peter 5:8, expressing a wariness which results from self-control, a condition of moral, not merely mental alertness (v. M, Th., I, 5:6).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Giss I. 19.7 (early ii/A.D.) συν ]εχῶς ἀγρυπνοῦσα νυκτὸς ἡ [μέρας ]. P Ryl II. 62.9 (iii/A.D.) ἀγρυπνεῖται καὶ κολάζεται. For the construction with ἐπί (as in Proverbs 8:34, Job 21:32), see the Septuagint Memorial from Adrumetum of iii/A.D., cited by Deissmann BS, p. 275, l. 6 f., ἀγρυπνο [ῦν ]τα ἐπὶ τῇ φιλίᾳ αὐτῆς κτλ. Cf. P Giss I. 67.6 (ii/A.D.) οἷς ὀφείλω ἐπιτεταγμέ [νως (l. -ταμ -) ἐπ ]αγρυπνεῖν.

[Supplemental from 1930 edition]

Add OGIS 521.6 (vi/A.D.)


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αγρυπνεί αγρυπνειτε αγρυπνείτε ἀγρυπνεῖτε αγρυπνουντες αγρυπνούντες ἀγρυπνοῦντες αγρυπνουσιν αγρυπνούσιν ἀγρυπνοῦσιν αγρυπνών ηγρύπνεις ηγρύπνησα ηγρύπνησεν agrupneite agrupnountes agrupnousin agrypneite agrypneîte agrypnountes agrypnoûntes agrypnousin agrypnoûsin
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