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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #743 - ἀρχάγγελος
- archangel, or chief of the angels
archangel, LXX Daniel 10:13, al., Judges 1:9, PMag.Lond. 121.257 (iii A. D.), Nicom. ap. Theol.Ar. 43, Dam. Pr. 96, Procop. Pers. 2.11, al.: — Adj. ἀρτ-γελικός, ή, όν, θεοί Dam. Pr. 130, cf. Procl. in Cra. p.37 P.
*† ἀρχ -άγγελος , -ου , ὁ
(< ἄρχι -, ἄγγελος ),
archangel, a chief angel: 1 Thessalonians 4:16, Judges 1:9 (Cremer, 24; MM, s.v.).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
This title, which is found in the Greek Bible only in 1 Thessalonians 4:16, Judges 1:9, passed into the magical papyri, e.g. P Lond I. 121.257 (iii/A.D.) (= I. p. 92) τῷ κυρίῳ μου τῷ ἀρχαγγέλῳ Μιχαήλ, and the Paris papyrus 574.1200 (iii/A.D.) ὁ κτίσας θεοὺς καὶ ἀρχαγγέλους. In addition to other references to the syncretic literature of the Imperial period Nägeli (p. 48 n.1) cites a gnostic inscription from Miletus CIG 2895 ἀρχάγγελον φυλάσσεται ἡ πόλις Μιλησίων. That the word was coined in Judaism to express a Jewish idea is of course obvious : it need only be mentioned that the prefix ἀρχ (ι)- (q. v.) could be attached to any word at will. On Grimm’s note upon the archangelic Heptad reference might be made to the Hibbert Lectures (1912) on Early Zoroastrianism, p. 241.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Second Week after Epiphany