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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #743 - ἀρχάγγελος
- archangel, or chief of the angels
archangel, LXX Daniel 10:13, al., Judges 1:9, PMag.Lond. 121.257 (iii A. D.), Nicom. ap. Theol.Ar. 43, Dam. Pr. 96, Procop. Pers. 2.11, al.: — Adj. ἀρτ-γελικός, ή, όν, θεοί Dam. Pr. 130, cf. Procl. in Cra. p.37 P.
ἀρχάγγελος, ἀρχαγγέλου, ὁ (from ἀρχι, which see, and ἄγγελος), a Biblical and ecclesiastical word, archangel, i. e. chief of the angels (Hebrew שַׂר chief, prince, Daniel 10:20; Daniel 12:1), or one of the princes and leaders of the angels (הָרִאשֹׁנִים הַשָּׂרִים, Daniel 10:13): 1 Thessalonians 4:16; Jude 1:9. For the Jews after the exile distinguished several orders of angels, and some (as the author of the Book of Enoch, 9:1ff; cf. Dillmann at the passage, p. 97f) reckoned four angels (answering to the four sides of the throne of God) of the highest rank; but others, and apparently the majority (Tobit 12:15, where cf. Fritzsche; Revelation 8:2), reckoned seven (after the pattern of the seven Amshaspands, the high est spirits in the religion of Zoroaster). See under the words, Γαβριήλ and Μιχαήλ.
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*† ἀρχ -άγγελος , -ου , ὁ
(< ἄρχι -, ἄγγελος ),
archangel, a chief angel: 1 Thessalonians 4:16, Judges 1:9 (Cremer, 24; MM, s.v.).†
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This title, which is found in the Greek Bible only in 1 Thessalonians 4:16, Judges 1:9, passed into the magical papyri, e.g. P Lond I. 121.257 (iii/A.D.) (= I. p. 92) τῷ κυρίῳ μου τῷ ἀρχαγγέλῳ Μιχαήλ, and the Paris papyrus 574.1200 (iii/A.D.) ὁ κτίσας θεοὺς καὶ ἀρχαγγέλους. In addition to other references to the syncretic literature of the Imperial period Nägeli (p. 48 n.1) cites a gnostic inscription from Miletus CIG 2895 ἀρχάγγελον φυλάσσεται ἡ πόλις Μιλησίων. That the word was coined in Judaism to express a Jewish idea is of course obvious : it need only be mentioned that the prefix ἀρχ (ι)- (q. v.) could be attached to any word at will. On Grimm’s note upon the archangelic Heptad reference might be made to the Hibbert Lectures (1912) on Early Zoroastrianism, p. 241.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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