Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #786 - ἄσπονδος
- without a treaty or covenant
- of things not mutually agreed upon e.g. abstinences from hostilities
- that cannot be persuaded to enter into a covenant, implacable
without σπονδή or drink-offering: hence,
I of a god, to whom no drink-offering is poured, ἄ. θεός, i.e. death, E. Alc. 424.
II without a regular truce (ratified by σπονδαί), ἀνοκωχή Th. 5.32;
1. of persons, without making a truce, ἄ. ἀπιέναι Id. 3.111, cf. 113; ἀσπόνδους τοὺς νεκροὺς ἀνελέσθαι take up their dead without leave asked, Id. 2.22; τὸ εὐπρεπὲς ἄσπονδον the specious plea of neutrality, Id. 1.37.
2. admitting of no truce, implacable, ἄσπονδόν τ' Ἄρη (ἀράν codd.) A. Ag. 1235 (Pors.); πόλεμος D. 18.262, Plb. 1.65.6, etc.; ἔχθρα Plu. Per. 30; ἀσπόνδοισι νόμοισιν ἔχθραν συμβάλλειν E. El. 905 (lyr.); of persons, implacable, 2 Timothy 3:3. Adv. -δως, ἔχειν Ph. Fr. 24H.
* ἄσπονδος , -ον
(< σπονδή , a libation);
1. without truce (Thuc.).
2. admitting of no truce, implacable (Dem., al.): 2 Timothy 3:3.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Priene has the combination ἀσυλεὶ καὶ ἀσπονδεί seven times, in the common sense ";without formal treaty";—the reverse of the meaning applied metaphorically in 2 Timothy 3:3 : friends need no treaty, and implacable foes will not make one. Literary parallels suffice for the Pauline use.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Second Week after Epiphany