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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #827 - αὐγή

of uncertain derivation
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. brightness, radiance, daylight
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5054 ‑ נְגֹהָה (neg‑o‑haw');  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

αὐγή, ἡ,

1. light of the sun, and in pl., rays, beams, πέπτατο δ' αὐ. ἠελίου Il. 17.371, cf. Od. 6.98, 12.176; ἠελίου ἴδεν αὐγάς, i. e. was born, Il. 16.188; ὑπ' αὐγὰς ἠελίοιο, i.e. still alive, Od. 11.498, 619; Διὸς αὐγάς Il. 13.837; αὐγὰς ἐσιδεῖν see the light, i.e. to be alive, Thgn. 426, cf. E. Alc. 667; λεύσσειν A. Pers. 710; βλέπειν E. Andr. 935; ὑπ' αὐγὰς λεύσσειν or ἰδεῖν τι hold up to the light and look at, Id. Hec. 1154, Pl. Phdr. 268a, cf. Plb. 10.3.1; ὑπ' αὐγὰς δεικνύναι τι Ar. Th. 500 (πρὸς and ὑπ' αὐγήν, in a full and in a side light, Hp. Off. 3); δυθμαὶ αὐγῶν sun -set, Pi. I. 4(3).65; ξύνορθρον αὐγαῖς dawning with the sun, A. Ag. 254 (lyr.); κλύζειν πρὸς αὐγάς rise surging towards the sun, ib. 1182; λαμπροτάτη τῶν παρεουσέων αὐγέων brightest light available, Hp. Fract. 3, cf. Arist. PA 658a3, Pr. 912b14, al.: metaph., βίου δύντος αὐγαί 'life's setting sun ', A. Ag. 1123 (lyr.); ἤδη γὰρ αὑγὴ τῆς ζόης ἀπήμβλυνται Herod. 10.4.

2. αὐγαὶ ἠελίοιο or αὐγαί alone, the East, D.P. 84, 231.

3. dawn, day-break, Acts 20:11, PLeid.W. 11.35.

4. generally, any bright light, πυρὸς αὐγή Od. 6.305, cf. Il. 2.456; ἀρίζηλοι δέ οἱ αὐγαί, of lightning, 13.244; βροντῆς αὐ. S. Ph. 1199 (lyr.); of a beacon, Il. 18.211, A. Ag. 9; λαμπάδος Cratin. post 150; distd. from φλόξ, Chrysipp.Stoic. 2.186.

5. of the eyes, ὀμμάτων αὐγαί S. Aj. 70; αὐγαί alone, the eyes, E. Andr. 1180 (lyr.), Rh. 737: metaph., ἀνακλίναντας τὴν τῆς ψυχῆς αὐ. Pl. R. 540a.

6. gleam, sheen, of bright objects, αὐ. χαλκείη Il. 13.341; χρυσὸς αὐγὰς ἔδειξεν Pi. N. 4.83; ἀμβρόσιος αὐ. πέπλου E. Med. 983 (lyr.); ἠλεκτροφαεῖς αὐ. Id. Hipp. 741 (lyr.); αὐ. τῆς κρόκης Men. 561; of gems, Philostr. Im. 2.8. Mostly poet., but freq. in Arist., chiefly in the sense of sunlight.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

αὐγή, αὐγῆς, , brightness, radiance (cf. German Auge (eye), of which the tragic poets sometimes use αὐγή, see Pape (or Liddell and Scott; cf. Latinlumina)), especially of the sun; hence, ἡλίου is often added (Homer and following), daylight; hence, ἄχρις (ἄχρι T Tr WH) αὐγῆς even till break of day, Acts 20:11 (Polyaen. 4, 18, p. 386 κατά τήν πρώτην αὐγήν τῆς ἡμέρας). (Synonym: see φέγγος, at the end.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

αὐγή , -ῆς , ,

[in LXX: Isaiah 59:9 (H5054), 2 Maccabees 12:9 *;]

1. brightness.

2. Later (as in MGr.; MM, s.v.), daylight, dawn: Acts 20:11 (Cremer, 118).†

SYN.: φέγγος G5338 (v. Thayer, s. φ .; DB, iii, 44a; Tr., Syn., § xlvi).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The choice of this word as a proper name in Egypt is witnessed by Preisigke 1995, 1999, 2003, 2006, 2008, from a set of sepulchral inscrr. of Alexandria. This is a better warrant of vernacular use than the fulsome laudation with which the Cyzicenes greeted the first acts of Gaius (A.D. 37), Syll 365.3, ἐπεὶ ὁ νέοςἭλιος Γάιος (κτλ .) συναναλάμψαι ταῖς ἰδίαις αὐγαῖς καὶ τὰς δορυφόρους τῆς ἡγεμονίας ἠθέλησεν βασιλήας , i.e. surrounded himself with satellites in the shape of vassal kings restored to thrones from which Tiberius expelled them (Dittenberger). Αὐγή is the MGr for ";dawn,"; and probably superseded the irregular noun ἕως very early in the Κοινή history : Acts 20:11 ἄχρι αὐγῆς is thus good vernacular. So P Leid Wxi. 35 ἐφάνη φῶς , αὐγή (cf. iv. 39). Cf. also the dimin. αὐγοῦλα in MGr, as in the Klepht ballad (Abbott, Songs p. 26)—

Κ᾽ ἐκεῖ πρὸς τὰ χαράγματα , κ᾽ ἐκεῖ πρὸς τὴν αὐγοῦλα ,

";And there, towards daybreak, towards early morn.";



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αυγήν αυγης αυγής αὐγῆς auges augês augēs augē̂s
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