Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #860 - ἁφή
- bond, connection
ἁφή, ἡ, (ἅπτω)
I lighting, kindling, περὶ λύχνων ἁφάς about lamp- lighting time, Hdt. 7.215, cf. PTeb. 88.12 (ii B. C.), D.H. 11.33, D.S. 19.31, Ath. 12.526c.
1. (ἅπτομαι) touch, ἐπώνυμον δὲ τῶν Διὸς γέννημ' ἁφῶν (Wieseler for γεννημάτων) τέξεις.. Ἔπαφον A. Pr. 850.
2. sense of touch, Pl. R. 523e, cf. Arist. EN 1118b1, de An. 424a12; ἀκριβεστάτην.. τῶν αἰσθήσεων τὴν ἁφήν Id. HA 494b16; ἡ ἁφὴ ἐν ταῖς αἰσθήσεσι παρέσπαρται Luc. Salt. 70.
3. touch of the harp-strings, metaph., ἐμμελοῦς ἁφῆς καὶ κρούσεως Plu. Per. 15; οὐχὶ συμφώνους ἁφάς Damox. 2.42.
4. grip, in wrestling, etc., ἁφὴν ἐνδιδόναι αὑτοῦ Plu. 2.86f: metaph., τοῖς ἀφληταῖς τῆς λέξεως ἰσχυρὰς τὰς ἁ. προσεῖναι δεῖ καὶ ἀφύκτους τὰς λαβάς D.H. Dem. 18; ἁφὰς ἔχει καὶ τόνους ἰσχυρούς Id. Lys. 13; ἁ. εἶχεν ἡ συνδιαίτησις ἄφυκτον, of Cleopatra, Plu. Ant. 27.
5. sand sprinkled over wrestlers, to enable them to get a grip of one another, Arr. Epict. 3.15.4; ἁφῇ πηλώσασθαι IG 4.955 (Epid., ii A. D.).
6. Math., contact of surfaces, etc., Arist. Ph. 227a17, Metaph. 1014b22, al.; point of contact, Euc. Phaen. p.16M., al.; of intersection, Papp. 988.9, cf. Alex.Aphr. in Top. 24.16.
7. in pl., stripes, strokes, LXX 2 Kings 7:14, al.
8. infection, esp. of leprosy, ib. Leviticus 13:6, al.: generally, plague, Genesis 12:17, Aq., Sm. Exodus 11:1.
III junction, point of contact in the body, Arist. GC 326b12, 327a12; ligament,. Ephesians 4:16, Colossians 2:19.
ἁφή , -ῆς , ἡ
(<ἅπτω , to fasten, fit),
[in LXX for H5061, freq. in Le;]
a joint (MM, s.v.): Ephesians 4:16, Colossians 2:19 (Lft., in l).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
For the special sense of ";kindling"; see P Tebt T. 88.12 f. (B.C. 115–4) εἴς τε τὰς θυσίας καὶ λύχνων ἁφῶν , ";for sacrifices and for the kindling of lamps"; (cf. λυχναψία , BGU II. 362i. 1, .12, etc.); and for the meaning ";sand"; or ";dust"; as a technical term of the arena see Syll 804.11 (? ii/A.D.) ἁφῇ πηλώσασθαι (with the editor’s note). It is, however, a wholly different connexion with wrestling that is associated with the NT meaning of the word. Dean Robinson (on Ephesians 4:16) has shown how from the ἁφὴ ἄφυκτος with which the wrestler fastened on his opponent ἁφή came to be used of the union of the Democritean atoms, and further of a band or ligament in ancient physiology. Hence in the Pauline usage, the thought is not so much of ";touch"; as of ";fastening";—the whole body is compacted διὰ πάσης ἁφῆς τῆς ἐπιχορηγίας ";by every ligament of the whole apparatus"; (Ephesians 4:16), which in Colossians 2:19 is expanded into διὰ τῶν ἁφῶν καὶ συνδέσμων ";by the ligaments and sinews."; A mysterious ἔπαφος occurs in the new Median parchment, P Saїd Khan 1a. .26 (B.C. 88) : the assignee of a vineyard is to be fined ἐὰν . . ὀλιγωρήσῃ τὴν ἄμπελον καὶ μὴ ποιήσῃ αὐτὴν ἔπαφον . Can this mean ";properly tied up";—the branches being tied to the poles or trees on which they are trained? The adj. will thus be formed from ἐπὶ ἁφαῖς ";depending on fastenings";—a formation well paralleled in Hellenistic.
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