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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #680 - ἅπτομαι
- to fasten one's self to, adhere to, cling to
- to touch
- of carnal intercourse with a women or cohabitation
- of levitical practice of having no fellowship with heathen practices. Things not to be touched appear to be both women and certain kinds of food, so celibacy and abstinence of certain kinds of food and drink are recommended.
- to touch, assail anyone
Reflexive of G681
[in LXX chiefly for H5060;]
to fasten to; hence, of fire, to kindle, light: Luke 8:16; Luke 11:33; Luke 15:8, Acts 28:2. Mid., c. gen., to fasten oneself to, cling to, lay hold of (so in Papyri; MM, s.v.): Matthew 8:3; Matthew 8:15, John 20:17, al.; of carnal intercourse, 1 Corinthians 7:1; with reference to levitical and ceremonial prohibitions, 2 Corinthians 6:17, Colossians 2:21; of hostile action, 1 John 5:18 (cf. ἀν -, καθ -, περι - άπτω ).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The sense of eagerness comes out well in the royal letter to Attis, priest of Pessinus, OGIS 315.56 (B.C. 164–3) μετὰ δὲ ταῦτα ἐν ἄλλαις καὶ ἄλλαις ἡμέραις ἀεὶ διασκοποῦσιν (for -ούντων) ἥπτετο μᾶλλον ἡμῶν, ";urged his view upon us."; In Syll 849.6 (Delphi, B.C. 177–6, in dialect) εἰ δέ τίς κα ἅπτηται Σωσίχας ἐπὶ καταδουλισμῶι, it means ";lay hold of, appropriate."; The active sense of ";kindle,"; ";set fire to,"; is illustrated by the magical papyrus P Lond 121.543 (iii/A.D.) (= I. p. 101) ἅπτε δὲ λιβάνῳ, and appears thrice in a very illiterate iv/A.D. letter, P Oxy X. 1297.12 ἀπέστιλά σοι. . . διὰ Ἴλιτος σφυρίδιον ἕν, ἅψαι αὐτὸν κεῖται (so l..4, .7) ";I sent you . . by Ilis one basket for you to burn"; (Edd.). The middle occurs in the recently recovered Greek Acts of the martyr Christina—PSI 27.18 ff. (v/A.D.) εὐχαριστῶ σο [ι ὁ ] πατὴρ τοῦ κυ ̄ Ι ̄υ ̄ Χ ̄υ ̄, μὴ ἐνκατα [λίπῃς με εἰς ] τὸν αἰῶν [α ], ἀλλὰ ἔκ [τεινον ] τὴν χεῖράν σου καὶ ἅψαι τοῦ πυρὸ [ς τούτου καὶ σ ]βέσον τὸ ἐπ ̣[αναστὰν ] ἐπάνω μου, [μ ]ήποται ἐπιχαρῇ Οὐρβανὸς ὁ τύρα [ννος ἐπ᾽ ἐμέ ]. The familiar ἅπτεσθαι of healing wrought by touch may be illustrated by Syll 803.62 (iii/B.C.—the Asclepieum at Epidaurus) ἐδόκει αὐτᾶι. . . τὸν θεὸν ἅψασ [θ ]αί οὑ τᾶ [ς κοιλίας · ἐκ τού ]του τᾶι Ἀνδρομάχαι (the suppliant) υ [ἱ ]ὸς ἐξ Ἀρύββα ἐγένε [τ ]ο. The opposite sense occurs in ib. 804.23 (ibidem, perh. ii/A.D.) ἥψατο δέ μου (sc. ἡ νόσος) καὶ τῆς δεξιᾶς χιρὸς καὶ τοῦ μαστοῦ. MGr has ἀνάφτω ";kindle,"; and the simplex in a special phrase, ἅψε σβύσε.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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