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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #892 - ἄχυρον

Root Word (Etymology)
perhaps remotely from cheo (to shed forth)
Parts of Speech
neuter noun
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  1. a stalk of grain from which the kernels have been beaten out
  2. straw broken up by a threshing machine, chaff
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 217 ‑ אוּר (oor);  1098 ‑ בְּלִיל (bel‑eel');  2563 ‑ חֹמֶר (kho'‑mer);  4671 ‑ מוֹץ (motes, motes);  8401 ‑ תֶּבֶן (teh'‑ben);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
NAS (2)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
HCS (2)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
BSB (2)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
ESV (2)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
WEB (2)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἄχῠρον [ ], τό,

mostly in pl. ἄχυρα,

I chaff, bran, husks left after threshing or grinding, Hdt. 4.72, Pherecr. 161, Antiph. 226.2, X. Oec. 18.1; ἐν τοῖς ἀ. κυλινδομένην Hermipp. 47: sg., Thphr. HP 8.4.1, Matthew 3:12, etc.: prov., ὄνος εἰς ἄχυρα 'pig in clover', of unexpected good fortune, Philem. 188, cf. Ar. Fr. 76: metaph., ἄχυρα τῶν ἀστῶν, of μέτοικοι, Id. Ach. 508; ἄχυρα ἀπὸ τοῦ τοίχου ἀποσπᾶν, of dying persons, Hp. Prog. 4.

II in pl., ἄ. χρυσοχοϊκά slag from gold-smelting, PHolm. 5.7.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἄχυρον, ἀχύρου, τό, "a stalk of grain from which the kernels have been beaten out; straw broken up by a threshing-machine, chaff": Matthew 3:12; Luke 3:17. (In Greek writings from Herodotus 4, 72; Xenophon, oec. 18. 1, 2, 6 down; mostly in plural τά ἄχυρα; in Job 21:18 the Sept. also of the chaff accustomed to being driven away by the wind.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἄχυρον , -ον , τό ,

[in LXX chiefly for H8401;]

chaff: Matthew 3:12, Luke 3:17.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

A few citations suffice for this very common word, which survives in MGr. One shows that ";bricks without straw"; were as abnormal in the Ptolemaic period as in the days of the Exodus : P Petr II. 14 (2)12 (as amended III. p. 139) shows directions ἐς τὰ ἄχυρα πρὸς τὴν πλινθολκίαν . So in Syll 587.73 (B.C. 329–8, Attica) ἀχύρων σάκοι εἰς τὴν οἰκοδομίαν τοῦ τείχους : Ditt. cites another Attic inscr. which mentions πηλὸς ἠχυρωμένος . This use of chaff was accordingly not limited to Egypt. The practice exemplified typically in the Ptolemaic ostracon, Ostr 1168—λό (γος ) ἀχύρου , an account for fuel εἰς τὰς καμείνους , and in BGU III. 760.9 (ii/A.D.) . τὰ καὶ χωροῦντα ἰς ὑπόκαυσιν τοῦ με [γά ]λου γυμ (νασίου ), P Fay Ostr 21 (A.D. 306) ἀχύρου καυσίμου σάκ (κον ) α ̄—reminds us that (brickmaking apart) feeding the fire was the normal use of the ";chaff."; The stern theology of earlier days may have glossed the Baptist’s words with Proverbs 16:4 !



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
άχυρα αχύροις αχυρον άχυρον ἄχυρον achuron achyron áchyron
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