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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #938 - βασίλισσα
1. queen, Alc.Com. 6, X. Oec. 9.15, Philem. 16.1, Arist. Fr. 179, Supp.Epigr. 1.366.34 (Samos, iii B. C.), Theoc. 15.24, IG 2.614b; ἡ β. τῶν μελισσῶν Arr. Epict. 3.22.99; condemned by Phryn. 202, but cf. Ael.Dion. Fr. 91.
2. wife of the ἄρχων βασιλεύς at Athens, Poll. 8.90: — also βασίλιννα, D. 59.74, Men. 907.
3. the Roman Empress, Hdn. 1.7.4, etc.
4. = βασιλεύς VI, PMag.Leid. V. 1.31.
βασίλισσα , -ης , ἡ
(in Attic, βασιλεια , βασιλίς ),
[in LXX chiefly for H4436;]
a queen: Matthew 12:42, Luke 11:31, Acts 8:27, Revelation 18:7.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
This characteristic Κοινή form was borrowed by Attic from B.C. 307 down : see Meisterhans Gr. p. 101, and cf. Thumb Dial. p. 380. The suffix was probably of Macedonian origin, and therefore not Greek at all (Brugmann-Thumb Gr. p. 214, where references are given to literature on the subject : add Glaser, De ratione, p. 18). It was the regular term for the wife of the ruling sovereign : see, e.g. P Petr I. 19.28 (B.C. 225) βασιλέα Πτολεμαῖον . . . καὶ βασίλισσαν Βερενίκην , P Eleph 23.10 (B.C. 223) ο ̣̔̓μ ̣ν ̣υ ̣ω ̣ βασιλέα Πτολεμαῖον . . . καὶ βασίλισσαν Βερενίκην , P Par 38.1 (B.C. 160) βασιλεῖ Πτολεμαίῳ καὶ βασιλίσσῃ [Κλεο ]πάτρᾳ τῇ ἀδελφῇ , and P Grenf II. 15i. 1 (B.C. 139). In Syll we find it in 183.8 (end of iv/B.C.) of the wife of Demetrius Poliorcetes, and in five inscrr. of iii/B.C. In OGIS 35.1 (B.C. 285–47) βασίλισσαν Φιλωτέραν , the title is given to the unmarried sister of King Ptolemy II, a proof, according to Wilcken (Archiv ii. p. 541), that amongst the Ptolemies the title was from the beginning purely titular. A similar inscription from Schedia (east of Alexandria), belonging to the reign of Ptolemy III., has the further interest that it contains the earliest known reference to a Jewish proseucha in Upper Egypt—ὑ ]πὲρ βασιλέως Πτολεμαίου καὶ βασιλίσσης Βερενίκης ἀδελφῆς καὶ γυναικὸς καὶ τῶν τέκνων τὴν προσευχὴν οἱ Ἰουδαῖοι : see Archiv ii. p. 541 with Wilcken’s note. It should be noted, however, that προσευχήν here may simply = ";prayer,"; answering to the heathen τὸ προσκύνημα .
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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