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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #970 - βία

Root Word (Etymology)
probably akin to (G970) (through the idea of vital activity)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. strength, whether of body or mind
  2. strength in violent action, force
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 657 ‑ אֶפֶס (eh'‑fes);  3154 ‑ יֶזַע (yeh'‑zah);  3517 ‑ כְּבֵדֻת (keb‑ay‑dooth');  6531 ‑ פֶּרֶךְ (peh'‑rek);  6986 ‑ קֶטֶב (keh'‑teb);  8633 ‑ תֹּקֶף (to'‑kef);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (4)
Acts 4
NAS (4)
Acts 4
CSB (3)
Acts 3
BSB (3)
Acts 3
ESV (2)
Acts 2
WEB (3)
Acts 3
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Ion. βίη [ ], : dat. βίηφι Od. 6.6:


1. bodily strength, force, Hom., etc.; χειρῶν βία B. 10.91: in Hom., periphr. of strong men, βίη Ἡρακληείη Il. 2.658, where the part. masc. πέρσας follows, cf. 11.690; βίη Ἐτεοκληείη, Ἰφικλείη, 4.386, Od. 11.290, etc.; βίη Διομήδεος Il. 5.781; also ἲς.. βίης Ἠρακληείης Hes. Th. 332: so in Lyr. and Trag., Πέλοπος βία B. 5.181; Τυδέως βία, Πολυνείκους β., A. Th. 571, 577; φίλτατ' Αἰγίσθου β. Id. Ch. 893; θήρειος β., = Κένταυροι, S. Tr. 1059.

2. personified, Κράτος Βία τε A. Proverbs 12:1-28.

3. of the mind, οὐκ ἔστι βίη φρεσίν Il. 3.45. of an argument, βίαν οὐκ ἔχειν πρὸς [τὸ] ἀποδειξαι Phld. Sign. 9.


1. act of violence, ὕβρις τε βίη τε Od. 15.329: mostly in pl., κείνων γε βίας ἀποτείσεαι 11.117; βίας ὑποδέγμενος ἀνδρῶν 16.189; βίαι ἀνέμων Il. 16.213.

2. βίᾳ τινός against one's will, in spite of him, A. Th. 746 (lyr.), S. Ant. 79, Th. 1.43, etc.; β. φρενῶν A. Th. 612; β. καρδίας Id. Supp. 798; β. alone as Adv., perforce, Od. 15.231, B. 17.10, A. Pr. 74, al.; βίῃ ἐπειρᾶτο Hdt. 6.5; opp. κατὰ φύσιν, Arist. Ph. 215a1; also πρὸς βίαν τινός A. Eu. 5; πρὸς βίαν ἄγειν τινά Id. Pr. 210, cf. S. OT 805, Eup. 8.10 D., Ar. V. 443, etc.; opp. ἑκών, Pl. Phdr. 236d; ἐκ βίας S. Ph. 563, al., Herod. 5.58; ὑπὸ βίης Hdt. 6.107; ἀπὸ βίας D.S. 20.51; of Zeus, εὐμενεῖ βία κτίσας A. Supp. 1068 (lyr.).

3. in Att. law, rape, βίας δίκη Sch. Pl. R. 464e; βίᾳ αἰσχύνεσθαί τινα Lys. 1.32.

4. = Lat. vis, βίας γραφή D C.37.31, cf. 33; μαρτύρομαι τὴν βίαν POxy. 1120.11 (iii A. D.). (Cf. Skt. jyâ´ jiyâ´ 'preponderating power', jinâti 'oppress'.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

βία, βίας, ;

1. strength, whether of body or of mind: Homer and subsequent writers.

2. strength in violent action, force: μετά βίας by the use of force, with violence, Acts 5:26; Acts 24:7 (Rec.); shock τῶν κυμάτων, Acts 27:41 (R G, but Tr text brackets; others omit τῶν κυμάτων); διά τήν βίαν τοῦ ὄχλου, the crowd pressing on so violently, Acts 21:35. (Synonym: see δύναμις, at the end.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

βία , -ας , ,

[in LXX for H6531, etc.;]

strength, force, violence: Acts 5:26; Acts 21:35; Acts 24:7; Acts 27:41.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

A few examples will suffice of this common word—P Petr III. 53 (n).9 (iii/B.C.) π ]ρὸς βὶαν ἔχετ ̣α ̣ι ̣, ";he is forcibly detained"; (Edd.), P Par 38.28 (B.C. 162) περὶ δὲ ἦς πεποίηνται βίας (cf. P Amh II. 35.44—B.C. 132), ib. 15.18 (B.C. 120) καὶ τῇ περὶ ἑαυτοὺς βίᾳ χρώμενοι , P Oxy VIII. 1120.11 (early iii/A.D.) κατὰ τοῦτο μαρτύρομαι τὴν βίαν γυνὴ χήρα καὶ ἀσθενής , ib..20 ὡς ἐν παντὶ σθένει βίαν με σχεῖν , ";so that I am subjected to unmitigated violence"; (Ed.), P Strass I. 5.9 (A.D. 262) πέπονθεν βίαν πα [ρ ]α ̣̣ πάντας τ ̣οὺς νόμου ̣[ς ], ib..18 εἴ τι πρὸ [ς ] βίαν ἐλήμφθη , and P Giss I. 34.12 (A.D. 265–6) βίαν οὐ τ ̣[ ]ν ̣ τυχοῦσαν ἐρ [γ ]άσασθαι . Μετὰ βίας , as in Acts 5:26, occurs in P Tebt I. 5.57 (B.C. 118), Syll 356.33 (B.C. 6), in the latter case associated with ὕβρεως and applied to burglars. Note also P Tebt II. 434.2 (A.D. 104) τῆς βίας αὐτῶν δεομένης τῆς τοῦ κρατίστου ἡγεμόνος δικαιοδοσίας , P Amh II. 78.4 (A.D. 184) βίαν πάσχων ἑκάστοτε ὑπὸ Ἑκυ ̣σεως , Chrest. I. 461.12 (iii/A.D. init.) βίαν [π ]αθὼν [. . . ὑπὸ ] Μάρκου κτλ . It is rather curious that in NT βία is restricted to Ac.




The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
βία βιαν βίαν βιας βίας bian bían bias bías
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