Lectionary Calendar
Friday, June 21st, 2024
the Week of Proper 6 / Ordinary 11
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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #01792 - דָּכָא

Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root (compare (H1794))
Parts of Speech
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  1. to crush, be crushed, be contrite, be broken
    1. (Niphal)
      1. to be crushed
      2. to be contrite (figuratively)
    2. (Piel) to crush
    3. (Pual)
      1. to be crushed, be shattered
      2. to be made contrite
    4. (Hithpael) to allow oneself to be crushed
Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5011 ‑ ταπεινός (tap‑i‑nos');  5014 ‑ ταπείνωσις (tap‑i'‑no‑sis);  3642 ‑ ὀλιγόψυχος (ol‑ig‑op'‑soo‑khos);  4937 ‑ συντρίβω (soon‑tree'‑bo);  91 ‑ ἀδικέω (ad‑ee‑keh'‑o);  818 ‑ ἀτιμάζω (at‑im‑ad'‑zo);  2507 ‑ καθαιρέω (kath‑ahee‑reh'‑o);  3817 ‑ παίω (pah'‑yo);  5013 ‑ ταπεινόω (tap‑i‑no'‑o);  2559 ‑ κακόω (kak‑o'‑o);  5013 ‑ ταπεινόω (tap‑i‑no'‑o);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (21)
Job 6
Psalms 6
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 1
Lamentations 1
NAS (19)
Job 6
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 5
Jeremiah 2
Lamentations 1
CSB (18)
Job 6
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 5
Jeremiah 1
Lamentations 1
BSB (18)
Job 6
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 5
Jeremiah 1
Lamentations 1
ESV (17)
Job 6
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 1
Lamentations 1
WEB (21)
Job 6
Psalms 6
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 1
Lamentations 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1080) kd (דכ DK) AC: Crush CO: Mortar AB: ?: The pictograph d is a door representing the idea of moving back and forth. The k is a picture of the palm of the hand representing a bowl from its shape. Combined these pictures mean "the moving back and forth in a cup". Seeds are placed in a stone mortar, a stone cup, the stone pestle is moved around the cup to crush the seeds into a powder.

A) kd (דכ DK) AC: Crush CO: Mortar AB: ?

Nm ) kd (דכ DK) - I. Crush: II. Small:Something that is crushed thin or into smaller pieces. [df: qd] KJV (18): oppressed, afflicted - Strongs: H1790 (דַּךְ), H1851 (דַּק)

fm ) ikd (דכי DKY) - Wave: Wave A crushing of the surf. KJV (1): wave - Strongs: H1796 (דֳּכִי)

B) kkd (דככ DKK) AC: ? CO: Powder AB: ?: The fine dust created in the mortar by crushing something.

V) kkd (דככ DKK) - Small: To crush or beat something into small pieces. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: qqd] KJV (23): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hophal) beat small, powder, stamp, bruise, small, dust, beat in pieces, break in pieces - Strongs: H1854 (דָּקַק), H1855 (דְּקַק)

E) akd (דכא DKA) AC: Break CO: ? AB: ?

V) akd (דכא DKA) - Break: To break something by beating it. KJV (18): (vf: Niphal, Hitpael, Pual, Piel) break, break in pieces, crush, bruise, destroy - Strongs: H1792 (דָּכָא)

Nm) akd (דכא DKA) - Broken: Something that is broken into pieces. KJV (3): contrite, destruction - Strongs: H1793 (דַּכָּא)

F) kde (הדכ HDK) AC: Trample CO: ? AB: ?: Walking over something to trample on it as with a pestle in a mortar.

V) kde (הדכ HDK) - Trample: KJV (1): (vf: Paal) tread down - Strongs: H1915 (הָדַךְ)

H) ekd (דכה DKH) AC: ? CO: Bruise AB: ?: Something that is bruised by beating it.

V) ekd (דכה DKH) - Bruise: KJV (5): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Piel) break, contrite, crouch - Strongs: H1794 (דָּכָה)

Nf1) ekd (דכה DKH) - Bruised: KJV (1): wounded - Strongs: H1795 (דַּכָּה)

J) kfd (דוכ DWK) AC: Beat CO: Mortar AB: ?: A beating as with a mortar in a pestle.

V) kfd (דוכ DWK) - Beat: [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: qwd] KJV (2): (vf: Paal) beat, break into pieces - Strongs: H1743 (דּוּךְ), H1751 (דּוּק)

kf1 ) ekfdm (מדוכה MDWKH) - Mor KJV (1): mortar - Strongs: H4085 (מְדֹכָה)

M) kid (דיכ DYK) AC: Beat CO: Siege works AB: ?

Nm ) kid (דיכ DYK) - Siege works: Engines of war constructed next to a city wall for the purpose of battering it into pieces to allow entry into the city. [df: qyd] KJV (6): fort - Strongs: H1785 (דָּיֵק)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [דָּכָא] verb crush, poetic (Assyrian dakû, crush, Muss-Arn Hebraica. Oct. 1890,66) not in

Qal; —

Niph`al Participle נִדְכָּאִים Isaiah 57:15; — crushed, figurative = contrite ones.

Pi`el Perfect דִּכָּא Psalm 143:3; 2 masculine singular דִּכִּאתָ Psalm 89:11; Imperfect וִידַכֵּא Psalm 72:4; 2 masculine singular תְּדַכֵּא Proverbs 22:22 (juss); יְדַכְּאוּ Psalm 94:5, תְּדַכְּאוּ Isaiah 3:15; suffix וִידַכְּאֵנִי Job 6:9, יְדַכְּאוּם Job 4:19; 2 masculine plural וּתְדַכּאוּנַּנִי Job 19:2 (so Baer, see his edition p. 44, compare Norzi); Infinitive לִדַכֵּא Lamentations 3:34; suffix דַּכְּאוֺ Isaiah 53:10; — crush, (figurative) with accusative one's life to the earth Psalm 143:3, Egypt Psalm 89:11 (compare De Che; ׳י subject), servant of Yahweh Isaiah 53:10 (׳י subject), Job 6:9 ׳וְיֹאֵל אֱלוֺהַּ וִיד; oppressor Psalm 72:4, God's people Psalm 94:5 ("" יְּעַנּוּ), Isaiah 3:15, compare Proverbs 22:22 illegally in tribunal, Lamentations 3:34 תחת רגליו׳ד (in all human oppressor subject); crush me בְּמִלִּים Job 19:2 (Job's friends, subject; "" תּוֺגְיוּן נַפְשִׁי); never literal, not even Job 4:19 (יְדַכְּאוּם, with indefinite subject), for suffix reference not to בָּֽתֵּיחֹֿמֶר, but rather to שֹׁכְנֵי, i.e. men inhabiting the clay houses, bodies, compare Di.

Pu`al Perfect דֻּכְּאוּ Jeremiah 44:10; Imperfect יְדֻכָּא Job 22:9; Participle מְדֻכָּא Isaiah 53:5, מְדֻכָּאִים Isaiah 19:10; — crushed, broken in pieces, shattered Job 22:9 with object feminine זרועות; Isaiah 19:10 subject שָׁתוֺת (here metaphor. for nobles); figurative of servant of ׳י Isaiah 53:5; made humble, contrite Jeremiah 44:10.

Hithpa`el Imperfect יִדַּכְּאוּ Job 5:4, יִדַּכָּ֑אוּ Job 34:25; — must let themselves be crushed, i.e. maltreated Job 5:4 (in court בשׁער, compare

Pi`el Proverbs 22:22); are crushed Job 34:25 (the mighty, by God).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

דָּכָא i.q. דָּכָה to be broken in pieces, crushed, not used in Kal. Compare דָּכַךְ.

Piel דִּכֵּא

(1) to break in pieces, to crush. Psalms 72:4, וִידַכֵּא עוֹשֵׁק “and he shall break in pieces the oppressor;” Psal. 89:11 143:3 Job 6:9, וְיֹאֵל אֱלוֹהַּ וִידַכְּאֵנִי “and oh! that God would crush me!” Metaph. Job 19:2, וּתְדַכְּאוּנַּנִי בְמִלִּים “and (how long) will you break me in pieces with words?”

(2) to trample (with the feet). Lamentations 3:34, and hence to oppress (an inferior), Isaiah 3:15 Psal. 94:5 especially in the administration of justice, Proverbs 22:22.

Niphal, part. oppressed, broken in spirit, Isaiah 57:15.


(1) to be broken, broken to pieces, used of the arm, Job 22:9.

(2) to be bruised, smitten (with stripes), Isaiah 53:3.

(3) to be crushed, humbled, broken in spirit through grief, Isaiah 19:10; Jeremiah 44:10.

Hithpael הִדַּכָּא pass. of Piel No. 2, Job 5:4, 34:25. The derivatives follow.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
דִּכָּ֣א דִכִּ֣אתָ דַּכְּאוֹ֙ דֻכְּא֔וּ דכא דכאו דכאת וְיִֽדַּכְּא֥וּ וְיִדַּכָּֽאוּ׃ וִֽידַכְּאֵ֑נִי וִֽידַכֵּ֣א וּֽתְדַכְּאוּנַ֥נִי וידכא וידכאו וידכאו׃ וידכאני ותדכאונני יְ֝דַכְּא֗וּם יְדַכְּא֑וּ יְדֻכָּֽא׃ ידכא׃ ידכאו ידכאום לְדַכֵּא֙ לדכא מְדֻכָּ֖א מְדֻכָּאִ֑ים מדכא מדכאים נִדְכָּאִֽים׃ נדכאים׃ תְּדַכְּא֣וּ תְּדַכֵּ֖א תדכא תדכאו dak·kə·’ōw dakkə’ōw dakkeO dik·kā ḏik·ki·ṯā dikKa dikkā dikKita ḏikkiṯā ḏuk·kə·’ū ḏukkə’ū dukkeU lə·ḏak·kê ledakKe ləḏakkê mə·ḏuk·kā mə·ḏuk·kā·’îm medukKa məḏukkā məḏukkā’îm medukkaIm niḏ·kā·’îm niḏkā’îm nidkaIm tə·ḏak·kê tə·ḏak·kə·’ū tedakKe təḏakkê təḏakkə’ū tedakkeU ū·ṯə·ḏak·kə·’ū·na·nî ūṯəḏakkə’ūnanî utedakkeuNani veyiddakKau veyiddakkeU vidakKe vidakkeEni wə·yid·dak·kā·’ū wə·yid·dak·kə·’ū wəyiddakkā’ū wəyiddakkə’ū wî·ḏak·kê wî·ḏak·kə·’ê·nî wîḏakkê wîḏakkə’ênî yə·ḏak·kə·’ū yə·ḏak·kə·’ūm yə·ḏuk·kā yəḏakkə’ū yəḏakkə’ūm yedakkeU yedakkeUm yedukKa yəḏukkā
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