the Week of Proper 3 / Ordinary 8
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #1794 - דָּכָה
1) to crush, be crushed, be contrite, be broken
1a) (Qal) to be crushed, collapse
1b) (Niphal) to be crushed, be contrite, be broken
1c1) to crush down
1c2) to crush to pieces
1080) kd (דכ DK) AC: Crush CO: Mortar AB: ?: The pictograph d is a door representing the idea of moving back and forth. The k is a picture of the palm of the hand representing a bowl from its shape. Combined these pictures mean "the moving back and forth in a cup". Seeds are placed in a stone mortar, a stone cup, the stone pestle is moved around the cup to crush the seeds into a powder.
A) kd (דכ DK) AC: Crush CO: Mortar AB: ?
Nm ) kd (דכ DK) - I. Crush: II. Small:Something that is crushed thin or into smaller pieces. [df: qd] KJV (18): oppressed, afflicted - Strongs: H1790 (דַּךְ), H1851 (דַּק)
fm ) ikd (דכי DKY) - Wave: Wave A crushing of the surf. KJV (1): wave - Strongs: H1796 (דֳּכִי)
B) kkd (דככ DKK) AC: ? CO: Powder AB: ?: The fine dust created in the mortar by crushing something.
V) kkd (דככ DKK) - Small: To crush or beat something into small pieces. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: qqd] KJV (23): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hophal) beat small, powder, stamp, bruise, small, dust, beat in pieces, break in pieces - Strongs: H1854 (דָּקַק), H1855 (דְּקַק)
E) akd (דכא DKA) AC: Break CO: ? AB: ?
V) akd (דכא DKA) - Break: To break something by beating it. KJV (18): (vf: Niphal, Hitpael, Pual, Piel) break, break in pieces, crush, bruise, destroy - Strongs: H1792 (דָּכָא)
Nm) akd (דכא DKA) - Broken: Something that is broken into pieces. KJV (3): contrite, destruction - Strongs: H1793 (דַּכָּא)
F) kde (הדכ HDK) AC: Trample CO: ? AB: ?: Walking over something to trample on it as with a pestle in a mortar.
V) kde (הדכ HDK) - Trample: KJV (1): (vf: Paal) tread down - Strongs: H1915 (הָדַךְ)
H) ekd (דכה DKH) AC: ? CO: Bruise AB: ?: Something that is bruised by beating it.
V) ekd (דכה DKH) - Bruise: KJV (5): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Piel) break, contrite, crouch - Strongs: H1794 (דָּכָה)
Nf1) ekd (דכה DKH) - Bruised: KJV (1): wounded - Strongs: H1795 (דַּכָּה)
J) kfd (דוכ DWK) AC: Beat CO: Mortar AB: ?: A beating as with a mortar in a pestle.
V) kfd (דוכ DWK) - Beat: [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: qwd] KJV (2): (vf: Paal) beat, break into pieces - Strongs: H1743 (דּוּךְ), H1751 (דּוּק)
kf1 ) ekfdm (מדוכה MDWKH) - Mor KJV (1): mortar - Strongs: H4085 (מְדֹכָה)
M) kid (דיכ DYK) AC: Beat CO: Siege works AB: ?
Nm ) kid (דיכ DYK) - Siege works: Engines of war constructed next to a city wall for the purpose of battering it into pieces to allow entry into the city. [df: qyd] KJV (6): fort - Strongs: H1785 (דָּיֵק)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal dubious; ודכה (יָשֹׁחַ) Psalm 10:10 Kt is read as
Qal Perfect וְדָכָה consecutive by Rob-Ges Ol De and others, i.e. and he is crushed, or and he croucheth (Qr יִדְכֶּה Imperfect so AV RV he croucheth); others read וְדָכֶה יָשֹׁחַ (adjective intransitive or passive) and crushed he sinketh down, compare VB Che; possible would be יִדָּכֶה Niph`al ("" יָשֹׁחַ and ונפל).
Niph`al Perfect וְנִדְכֵּ֫יתִי Psalm 38:9; Participle נִדְכֶּה Psalm 51:19; — be crushed, broken, of physical distress Psalm 38:9 ("" נְפוּגֹתִי); be contrite (לֵב נִדְכֶּה) Psalm 51:19 ("" נִשְׁבָּר).
Pi`el Perfect דִּכִּיתָ Psalm 51:10; suffix דִּכִּיתָנוּ Psalm 44:20; crush down, of divine wrath; with accusative Psalm 44:20, and crush to pieces, object reference to עצמות, in metaphor Psalm 51:10. — דָּכוּ֨ Numbers 11:8 see דוך.
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דָּכָה i.q. דָּכָא to be broken to pieces, to be crushed, once found in Kal, Psalms 10:10 כתיב, וְדָכָה יָשֹׁחַ “and crushed he crouches down.” קרי, יִדְכֶּה id.
Piel, to break to pieces, to crush. Psal. 44:20 51:10, תָּגֵלְנָה עֲצָמוֹת דִּכִּיתָ “that the bones (which) thou hast broken may rejoice,” i.e. broken by a consciousness of guilt.
Niphal, pass. to be broken, crushed, Psal. 38:9 used of the heart, Psal. 51:19, לֵב נִשְׁבָּר וְנִדְכֶּה “a broken and a contrite heart.” Hence דֳּכִי.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.