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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1854 - דָּקַק
1) to crush, pulverise, thresh
1a1) to crush
1a2) to be fine
1b) (Hiphil) to pulverise, make dust of
1c) (Hophal) to be crushed
1080) kd (דכ DK) AC: Crush CO: Mortar AB: ?: The pictograph d is a door representing the idea of moving back and forth. The k is a picture of the palm of the hand representing a bowl from its shape. Combined these pictures mean "the moving back and forth in a cup". Seeds are placed in a stone mortar, a stone cup, the stone pestle is moved around the cup to crush the seeds into a powder.
V) kkd (דככ DKK) - Small: To crush or beat something into small pieces. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: qqd] KJV (23): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hophal) beat small, powder, stamp, bruise, small, dust, beat in pieces, break in pieces - Strongs: H1854 (דָּקַק), H1855 (דְּקַק)
Nm ) kid (דיכ DYK) - Siege works: Engines of war constructed next to a city wall for the purpose of battering it into pieces to allow entry into the city. [df: qyd] KJV (6): fort - Strongs: H1785 (דָּיֵק)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
דָּקַק pret. דַּק, fut. יָדֹק i.q. דָּכַךְ (which see), and Arab. دقّ an onomatopoetic root
(1) to crush, to beat small, to break in pieces, specially by threshing. Isaiah 41:15, “behold I will make thee a new sharp threshing wain … … תָּדוּשׁ הָרִים וְתָדֹק thou shalt thresh the mountains and break them to pieces.” There is a paronomasia on the two-fold signification, Isaiah 28:28, לֶחֶם יוּדַק בִּי לֹא לָנֶצַח אָדוֹשׁ יְדוּשֶׁנּוּ … לֹא יְדֻקֶּנּוּ “wheat is beaten out, but he does not continue threshing it, … … nor does he be at it small.” The former יוּדַק is i.q. יוּדַשׁ verse 27 Isaiah 28:27 (unless indeed it ought to be so read) to beat out with a wain or horses, opp. to יֵחָבֶט verse 27 Isaiah 28:27, יְדֻקֶּנּוּ denotes the bruising of the grains, which must be avoided.
(2) to be beaten small, crushed. Exodus 32:20, וַיִּטְחַן עַד אֲשֶׁר־דָּֽק “and he ground (it) till it became small like dust;” Deuteronomy 9:21.
Hiphil, הֵדַק i.q. Kal No. 1, to beat small, e.g. altars, idols, 2 Kings 23:6, 15 2 Kings 23:15; 2 Chronicles 15:16, 34:4, 2 Chronicles 34:7. Inf. הָדֵק adv. very small (like dust). Exodus 30:36. Metaph. Micah 4:13, “thou shalt beat to pieces many people.” Inf. הֵדַק 2 Chronicles 34:7. Fut. with suff. אֲדִיקֵם for אֲדִקֵּם 2 Samuel 22:43.
Hophal, pass. Isaiah 28:28, see Kal No. 1. Hence דַּק, דֹּק.
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