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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #03898 - לָחַם
1) to fight, do battle, make war
1a) (Qal) to fight, do battle
1b) (Niphal) to engage in battle, wage war
2) (Qal) to eat, use as food
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
לָחַם fut. יִלְחַם
(1) to eat (kindred to לָהַם, see under the root לוּעַ ), i.q. אָכַל, but only used poetically, Proverbs 23:1 followed by an acc. of the food, Proverbs 4:17, 23:6 followed by בְּ to eat of anything (an, von etwas effen), Proverbs 9:5; Psalms 141:4. Metaph. Deuteronomy 32:24, לְחוּמֵי רֶשֶׁף “consumed with pestilence.”
(2) to fight, to war, followed by אֶת Psalms 35:1 and לְ of pers. 56:2, Psalms 35:3 more used in Niph. Fierce soldiers are hyperbolically said to devour their enemies, as Joshua says of the Canaanites. Numbers 14:9, לַחמֵנוּ הֵם “they shall be our bread;” Luth. denn wir wollen fie wie Brot freffen; compare Arab. مضغ to eat; Conj. II. to fight; Pers. مردن خور anthropophagus, spoken of a fierce soldier; compare also Hom. πτολέμοιο μέγα στόμα, Il. 10:8.
Niphal, נִלְחַם inf. absol. נִלְחֹם i.q. Kal No. 2, to fight, to wage war (with a recipr. signif. like the Gr. μάχεσθαι). 1 Samuel 17:10, נִלָּֽחֲמָה יַחַד “let us fight together;” followed by an acc. of one’s opponent, Joshua 10:25; Psalms 109:3; 1 Kings 20:25 followed by בְּ Exodus 1:10 עִם 2 Kings 13:12, 14:15 אֶל Jeremiah 1:19, 15:20 עַל Nehemiah 4:8 also followed by לְ Exodus 14:14, 25 Exodus 14:25; Deuteronomy 1:30 and by עַל of that for which one fights, Judges 9:17; 2 Kings 10:3 נִלְחַם בָּעִיר Judges 9:45 and עַל עִיר to fight against a city, to besiege it, Isaiah 7:1; 2 Kings 16:5; Jeremiah 34:22, 37:8.
Derivatives לֶחֶם, לָחֵם, לְחוּם, מִלְחָמָה.
the Second Week after Epiphany